字幕列表 影片播放 列印所有字幕 列印翻譯字幕 列印英文字幕 Hello, it's Crown. Today I'll help you understand English prepositions 哈囉我是滴妹，今天讓我們來搞懂英文的介系詞 Short as they are, prepositions are many people's nightmares 介系詞雖然短短的，但它卻是很多人的困擾 because they have different usages and meanings when collocating with different words 因為搭配不同的字，它會有不同的用法以及意思 Such flirty players 容易變心的花心大蘿蔔 Then what should we do? How to learn prepositions? 那要怎麼辦呢? 介系詞到底要怎麼學比較好? First of all, let's get clear on the definition of prepositions 首先，讓我們來認識一下介系詞到底是什麼 Prepositions describe relationships 介系詞是代表關係的字 After a preposition we'll put a noun, namely the object of the preposition 在後面我們會接上一個名詞，也就是介系詞受詞 The whole unit is called a prepositional phrase 那這一整個我們就叫他為介系詞片語 such as on the floor, in the room, beside the chair 比如說 on the floor, in the room, beside the chair on, in, beside are prepositions on, in, beside 就是介系詞 the floor, the room, and the chair are the objects of the prepositions 那 the floor, the room 跟 the chair 就是介系詞後面的受詞 If we put these prepositional phrases in a sentence 若是把這些介系詞片語放在一個句子裡面 they'll have different functions according to different positions 他就會依照放在不同的位置而有不同的作用 If it's after a noun, it's used as an adjective to modify the noun 如果是放在名詞後面，就是作為形容詞修飾名詞 the puppy on the floor the puppy on the floor If it's after a be verb, it's used as a complement to modify the noun 如果是放在 be 動詞後面，就是作為補語修飾名詞 The puppy is on the floor The puppy is on the floor If it's after a verb, it's used as an adverb to modify the verb 如果是放在動詞後面，就是做為副詞修飾動詞 The puppy sat on the floor The puppy sat on the floor Wherever the prepositional phrase is 不管是放在哪裡 it always describes the relationship of the words it modifies 介系詞片語都是在說明與被修飾者之間的關系 the puppy on the floor, the puppy is on the floor, the puppy sat on the floor 在地上的狗，狗在地上，狗坐在地上 Besides nouns, things that can "be used as nouns" 除了接名詞之外，代名詞，動名詞 like pronouns, gerunds and noun clauses, can be put after a preposition 名詞子句這些可以「作為名詞」的也可以接在介系詞後面 and be used as the object of the preposition to form a prepositional phrase 當作介系詞受詞而形成一個介系詞片語 such as "against me" 比如說 against me a preposition and a pronoun, me 介系詞加上代名詞 me "without stopping" without stopping a preposition and a gerund, stopping 介系詞加上動名詞 stopping "for what he has done" for what he has done a preposition and a noun clause, what he has done 介系詞加上名詞子句 what he has done There are many common prepositions including at, on, in, from 比較常見的介系詞有很多個，包含 at on in from ... ... by...with... by...with... ........ ........ to…...(Go on, not over yet, not over yet) to…... (繼續說阿，還有喔，還有喔) ........... ........... from.....? from.....? (You already said it!) Hahaha really? (你講過了！) 阿哈哈哈真的嗎？ at, on, in, from, to, for, of, with, by, etc. at on in from to for of with by 等 Prepositions have many different meanings when collocating with different words 而每一個介系詞跟不同的字搭配都會有很多種不同的意思 Today's video is mainly the basic introduction to prepositions 今天影片主要是介系詞的基本介紹 so we won't explain in detail what different meanings there are under different circumstances 所以不會一個一個詳細地說明在不同的狀況下會有什麼樣不同的意思 As for more detailed lessons, in the future 那詳細的教學，之後 ..... ..... Will we do it? (May...Maybe?) 可能會做嗎? (應...應該吧?) Today we're gonna talk about top 3 commonly seen prepositions: at, on, in 今天我們要來討論三個最常見的介系詞 at, on 跟 in and how they describe positions and time 以及他們會如何來點出位置以及時間的關係 These 3 are usually used to describe different kinds of places and time 這三個常常會用來描述各式各樣的時間地點關係 Although you can memorize their collocations one by one 雖然可以一個一個來去背該如何搭配 if you get the hang of prepositions, you can still infer some usages 但是如果你抓到介系詞的感覺，有些用法是可以推測出來的喔 Technically, at, on, in respectively indicates points, surfaces, and spaces 準確來說，at, on, in 有點，面，空間的屬性 Now let's see how to use at, on, in to