A2 初級 美國腔 48 分類 收藏
meet Uncle Sam he has a lot of bills to pay
almost four trillion dollars worth every year
Uncle Sam's income is a little over two trillion dollars per year
to make up the difference the deficit he does what most Americans do
he borrows money, When uncle sam picks up a loan
he calls it a bond, Bonds can be held by banks
investors or even foreign governments uncle sam has to promise to pay interest
on these bonds just as you do on any loan you take out
ever think about paying your mortgage with your credit card?
that's exactly what Uncle Sam does he takes out new loans
new bonds so that he can make payments on the old ones
all those loans and especially over interest adds up
right now uncle sam ows about
14 trillion dollars to put that in perspective $14 trillion
is about the same as the national GDP the total value of all the goods and
produced by the American economy in an entire year it's such a huge amount of
the local same starting to run out of people to borrow from and he's having
just paying the interest on his loans the obvious
solution would be to either cut spending or increase taxes
but if it cut spending the people that he's spending money on
would complain that they don't have money to spend and that he was hurting
the economy
if he tried to raise taxes enough to close
this gap not only would people definitely have less money to spend
he probably have riots on a sense so
Uncle Sam chooses the easy way to make money just make it
he calls up the Federal Reserve which is our central bank
and like magic dollars are created and deposited in banks
all around america the problem is that the more something there is
the less it's worth same goes for the US dollar
the more dollars there are the less each one will buy
that's why commodities like gasoline
food and gold become more expensive when uncle Sam does his money making magic
the commodities aren't really worth more your money
is just worth less that's called
inflation remember the foreign governments
that lent money to uncle sam when they lent money to the american government
something interesting happened it made the us look richer
in their countries look poorer
when a country looks poor compared to america one dollar our money
buys a lot of their money so they can pay their workers
only a few pennies a day with such low labor costs
they can sell their products in america for lower prices
than any American manufacturer can I'll the easiest way for american companies
to compete
is to move their factories overseas and pay their workers
a few pennies a day to you this contributes to a recession
Americans lose their jobs stop paying taxes
and start collecting government benefits like Medicaid
and unemployment this means that Uncle Sam has even less income
and even more expenses at the same time the people who still have jobs
are desperate to keep them so they tend to do more work
but not to get paid anymore when your dollars are worth less
and you're not earning more them that's called stagflation
and this is why Uncle Sam's in a catch-22
he can't raise taxes or cut spending without making the recession worse
and he can't have the Federal Reserve create more money
without making inflation worse for now
he can keep borrowing money but since you can't even pay
the interest on the loans he already has it just makes his inevitable bankruptcy
even worse whether it's in two months or two years
the day will come when Uncle Sam can no longer pay his bills
when that happens the bank's investors
and foreign governments who are counting on that money will be able to pay their
you see just like Uncle Sam governments
banks and corporations don't actually have much money
mostly all they have is debt to each other
if one late in the day chain stops paying defaults
the whole thing falls apart if investors can't pay their bills
corporations will be able to pay their employees if banks
can't pay their bills you'll be able to take out a loan
use a credit card or even withdraw your savings
if foreign governments can't pay their bills their own banks and corporations
will have the same problems that's called
a Global Economic Collapse
it's never happened before so nobody really knows
how bad it will be how long it will last or even
how will eventually get out a bit the house of cards
has already been built there's no painless way to dismantle it now
all we can do is to educate each other but what's actually going on
and to prepare for what may be very extraordinary


美利堅合眾國的債務危機2018年以簡化的方式解釋 (Debt Crisis of United States of America 2018 Explained in a Simplified Way)

48 分類 收藏
王惟惟 發佈於 2018 年 11 月 29 日
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