Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • Hello.

  • Welcome back to engVid.

  • Today we have a writing lesson for you to transform your writing so that it becomes richer and more interesting to read.

  • Okay.

  • What are we talking about?

  • We're talking about personification today.

  • "Personification", let's just write it, there.

  • "Person", "fication" - that suffix means making into.

  • So, we're making into a person an object or a non-human thing.

  • For example: "The car.

  • The car screamed around the corner."

  • If I say: "The car screamed", I'm exaggerating the noise of the car.

  • It's obviously got a very powerful engine; slightly antisocial.

  • Okay?

  • "The car screamed around the corner."

  • It exaggerates how much of a hurry this car is in.

  • "The sun".

  • Okay?

  • Which one of these words do you think would go with "sun"?

  • Would the sun watch?

  • Not really.

  • So, it's either going to be a nice feeling, the sun - it's warming us; or it's too hot,

  • in which case it's going to be slightly unpleasant.

  • "The sun sat...

  • Sat up in the sky"?

  • Possibly.

  • "The sun spat" - no, that sounds more like rain than sunshine to me.

  • What about "glared"?

  • Okay?

  • It's looking and it's quite harmful, these rays.

  • "The sun glared out.

  • The sun glared out, shining its harmful UV rays into the person's skin."

  • Right.

  • "The house".

  • The house can either: "spit", "sit", or "watch".

  • What should we go for?

  • "The house spat out"?

  • No.

  • "The nightclub spat out the drunk", but I don't think we're going to have a house spitting.

  • It may be sitting, though.

  • "The house was perched; the house was sat on the top of the hill from which there was a fantastic view."

  • "The clock", "watched".

  • "The clock", "the clock".

  • Let's go for the ones that's easiest first; it's always a good exam technique - you go

  • what's...

  • Through what's easier first.

  • "The washing machine spat out the dirty clothes at the end of the cycle."

  • A "cycle" is a complete sort of revolution; it's a complete trip in the washing machine.

  • A trip in the washing machine?

  • You know what I mean.

  • It's when the clothes go in and it finishes.

  • That means we have: "The clock" and "watched".

  • "The clock watched the inhabitants of the house mournfully."

  • Okay?

  • "Mournfully" - an adverb to express sadness.

  • So, what are we doing here?

  • What we're doing is we're bringing to life these objects.

  • They're kind of turning into characters.

  • We don't say: "he" or "she" for objects, like you do in other languages, but we can use

  • personification to describe and give things more of a quality.

  • Let's have another go: "The washing machine _________ my change".

  • Okay?

  • So, a vending machine is something, you know, you put a coin in, get a can of Coke or get a chocolate bar, or something healthier.

  • Right?

  • I've put some money into the vending machine, and it's taken that money and not given me a can of Coke.

  • So, obviously that's quite annoying, so I want to turn this vending machine into an annoying person.

  • Okay?

  • So, what's going to be an annoying action?

  • I need to describe the swallowing of my change.

  • That's something a human could do; a human swallows.

  • Let's have that kind of idea, but I'm going to use: "gobbled up".

  • "The vending machine gobbled up my change."

  • Nasty vending machine.

  • Then what's it going to do?

  • "It..."

  • Hmm.

  • "It _________ at me as if it had not done anything wrong."

  • Okay?

  • So, I don't know about you, but when I'm a teacher and I look out to my class and I catch

  • someone doing something they shouldn't do, and they'll often go: "Mm, no.

  • I haven't done anything wrong."

  • Okay?

  • It's the same with this vending machine.

  • We're trying to turn them into a human being.

  • "It stared at me as if it had not done anything."

  • Obviously, the vending machine doesn't eyes...

  • Doesn't have eyes, but we're giving it a human characteristic.

  • I've got four examples, here, that I would like you to have a go at.

  • So, first of all: "shoe".

  • You're going to have to give this shoe either a good quality or a bad quality.

  • So, think: "Is this a nice shoe?

  • What kind of thing is the shoe doing?"

  • You're trying to give it an action.

  • Okay?

  • So, what is the shoe doing?

  • Is it doing something nice or doing something annoying?

  • You're going to be doing the same with the "hoover".

  • Okay?

  • "Hoover" - vacuum cleaner.

  • "Hoover" is quite an English word for "vacuum cleaner".

  • What's the hoover doing?

  • Think about the sound it might make.

  • Think about the size of it.

  • A "letter".

  • Is it a good letter or a bad letter?

  • Therefore, when it comes through the post box, what kind of action is it going to be doing?

  • "Key".

  • Does the key work or not?

  • I'm going to give you 35 seconds to give this a go.

  • So, you need a piece of paper and you need a pen.

  • I want you to create four sentences using personification right now, and then we'll

  • flip the board over and I'll show you what I did earlier.

  • Right.

  • I hope you came up with something good.

  • I hope you used your imagination.

  • I hope you gave the shoe, the hoover, the letter, the key a human characteristic and

  • you kind of brought them to life like they are characters in your story.

  • Okay.

  • My example is: "The new shoe bit into his tired feet, causing him agony."

  • So, it's like I'm making the shoe a shark, going: "Ar, ar, ar".

  • Okay?

  • It's like a, kind of, a nasty, aggressive dog.

  • "Bit": "Ar".

  • "...bite into his tired feet, causing him agony".

  • "Agony" is pain.

  • Just write that, there.

  • Second example: "The hoover roared", okay?

  • So, I know that's not a human action or a sound; it's actually what a lion does, but

  • it's still bringing a non-human object into life.

  • "The hoover roared into life".

  • Okay?

  • So, it...

  • Someone turned...

  • Pressed the "On" button.

  • It's much more interesting than saying: "Someone turned the hoover on."

  • Yeah?

  • "It roared into life".

  • "...domineering", this means sort of...

  • That's an informal word; "bossing".

  • Okay?

  • "The hoover roared into life, domineering the room"-dominating the room, becoming the

  • center of attention in the room-"like a proud king".

  • And here I've used a simile.

  • For more advice on how to do similes, check out Gill's video on similes.

  • "The hoover roared into life, domineering the room like a proud king."

  • Okay?

  • So, we've got personification and a simile there.

  • Third option: "The letter flew through the post box."

  • Can letters fly?

  • No, but I'm making them sound like a bird; and by doing so, I imagine the letter going

  • through the post box, and going: "Whew, whew, whew, whew".

  • It just helps me imagine it more-okay?-by using personification.

  • Fourth example: "The key, determined to annoy the driver, refused to open the door."

  • Okay.

  • So, we've got two verbs, here.

  • "Determined".

  • He was determined.

  • The key was determined.

  • This is actually the sub clause-okay?-because the sentence would make sense without it there.

  • I could just say: "The key refused to open the door", but I'm putting in a little bit

  • of extra information; I'm putting in that sub clause.

  • "Determined" - it's like saying that the key has got a brain; the key can make decisions.

  • Obviously it can't.

  • "The key, determined to annoy the driver,"-the person trying to drive the car-"refused to open the door".

  • Better than saying: "The key didn't work."

  • Okay?

  • Hope you've enjoyed.

  • What are you going to remember from today's lesson?

  • That you can take objects and you can kind of bring them to life by describing what they

  • do, and making it as if they are making decisions.

  • Don't do it all the time, but if you're writing a story, try to get a couple of uses of personification in there.

  • Until next time, stay well.

Hello.

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 英國腔

成為更好的作家:如何使用人稱化的方法 (Become a better writer: How to use personification)

  • 98 3
    Flora Hu 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
影片單字