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  • So in this video I'm going to look at how the speaking test is assessed.

    今天這部影片的主題是雅思口試的評分標準。

  • So how does an IELTS examiner give you the band score.

    雅思口試考官是怎麼給你分數的?

  • Well the IELTS examiner uses a form that is similar to this.

    考官的給分標準大概是像這樣的表格。

  • This document you can find in the downloadable resources section.

    你可以在下載區找到這份檔案。

  • And if I zoom in, you can see there's a description of what the IELTS candidate actually does.

    放大來看,這裡描述了雅思考生的實際口試表現。

  • So the IELTS examiner tries to match you with the correct part of this gridthis table of descriptions.

    雅思考官會試著把你的表現對應到這個網格的正確位置,也就是這份表格描述。

  • So I'm going to go through the different assessment areas.

    我會詳細解釋不同的評分原則。

  • There are actually four assessment areas that the IELTS examiner looks at.

    事實上雅思考官打分數的依據有 4 個部分。

  • And they are called fluency and coherence, lexical resource, grammatical range and accuracy, pronunciation.

    分別是:流暢性與連貫性、詞彙量、語法運用範圍與正確性、發音。

  • Ok. And you get a band score for each of these four different areas.

    你會在這四個方面得到各自的分數。

  • And your overall speaking band score is the average of those four band scores.

    最後整體的口說分數會是這 4 項得分的平均。

  • So let's look at those 4 assessment areas in more detail.

    現在我們來更仔細地看看 4 項評分依據。

  • So fluency and coherence, to begin with.

    從流暢性與連貫性開始說明。

  • This is about how fluently you speak, and how well your ideas are structured and linked together.

    這關係到你講得多流暢,以及你的想法在架構與連結上的表現。

  • So it's a bit like, certainly for fluency, a bit like a river flowing gently down the valley.

    所以這有點像......尤其是流暢性,有點像是輕輕流過河谷的河水。

  • So do you speak fluently or do you hesitate?

    你講得很流暢?還是你有所遲疑?

  • Now, to get a band 7, for fluency and coherence, you need to speak at length without noticeable effort.

    口試想得到總分 7 分的話,在這個評分點上你必須能夠講到相當長度,並且不太費力。

  • Don't need to seem that you're trying to speak at length.

    不會看起來是你很努力想講久一點。

  • But you can have the occasional hesitation over language where you stop and you think about some language.

    不過你偶爾可以有幾個地方停頓,停下來想想語言規則。

  • If you do that, that's ok for a band 7 still.

    這點對 7 分來說是可以接受的。

  • And you should try to use a range of connective, a range of linking words.

    並且你最好試著運用不一樣的連接詞。

  • The second assessment area is called lexical resource which is basically words and phrases.

    第二個評分標準稱作詞彙量,簡單來說就是單字和片語。

  • It's the range and appropriateness of your vocabulary.

    你在字彙使用上的變化與適切程度。

  • So how wide a range of vocabulary do you have, and do you use it naturally?

    也就是你的字彙量有多廣?是否能自然運用?

  • Do you use it correctly? So it's your range of vocabulary.

    用得正確嗎?這些都包含在字彙項目裡。

  • To get a band 7 you should use a vocabulary with some flexibility, and you should use some less common and idiomatic vocabulary.

    想拿到 7 分你得較靈活地使用單字,並且用上較不常見的、適合口語表達的字彙。

  • And maybe show some awareness of collocation (how words go together).

    或許再展現出你對搭配詞的認識,也就是單字之間組合的方式。

  • But you can, for band 7, produce occasional errors.

    不過想拿到 7 分,可以偶爾出現一點小錯誤。

  • You don't need to be perfect to get a band 7.

    不用做到毫無瑕疵,也能得 7 分。

  • Grammatical range and accuracy is the range and accuracy of your grammar, the nuts and bolts of the language.

    語法運用範圍與正確性指的是你的文法使用,也就是語言的具體本質。

  • And to get a band 7, you need to use a variety of complex structures.

    想拿到 7 分,你得用上各種不同的複雜結構。

  • For example, conditional sentences, if...would conditionals, relative clauses.

    舉例來說,條件語句、if...would 條件句、關係子句。

  • And you should speak frequent error-free sentences.

    而且你大部分的句子應該要是毫無錯誤的。

  • You can make some grammatical mistakes, that's ok, but your error-free sentences should be frequent, should be most of the time.

    你可以犯下幾項文法錯誤,這可以接受。但你多數的句子必須要是沒有錯誤的。

  • And pronunciation is about how natural you sound, and how easy you are to understand.

    發音則關係到你聽起來有多自然,你講的話容不容易理解。

  • So do you pronounce words clearly and correctly?

    你是否發音清晰且正確?

  • Do you use a range of pronunciation features such as connecting words together?

    你是否展現出不同的發音特色,例如單字之間的連音?

  • So is it fluent?

    發音流暢嗎?

  • This is for a band 7: you need to use a range of pronunciation features with only a few mistakes.

    這是 7 分的標準:你必須使用不同的發音特點,只能偶爾出錯。

  • Now pronunciation features are things like connecting words together.

    發音特點像是把字串連在一起。

  • So for example, I would say "I wentuh work".

    例如我會說: "I wentuh work"。

  • Some people say: "I went to work".

    有些人會說:"I went to work"。

  • But a natural way of speaking English is connecting words together.

    但是英文的自然講法會把字跟字連在一起。

  • "I wentuh work" "wentuh, wentuh", instead of "went to".

    "I wentuh work","wentuh, wentuh";而不是 "went to"。

  • That's a pronunciation feature, so do you connect words together?

    這就是一項發音特點。你是否有做到連音?

  • Do you stress words correctly? So it's about how natural you sound when you speak.

    重音位置正確嗎?重點是你講英文聽起來自不自然。

  • And also you can generally be understood throughout.

    並且你說的內容大致上是完全可以理解的。

  • Accent has only a small effect on understanding.

    口音在理解上只有一點影響。

  • So that's to get a band 7.

    這是想得到 7 分你得做到的事情。

  • It's important to understand that even to get a band 9, you do not need to have a British or American accent.

    很重要的是,就算你想拿 9 分,也不需要擁有英式或美式口音。

  • Pronunciation is not about accent.

    發音跟口音沒有絕對關係。

  • It's about sounding natural when you speak.

    重點是你聽起來有多自然。

  • Ok? Using those pronunciation features.

    好嗎?展現出那些發音特點。

  • So don't worry about having an accent, accents are ok.

    別擔心你有口音,那不是問題。

  • It's about sounding natural when you speak.

    重點在於你講英文是否自然。

  • So that's basically how the speaking test is assessed.

    所以基本上這就是雅思口試的評分依據。

So in this video I'm going to look at how the speaking test is assessed.

今天這部影片的主題是雅思口試的評分標準。

字幕與單字
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B1 中級 中文 英國腔 發音 口試 雅思 口音 字彙 單字

弄清楚口試要點!雅思考官想聽到什麼? (IELTS Speaking: how is it assessed?)

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    Jessieeee 發佈於 2019 年 05 月 02 日
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