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  • Hi guys! Dan here for BBC Learning English with this week's Learner Question.

    嗨各位!我是來自 BBC 英語學習的 Dan,來回答本週的學習問題。

  • Find out what it is after this.


  • OK! This week's learner question comes from...


  • Ashfaq from Pakistan, who says, "What is the difference between these two sentences: 'How are you?' and 'How do you do?'"

    巴基斯坦的 Ashfaq,他問:How are you? 和 How do you do? 這兩句話究竟差在哪?

  • Well, Ashfaq, "How do you do?" is quite formal and it's not used much these days.

    Ashfaq,How do you do? 是比較正式的說法,現在不那麼常用了。

  • You might possibly use it the first time you meet somebody for business or with somebody very, very important.


  • It's usually accompanied with a handshake.


  • The response to "How do you do?" is: "How do you do", but with a slightly different emphasis.

    how do you do 的回答也是 ... how do you do,但會有些微的差異。

  • For example, - How do you do? - How do you do?"

    舉個例子,how do you do? how do you do?

  • Did you see the difference?


  • You could also say: "I'm pleased to meet you" or "It's very nice to meet you."

    你也可以說 I'm pleased to meet you 或 it's very nice to meet you。(「很高興認識你。」)

  • "How are you?" is used in both informal and formal circumstances.

    How are you? 在正式或非正式場合都可以使用。

  • So, usually it's quite a good question to begin a conversation with.


  • It's a question which asks about the other person's state of being.


  • But don't go into too much detail when you give the answer.


  • Standard replies include, "Very well thank you", "I'm fine thanks,"

    標準的回答包含 very well thank you 和 I'm fine thanks。(「我很好,謝謝你。」)

  • And, of course, it's traditional to then return the question to the other person and ask, "And yourself?", "And you?", "How are you?"

    當然傳統上要回問對方 and yourself?、and you? 或是 how are you?(「你呢?你好嗎?」)

  • Very informal greetings include, "Hey", "Hi", "Hiya", "Heya", and are often accompanied by questions such as, "What's up?", "What's going on?", and "How's things?"

    很不正式的問候包含 hey、hi、hiya、heya(「嘿!嗨!嗨嗨!」),通常還會包含問句如 what's up?、what's going on? 和 how's things?。(「怎啦?一切還好嗎?」)

  • Finally, if we're talking about formal greetings, we should also talk about formal farewells.


  • Again, these are usually accompanied with a handshake.


  • And we might say, "It was a pleasure meeting you."

    我們或許說 it was a pleasure meeting you。(「很榮幸認識你。」)

  • Or "It's been great meeting you. Thank you very much for your time."

    或 it's been great meeting you. Thank you very much for your time。(「很高興認識你。感謝你撥冗見面。」)

  • Thank you for your time, Ashfaq. I hope that's answered your question.


  • If anybody else out there has a question for Learners' Questions, you can email us on:

    如果其他人有任何學習問題,你可以寄信到我們信箱:[email protected]

  • Please remember to include Learners' Questions in the subject box and your name and the country that you're writing from.

    煩請記得在主旨欄標註 Learners' Questions,以及你的名字和你來自哪裡。

  • We can't answer every single question, guyswe just get too manybut we do read every single one.


  • And for more information, go to our website:


  • That's it for this week's Learners' Question. I'll see you next time.


Hi guys! Dan here for BBC Learning English with this week's Learner Question.

嗨各位!我是來自 BBC 英語學習的 Dan,來回答本週的學習問題。

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How are you 和 How do you do 傻傻分不清?看看這部影片吧!("How are you" and "How do you do'' - Learners' Questions)

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    Yukiko 發佈於 2019 年 05 月 12 日