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  • Hi, this is Jackie.

    大家好,我是 Jackie。

  • Welcome to PrepScholar TOEFL!

    歡迎觀賞 PrepScholar TOEFL 頻道!

  • Today I'm going to give you a few tips on how to do better on the TOEFL Speaking section.

    今天我想教一些能幫你在托福口試中考取更高分的撇步。

  • The Speaking section is all about timing.

    口試時的時間掌握非常關鍵。

  • We only have 45 or 60 seconds to give our answer; that's not a lot of time.

    我們得在 45 或 60 秒之內回答,這時間並不長。

  • So one of the most important skills you need on this section is the ability to pace your speech correctly.

    因此掌握回答語速就是托福口試中最重要的技巧之一。

  • Pacing your speech correctly is key to getting a good score.

    正確掌握回答語速是拿高分的關鍵。

  • If you speak too slowly, you may not be able to finish your answer.

    如果說得太慢,你可能會來不及說完答案。

  • And if you speak too quickly, it may be difficult to understand what you're saying.

    如果講得太快,你的回答可能就會變得不好理解。

  • So you want your pace to be just right: not too slow, and not too fast.

    因此你的語速最好是剛剛好—不能太快,也不能太慢。

  • So, how do you do that?

    這要怎麼做呢?

  • Well, that's what this lesson is all about!

    這就是我們今天這堂課要談論的主題!

  • To begin, let's see how fast you're speaking.

    首先我們來看看你講話有多快。

  • Let's look at a few sentences in fact, exactly 40 words of the kind of passage you might encounter on the TOEFL.

    先來看看幾個句子—事實上這是你在托福考試裡可能會遇到的 40 字篇幅。

  • Here's the passage:

    測驗內容如下:

  • First, I'll read it at an average pace:

    首先我用一般的速度來朗讀。

  • "Scientists have extensively studied several of the species of mammals that are native to New Guinea and have learned how these species adapt to their environments.

    「科學家們已針對新幾內亞幾個不同品種的原生哺乳類做過詳細研究,並了解到這些物種如何適應牠們的生存環境。」

  • "The western wombat occupies the highland forests, and its diet consists primarily of earthworms."

    「西方袋熊住在高地森林,蚯蚓是牠們主要的食物。」

  • Now, you read it, and compare your time to mine.

    現在換你朗讀這段,再比較我們兩個的朗讀速度。

  • Start...now.

    計時......開始。

  • How'd that go?

    你做得如何?

  • Did you speak more slowly?

    你講得比我慢嗎?

  • More quickly?

    還是比我快?

  • Either way, we will give you some tips on how to adjust your speaking pace.

    不管結果如何,我們都會教你幾項調整語速的撇步。

  • For some students, their problem is that they are speaking too slowly.

    有些學生的問題是他們講得太慢了。

  • There are two problems with doing this.

    這可能會造成兩種問題。

  • The first problem is simple.

    第一種問題很簡單。

  • If you speak too slowly, you may not be able to even finish your answer!

    當你講得太慢,你甚至可能無法講完答案。

  • And, if your answer is incomplete, that will result in a significantly lower score on the speaking section.

    如果你的回答不完整,在口試中就會被大大扣分。

  • The second problem is that, if you speak too slowly, your speech will typically be filled with lots of hesitations and pauses.

    講太慢的第二個問題在於你的回答往往會充滿許多遲疑、停頓。

  • But that makes it sound like you don't know what to say, which will also result in a lower speaking score.

    這會讓你聽起來彷彿不知道該說什麼,分數也會被拉低。

  • So how do you speed up your delivery, if you are speaking too slowly?

    如果講太慢的話,你該如何加快回答速度呢?

  • In two ways: preparation and practice.

    兩種方法:事前準備、練習。

  • The main reason students speak too slowly is that they are not prepared.

    學生講太慢的主要原因就是他們沒有準備好。

  • So, for each question, remember to prepare a brief outline of what you're going to say.

    所以在回答每一題的時候,記得先想一下等等要如何回答、想好大綱。

  • The rest of the PrepScholar course gives you detailed guidelines about how to do that.

