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  • Neil: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute

    尼爾:你好,歡迎來到6分鐘。

  • English, I'm Neil. This is

    英語,我是尼爾。我是...

  • the programme where in just

    節目中,僅在

  • six minutes we discuss an interesting

    六分鐘,我們討論了一個有趣的

  • topic and teach some

    題,並傳授一些

  • related English vocabulary.

    相關英語詞彙。

  • And joining me to do this is Rob.

    和我一起做這個是羅布。

  • Rob: Hello... err sorry Neil, how long did

    你好......呃,對不起,尼爾,多長時間了?

  • you say this programme is?

    你說這個節目是?

  • Neil: Six minutes ... it's 6 Minute English, Rob.

    六分鐘......是6分鐘英語,羅布。

  • Rob: Right. OK. Sorry, what's

    羅伯:對。好的。對不起,什麼'的

  • your name again?

    又是你的名字?

  • Neil: Neil! My name is Neil, Rob. What's

    尼爾:尼爾!我叫尼爾,羅布。我叫尼爾,羅布。

  • happened to your memory?!

    你的記憶力怎麼了?

  • Rob: Sorry, Neil - too many things on my

    羅伯:對不起,尼爾--我有太多的事情要做。

  • mind, it's affecting my short-term

    心,影響了我的短期。

  • memory, but what

    記憶力

  • I can remember is that in this programme

    我記得在這個節目中

  • we're talking about improving

    我們正在談論改善

  • our memory.

    我們的記憶。

  • Neil: We are and I think you might find it

    尼爾:我們是,我想你可能會發現。

  • quite useful! Storing information

    相當有用!儲存資訊

  • is an important

    是一個重要

  • function of our brains and scientists

    我們大腦的功能和科學家

  • are always looking at ways to

    始終在尋找方法,以

  • improve it but also to stop it

    揚長避短

  • deteriorating - or becoming worse.

    惡化 -- -- 或變得更糟;

  • Rob: Yes, and we all know that memories -

    羅伯:是的,我們都知道,記憶--------。

  • that's the noun for things

    那是事物的名詞。

  • we remember from the

    我們記得

  • past - are nice to have but also important

    過去--是好的,但也是重要的

  • for remembering who people are,

    為記住人是誰。

  • where things are kept

    存放處

  • and how things look.

    和事情的樣子。

  • Neil: Soon we'll be discussing a new idea

    尼爾:很快我們'將討論一個新的想法。

  • for improving your memory but not before

    改善你的記憶力,但不是之前

  • I've set today's quiz question.

    我'了今天的測驗題。

  • There are many ways we can improve

    我們有很多方法可以改善

  • our memory but one way

    記憶力

  • is through the type of food we eat.

    是通過我們吃的食物類型。

  • According to the BBC Food website,

    據BBC食品網站報道。

  • which type of food

    哪種食物

  • supports good memory function? Is it...

    支持良好的記憶功能?是...

  • a) eggs, b) spinach, or c) bananas?

    a)雞蛋,b)菠菜,還是c)香蕉?

  • Rob: Well, as a kid I was always told that

    羅伯:好吧,作為一個孩子,我總是被告知,我是一個很好的人。

  • spinach was good for me - Popeye ate it

    菠菜對我很好 -大力水手吃了它。

  • to make him strong - so I'll say b) spinach.

    使他強壯--所以我'會說b)菠菜。

  • Neil: Well, I'll have the answer later on.

    尼爾:嗯,我'以後會有答案的。

  • Now, let's talk more about

    現在,讓我們再來談談'。

  • improving our memory.

    提高我們的記憶力。

  • Memory is the ability to encode, store and

    記憶力是指編碼、存儲和

  • recall information but a number of factors

    召回資訊,但一些因素

  • can affect people's memory processes

    可以影響人們的記憶過程

  • including health, anxiety, mood,

    包括健康、焦慮、情緒。

  • stress and tiredness.

    壓力和疲勞。

  • Rob: That's why, for example, if you're

    羅布:這就是為什麼,比如說,如果你'。

  • taking an exam it's important

    考試是重要的

  • to get a good night's sleep

    睡個好覺

  • and to keep healthy. But Neil, when

    並保持健康。但是尼爾,當

  • you're revising for an exam, what helps

    你'為考試複習,什麼有助於

  • you to remember facts?

    你要記住事實嗎?

  • Neil: I tend to write things down again and

    尼爾:我傾向於把事情再寫下來,然後。

  • again and again and again.