describe positions and time 那我們就來看一下要如何使用 at, on, in 來描述位置跟時間 When these 3 are used to describe positions, "at" is for a point, "on" for a surface, and "in" for a space 這三個介系詞描述位置時 at 是一個點 on 是一個面 in 是一個空間 "At somewhere" indicates an exact point at 某地，就是確切的在那個點上 such as at the table, at the bus stop, at the store 比如說 at the table, at the bus stop, at the store 這些明確的地點 "On somewhere" indicates a surface On 某地，那是在一個接觸面上 such as on the second floor or on the street 比如說 on the second floor 或是 on the street 這一個面上 "In somewhere" indicates a space In 某地，就是在一個空間內 It can be big as a universe or small as a cup 可以大至宇宙也可以小至一個杯子 such as in the world, in the river, in the room 比如說 in the world, in the river, in the room But some places can be modified by different prepositions 不過有一些地點可以通用不同的介系詞 In such cases the meanings are a little different 意思上會有一點點微妙的差異 For example 我們來看一下一些例子 Beach 海灘, at or on? Beach 海灘 應該要用 at 還是 on? If it's "at the beach," it means the exact location, the beach 如果是 at the beach 就是在海灘的這個地點 If it's "on the beach," it means the surface of the beach 如果是用 on the beach 是在海灘上的這個範圍 Office 辦公室, at or in? Office 辦公室 應該要用 at 還是 in? If it's "at the office," it means the exact location, the office 如果是 at the office 是指在辦公室這個地點 If it's "in the office," it means inside the office 如果是 in the office 則是指辦公室裡面 Water 水, on or in? Water 水 應該要用 on 還是 in? If it's "on the water," it means upon the surface of the water 如果是 on the water 是指浮在水的表面上 If it's "in the water," it means inside the water 如果是用 in the water 是指在水裡面 You still with me? 大家還聽得懂嗎? All right? 還可以嗎? Is it too boring for you? 會不會太無聊? The following are simpler anyway 好接下來的比較沒有這麼複雜了 When we use these 3 prepositions to describe time 這三個介系詞在描述時間時 "At" indicates precise points in time at 是一個特定的時間點 "On" indicates certain days or dates on 則是特定的日子或是日期 "In" indicates long periods in 則是特定較長的時間 "At a certain time" emphasizes the moment when something happens At 某時間點，強調事情發生的那一刻 such as at noon, at 6 o'clock 比如說 at noon, at 6 o’clock "On a certain time" indicates specific dates On 某時間，表示特定日子或時間 such as on Friday, on April 1st, on Halloween 比如說 on Friday, on April 1st, on Halloween "In a certain time" describes a longer period of time In 某時段，是描述較長的一個時間內 such as in the morning, in September, in spring, in 2015 比如說 in the morning, in September, in spring, in 2015 Is that simpler? 有比較不複雜嗎? Here we have an interesting point in time, weekend 這裡有趣的一個時間點是 weekend Some say "at the weekend," "on the weekend," while others say "in the weekend" 有人說 at the weekend, on the weekend, 也有人說 in the weekend When you're not sure which preposition to use 當你不確定要使用哪一個介系詞時 I recommend you go to Google Ngram and check how most people use it 推薦你們使用 Google Ngram 看看大多數人是怎麼使用的 In Google Ngram, you can use commas to separate the collocations you want to compare 到了 Google Ngram 你可以用逗號來分開你想要比較的不同詞語搭配 The search engine will tell you which usage is more common 他會透過搜尋引擎告訴你比較起來，哪一個是比較常見的用法 Here we can tell "on the weekend" is the most common one 這裡我們看得出來，on the weekend 是最常用的 Alright! After all that explanation, do you have a better understanding of prepositions? 好！聽了這麼多，你是否對介系詞有更加了解了呢? Please say yes 拜託說有 If you like this video, please give me a thumbs up 如果你喜歡這個影片，請幫我點個讚 If you want to see more videos, please click here to subscribe 那如果你想要看到更多的影片，請按這邊的訂閱按鈕 We have new videos up every Mon and Thurs 我們每個禮拜一跟禮拜四都會有新的影片喔 We also have Facebook and Instagram 那我們在 Facebook 跟 Instagram 也都有帳號 You can find us by typing in Ray Du English 可以用 Ray Du English 來搜尋到我們 And that is a wrap, thank you guys for watching as always And that is a wrap, thank you guys for watching, as always and I'll catch you guys next time! See ya! and I’ll catch you guys next time! See ya!