    PrepScholar 的其他課程會給你詳細的指導步驟,教你怎麼做。

  • Another reason that students speak too slowly is that they haven't practiced enough.

    講太慢的另一項原因是他們練習不夠。

  • So practice speaking English quickly.

    練習講英文講得更快。

  • Listen to podcasts in English, and try speaking along as you listen.

    收聽英文播客 (podcast),試著跟上講者的速度。

  • Don't worry if you don't understand everything; just try to match the pace.

    聽不懂全部的內容也沒關係,試著跟上速度即可。

  • So that is how we avoid speaking too slowly.

    這就是我們避免講太慢的方法。

  • Now, we don't want to speak too quickly on the speaking section either.

    再來我們也要避免口試時講得太快。

  • If we speak too quickly, we will be very difficult to understand.

    一旦講太快,我們講的內容就會變得難以理解。

  • For that reason, speaking quickly can be even worse than speaking too slowly.

    從這點來看,講太快可能會比講太慢更糟糕。

  • So why do students speak too quickly?

    為什麼有些學生會講得太快呢?

  • It is almost always for the same reason: they get nervous.

    通常都是因為太緊張了。

  • When we get nervous, we try to do too much at once, and we speak too much.

    緊張的時候會試著一次做更多事情,我們會講太多話。

  • And then we become very difficult to understand even if our pronunciation is perfect!

    這樣一來我們講的話就會很難懂,即使發音完美也一樣!

  • So what do we need to do, if we're speaking too quickly?

    如果我們講太快,可以怎麼改善呢?

  • Well, if we're speaking too quickly because we're nervous, then, to slow down, we need to relax.

    當我們太緊張、講太快,那我們就必須放輕鬆才能讓語速慢下來。

  • So, how do we relax?

    我們該怎麼放鬆下來呢?

  • Actually, we should do the same two things we discussed above.

    其實我們應該要做剛剛提過的兩件事情。

  • We should prepare.

    我們得事先準備。

  • If we're prepared, then we won't be worried about what to say next so we can relax.

    一旦準備好了,我們就不會擔心等等要說什麼,就可以放鬆一點。

  • And we should practice.

    我們也要好好練習。

  • If we have a lot of practice answering questions in English, we can relax.

    當我們練習英文問答練習得很充分,我們就能放鬆一些。

  • So let's review!

    現在來複習一下吧!

  • We've said that pace is very important on the Speaking section.

    我們提到說話速度在口試裡非常重要。

  • And it is a problem for many students.

    並且許多學生都會遇到這個問題。

  • Some students speak too quickly, while other students speak too slowly.

    有些人講得太快,有些人講得太慢。

  • We want to speak at good pace, not too slow and not too quick.

    我們要努力達到剛剛好的語速,不會太慢也不會太快。

  • How do we do that?

    我們該怎麼做呢?

  • Prepare and practice.

    準備、練習。

  • If we prepare and practice answering questions, we will know what to say, and we can relax and deliver our answers at a steady pace.

    如果我們準備好且練習過英文問答,我們就會知道要說些什麼,就能放鬆並以穩定的速度回答。

  • Let's try that passage again from earlier.

    我們再來試一次剛剛那個測驗段落。

  • Try reading it again.

    再試著朗讀一次。

  • Start...now.

    計時......開始。

  • How'd that go?

    表現如何呢?

  • Did your pace change?

    你的朗讀速度改變了嗎?

  • Remember, the more you practice, the better your pace will be.

    別忘了練習越充分,你的語速就能調整得更好。

  • Want to learn more about how to improve your score on the TOEFL?

    想知道更多托福考高分的方法嗎?

  • Try our complete PrepScholar course at toefl.prepscholar.com.

    來 toefl.prepscholar.com 看看我們的完整課程。

  • And remember to subscribe to get our next lesson!

    也別忘了訂閱頻道,關注我們下一堂課!

Hi, this is Jackie.

大家好,我是 Jackie。

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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 口試 語速 回答 練習 托福 速度

英文口試時,我該講多快? (TOEFL Speaking Tips | The Ultimate Guide to Pace)

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    Jessieeee 發佈於 2019 年 04 月 18 日
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