    一遍又一遍,一遍又一遍。

  • Rob: Well, that's one way. But people have

    羅布:嗯,這'是一種方式。但人們有

  • different styles to help them remember.

    不同的風格來幫助他們記憶。

  • According to the BBC's iWonder guide,

    根據BBC'的iWonder指南。

  • there are three different styles - visual,

    有三種不同的風格--視覺。

  • auditory and kinaesthetic,

    聽覺和動覺;

  • that's learning by 'doing' and practicing

    那就是'學以致用'做'和實踐。

  • something over and over again.

    一遍又一遍的東西。

  • That sounds like me.

    這聽起來像我。

  • Neil: But recently, a new study has

    尼爾:但最近,一項新的研究表明。

  • come up with a method that could

    想出辦法

  • possibly be the best way to improve your

    可能是改善你的

  • memory and that's by drawing.

    記憶,那就是通過繪畫。

  • Daryl O'Connor, who's Professor

    Daryl O&39;Connor,誰&39;教授。

  • of Psychology at the University of Leeds,

    利茲大學心理學系。

  • has been speaking about it on

    一直在談論它的

  • the BBC Radio 4 programme, All

    英國廣播公司第四臺節目 "All

  • In The Mind. See if you

    在頭腦中。看看你是否

  • can work out why...

    得出原因

  • Daryl O'Connor: The authors certainly

    達里爾-奧'康納:作者當然是

  • argue that one of the things that

    辯稱,其中一件事是

  • happens by drawing

    畫龍點睛

  • these particular objects, that it leads to

    這些特定對象,它導致

  • this increased contextual representation

    這種增加的上下文表述

  • of the object in one's mind...

    的對象在心中......。

  • It makes a lot of intuitive sense...

    這很有直觀的意義... ...

  • the idea that if you have encoded

    的想法,如果你已經編碼了

  • something in a greater level of detail,

    更詳細的東西。

  • you're more likely to remember it...

    你更有可能記住它... ...

  • It's much stronger than just remembering

    這比單純的記憶要強得多。

  • writing down the words.

    寫下這些話。

  • Neil: OK, so let's try to explain that.

    尼爾:好吧,讓我們試著解釋一下。

  • Drawing something leads to increased

    畫東西會導致增加

  • contextual representation of the object.

    對象的上下文表示。

  • When something is contextual,

    當某件事情的背景。

  • it is in the situation where

    在這種情況下

  • it usually exists.

    它通常存在。

  • Rob: So as you draw something you are

    羅伯:所以當你畫一些東西時,你是

  • creating a picture in your mind

    浮想聯翩

  • about what it is, how you use it and

    關於它是什麼,你如何使用它,以及。

  • where it is used. I wonder if

    在哪裡使用。我想知道,如果

  • this means artists have good memories...

    這意味著藝術家們有很好的記憶...

  • Neil: Maybe. Daryl O'Connor says that

    尼爾:也許吧。Daryl O'Connor說過

  • when you draw you are encoding

    當你畫畫的時候,你就是在編碼

  • something in a greater

    大處著眼

  • level of detail, more than you would by

    詳細程度,比你通過

  • just writing things down.

    只是把事情寫下來。

  • Encoding is changing

    編碼正在改變

  • information into a form that can

    資訊的形式,可以

  • be stored and later recalled.

    儲存,以後再調用。

  • Rob: That's because as you draw,

    羅布:那是因為隨著你畫。

  • you're thinking about different aspects of

    你'思考的不同方面的

  • the object. He says it makes

    的對象。他說這讓

  • intuitive sense - intuitive means it is

    直觀的感覺--直觀是指它是

  • 'based on feelings rather than

    '基於感覺而不是

  • facts or proof' - so, you just feel

    事實或證據' - 所以,你只是覺得

  • it is the best thing to do.

    這是最好的辦法。

  • Neil: Of course this is just one more way

    尼爾:當然,這只是多了一種方式。

  • to improve your memory. I've also

    以提高你的記憶力。我也

  • heard that doing

    聽說

  • crossword puzzles and Sudoku

    填字遊戲和數獨

  • can help, especially when you're older.

    可以幫助,特別是當你'老了。

  • Rob: Yes, as we get older we can often

    羅伯:是的,隨著年齡的增長,我們常常可以

  • have more difficulty retrieving information

    檢索資訊比較困難

  • from our memory - and people with

    從我們的記憶中--和人與

  • Alzheimer's find it very difficult

    阿爾茨海默's發現它非常困難的

  • to encode information - so any way

    來編碼資訊--所以任何方式

  • to keep our memory working is a good

    以保持我們的記憶力是一個很好的

  • thing. Basically we need brain training!

