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  • Hi, I'm Michael from ETS.

    大家好,我是美國教育測驗服務社 (ETS) 的 Michael。

  • Today on Inside the TOEFL Test, we're going inside the TOEFL iBT Reading section.

    今天的托福解析節目我們要討論的是托福閱讀測驗。

  • Specifically, the Inference and Rhetorical Purpose questions.

    我們會把焦點放在推論題和修辭題。

  • Inference questions ask you to identify information or comprehend an idea that is not explicitly stated in the reading passage.

    推論題要求你在文章並未指明的狀況下找出特定資訊,或是理解言外之意。

  • You can recognize inference questions because they usually include the words "infer," "imply" or "suggest," like in these examples.

    通常看到「推論」、「推理」、「暗示」這些字眼就代表它是推論題。如同以下範例。

  • Rhetorical purpose questions are similar, because they also ask for information not explicitly stated.

    修辭目的題型很相似,問的也是沒有明確寫出來的資訊。

  • These will ask why the author has presented a piece of information.

    這種題型會問你為什麼作者選擇呈現這樣的資訊。

  • One way to approach these types of questions, if you can't identify the correct answer immediately, is to eliminate wrong answers.

    倘若你無法立即找出答案,解決這兩種題型的方法之一就是淘汰掉錯誤的答案。

  • You will see more on this as we go through the example.

    等等在例子中會有更多講解。

  • Now let's do a sample inference question.

    現在我們來看一題推論範例。

  • Here's a paragraph from a reading passage about meteorite impacts.

    這段擷取自一篇關於隕石撞擊的閱讀考題。

  • Next, let's look at the question.

    接著我們來看看問題。

  • You see that it uses the word "inferred," so that clearly tells you that it's an inference question.

    你看到這裡有「推論」這個字,所以很清楚是推論題。

  • Can you identify the correct answer?

    你找得出正確答案嗎?

  • It's choice C, because it's supported by this sentence, which indicates that scientists knew in 1980 that there had been an impact.

    答案是選項 C,背後的依據則在這裡—這句指出 1980 年科學家們就知道這裡曾發生過撞擊。

  • And this one, where it said the site had been located in the Yucatan.

    還有這一句指出撞擊地點位在猶加敦半島。

  • Let's look at why the other choices can be eliminated.

    我們來看看為什麼其他選項不能選。

  • Choice A is not correct.

    選項 A 是錯誤的。

  • Because there isn't anything written or implied in the passage about geologists keeping the impact site secret.

    因為文章裡完全沒有提到或暗示地質學家保密撞擊地點。

  • Choice B is also not correct.

    選項 B 也不正確。

  • Saying that it was a "well-known fact" contradicts the passage where it talks about the discovery of the crater in the Yucatan.

    選項認為這是一項「眾所皆知的事實」,與這篇講猶加敦半島隕石坑發現的敘述正好相反。

  • Choice D also can't be correct.

    選項 D 也不對。

  • Because the paragraph doesn't mention climate as a factor in the discovery of the impact site.

    因為文章中並沒有提到氣候會影響到隕石撞擊地點之探索。

  • Now let's look at an example of a rhetorical purpose question.

    現在我們來看一題修辭題型範例。

  • It asks about information from a different paragraph in the same reading passage about meteorites and dinosaurs.

    它問的是同一篇文章、不同段落中關於隕石和恐龍的資訊。

  • It's like an Inference question, but it asks why the author includes a particular piece of information.

    跟推論題差不多,只不過修辭題問的是為什麼作者會把這段資訊寫進來。

  • When reading each answer choice, the most important part to focus on is the "to clause" at the beginning of each one.

    在閱讀選項的時候,最重要的是要看清楚敘述開頭之「目的句」。

  • Then pick the answer that best describes what the author is trying to do.

    接著再選擇最能描述作者目的之答案。

  • In this case, the correct answer is C.

    在這題裡答案會是 C。

  • One way to build your reading skills is by practicing skimming, which is reading quickly to identify major points.

    增進閱讀技巧的方法之一就是練習瀏覽,也就是快速看過文章、找出重點。

  • One way to skim is to read the introductory paragraph, then the first sentence of each of the middle paragraphs, and then read the concluding paragraph.

    你可以先讀過導入段落,再讀每段中間段落的第一句,最後讀結論段落。

  • When you're practicing, try reading a passage twice, the first time skimming to get the main ideas, then read it again more carefully to see if you really did get those main ideas.

    練習的時候每篇要讀兩次,第一次用瀏覽找出文章主旨,之後再仔細讀一次,看看自己是否抓到了重點。

  • Another tip that will help with rhetorical purpose questions is to make sure you know the definition of these words.

    另一項作答修辭題的技巧是確保自己知道這些字的意思。

  • Because they are often used to describe kinds of rhetorical purposes.

    因為它們經常被用來描述不同的修辭目的。

  • There are lots of ways to improve your English skills.

    改善英文技巧的方法有很多。

  • Whatever you do, keep practicing.

    不管你選擇哪一種都要記得持續練習。

  • And good luck on your TOEFL test.

    祝你順利在托福考試中考取高分!

Hi, I'm Michael from ETS.

大家好,我是美國教育測驗服務社 (ETS) 的 Michael。

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考題寫得更順手!托福推論題、修辭題 (TOEFL Reading Questions - Inference and Rhetorical Purpose Inside the TOEFL Test)

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    Jessieeee 發佈於 2019 年 04 月 11 日
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