    的事情。基本上我們需要腦力訓練!

  • Neil: Brain training and eating the right

    尼爾:大腦訓練和吃對了

  • food, Rob! You might remember that

    食物,羅布!你可能還記得

  • earlier I asked you, according to

    剛才我問你,根據

  • the BBC Food website, which type of food

    BBC食品網站,哪種食物

  • supports good memory function?

    支持良好的記憶功能?

  • Is it... a) eggs, b) spinach, or c) bananas?

    是... a)雞蛋,b)菠菜,還是c)香蕉?

  • And Rob, you said...

    而羅布,你說...

  • Rob: I do remember and I said b) spinach.

    羅伯:我確實記得,我說b)菠菜。

  • Neil: And that is sort of the wrong answer.

    尼爾:這也算是錯誤的答案。

  • In fact they were all correct - they are all

    事實上,他們都是正確的--他們都是。

  • examples of food that can help support

    可以幫助支持的食物的例子

  • good memory. Apparently, foods rich in

    好的記憶力。顯然,食物中富含

  • B vitamins are important as they

    B族維生素很重要,因為它們

  • provide protection for the brain as we age

    隨著年齡的增長,為大腦提供保護

  • and support good memory function.

    並支持良好的記憶功能。

  • I think it's time to change my diet!

    我想是時候改變我的飲食習慣了!

  • Now on to the vocabulary

    現在說說詞彙

  • we looked at in this programme.

    我們在這個方案中研究了。

  • Rob: So today we've been talking about

    羅伯:所以今天我們一直在討論的是關於

  • our memory - we use our memory

    我們的記憶--我們使用我們的記憶

  • to remember things

    記事

  • and 'memories' is the noun for things

    和'回憶&39;是事物的名詞。

  • we remember from the past.

    我們記得過去的事情。

  • Neil: Then we discussed a learning style

    尼爾:然後我們討論了一種學習方式

  • known as 'kinaesthetic', that is learning

    稱為'動覺&39;,即學習。

  • by 'doing' and

    通過'做&39;和

  • practising something over and over again.

    反覆練習某件事情。

  • Rob: We heard from Professor

    羅伯:我們從教授那裡聽到了

  • Daryl O'Connor, who talked about

    Daryl O'Connor,他談到了

  • contextual representation - when

    語境表示--當

  • something is 'contextual',

    東西是'情境的&39;。

  • you see it in the situation

    可見

  • where it usually exists.

    通常存在的地方。

  • Neil: Next we talked about 'encoding'.

    尼爾:接下來我們談到了'編碼&39;。

  • That is changing information

    這就是改變資訊

  • into a form that can

    變成可以

  • be stored and later recalled.

    儲存,以後再調用。

  • Rob: And we mentioned 'intuitive sense' -

    羅伯:而且我們提到了'直觀的感覺'-。

  • having an intuitive sense means

    悟性

  • doing something 'based

    做某事'基於

  • on feelings rather than facts or proof' - so,

    在感覺上而不是事實或證據上'--所以。

  • you just feel it is the best thing to do.

    你只是覺得這是最好的事情。

  • Neil: And finally we mentioned

    尼爾:最後我們提到

  • Alzheimer's - a disease affecting

    阿爾茨海默氏症--一種影響人類的疾病

  • the brain that makes it

    腦袋

  • difficult to remember things and

    記不住

  • it gets worse as you get older.

    年紀越大,情況越糟。

  • Rob: Well, there are lots of new words

    羅伯:好吧,有很多新的詞彙

  • to remember there - but that's all

    要記住那裡--但那是所有的。

  • for this programme.

    本方案。

  • Neil: Don't forget to visit us on Facebook,

    尼爾:別忘了在Facebook上訪問我們。

  • Twitter, Instagram and YouTube

    Twitter、Instagram和YouTube

  • and our website:

    和我們的網站。

  • bbclearningenglish.com. Bye for now.

    bbclearningenglish.com。暫時再見。

  • Rob: Goodbye!

    再見!

Neil: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute

尼爾:你好,歡迎來到6分鐘。

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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 尼爾 羅伯 羅布 記憶力 菠菜 對象

6分钟英文 (Improving your memory: 6 Minute English)

  • 167 11
    上官紫儿 發佈於 2019 年 03 月 29 日
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