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  • Have you ever taken a minute to gaze up at the clouds?

    你花時間看過上方的雲嗎?

  • You might see a dog, a dinosaur,

    你或許會看見一條狗,一隻恐龍

  • or your data?

    或是你的資料?

  • Okay, your data isn't actually stored in a cloud in the sky,

    好啦,你的資料不是真的存在天上的雲裡

  • but it's easy to think so when there's so much talk about cloud computing.

    但是當提到雲端運算時,很難不這樣想

  • So how does the cloud work?

    所以雲端是怎麼運作的?

  • The cloud is a global network of servers around the world acting as one massive hard drive.

    雲端是一個巨大的硬碟,由世界各地的網路伺服器匯集而成的一個全球網絡

  • Every time you sign into your Gmail account, watch a show on Netflix

    每當你登入你的 Gmail 帳號、在 Netflix 看劇

  • or open a file from Dropbox, you're using the cloud.

    或是開啟 Dropbox 的檔案,都是在使用雲端

  • Before the cloud, you might have backed up your documents, photos or music

    在雲端出現以前,你可能曾經把你的文件、照片或是音樂備份到

  • to an external device like a CD-ROM or to your computer's hard drive.

    一個像是 CD-ROM 的外接設備,或是到你電腦的硬碟

  • Now, you can back-up all of that information to the cloud.

    現在,你可以將所有的資料都備份到雲端

  • When I back-up my iPhone to the cloud, my files are sent to servers in Apple's data centers all around the world.

    當我將我的 iPhone 備份到雲端,我的檔案會被傳送到世界各地的 Apple 資料中心伺服器

  • I can access those servers by connecting to the internet.

    只要連上網,我就能使用那些伺服器

  • So even if I lose or break my phone, not that it's ever happened before, that data isn't lost forever.

    所以要是我弄丟或是用壞了我的手機,不是說真的發生過啦,資料也不會一去不復返

  • There are a few obvious benefits to consumers from the cloud

    除了讓你在用丟手機時能夠心安

  • besides giving you peace of mind if you lose your phone.

    使用雲端還有許多其他明顯的益處

  • You can access your data anytime, anywhere if you're connected to the internet.

    只要連上網路,你隨時隨地能取得你的資料

  • And you don't have to worry about using up all of the storage on your hard drive.

    而且你不必擔心會用光硬碟的所有空間

  • Meaning you might not have to pay as much for a device that comes with a ton of storage.

    意味著你或許就不用花較多的錢買容量較大的產品

  • Businesses are also benefiting big time from cloud computing.

    企業也從雲端演算獲得了許多好處

  • It's estimated worldwide revenue from the cloud will exceed $200 billion in 2019,

    據估計,在 2019 年來自雲端的全球收益將超過 2000 億美金

  • that's up from $145 billion just two years ago.

    短短兩年前才只有 1450 億美金

  • You've probably heard of the two biggest names in the market,

    你或許已經聽過了市場上最大的兩個品牌

  • Amazon Web Services, known as AWS, and Microsoft Azure.

    亞馬遜網路服務公司,也就是 AWS,和 Microsoft Azure

  • IBM, Google and Alibaba are also big players when it comes to providing cloud services.

    IBM、Google 和阿里巴巴同樣是雲端服務市場的幾大競爭者

  • It's not just big tech moving business into the cloud.

    科技不只是將企業移轉至雲端

  • Smaller companies are buying in too as a way to grow their businesses.

    較小的公司也在買進雲端用以擴展他們的企業

  • Just think, instead of having to buy all of this hardware to backup your data,

    想想看,比起購買這些硬碟用來備份你的資料

  • you can store an unlimited amount of information online.

    你在網路上就可以有無限量的儲存空間

  • Many cloud services are based on a subscription pricing model.

    許多雲端服務是建立在訂閱定價方案

  • That means customers pay, for example, a monthly fee for cloud services

    意思是,舉例來說,用戶付月費使用雲端服務

  • and they can scale up or down as needed. And cloud providers are cashing in.

    而且可以依照需求按比例增加或是減少。如此一來雲端提供者就在賺錢

  • AWS accounts for roughly 12 percent of Amazon's quarterly sales,

    AWS 約佔了亞馬遜一季銷售的 12%

  • but it generates more than half of the company's operating income.

    但是卻帶給該公司過半的營運收入

  • Before we get too excited about the cloud, let's take a step back and look at some of the risks.

    先別對雲端太過興奮,我們退後一步來看看一些風險

  • One obvious concern, if all of our data is online, what happens when the internet goes down?

    一個明顯的憂患,如果我們所有的資料都在網上,網路崩解時會發生什麼事?

  • That's what happened in 2013 when an AWS outage took down Instagram, Vine and Airbnb.

    那在 2013 年發生過,當時 AWS 的一個儲運損耗波及了 Instagram、Vine 和 Airbnb

  • Cyber attacks are another big risk with research showing

    網路攻擊也是另一大風險,研究顯示

  • around one-fifth of all files in the cloud contain sensitive data.

    雲端中約有五分之一的檔案屬於敏感資料

  • Finally, it can be tough for consumers and businesses to switch between different cloud companies.

    還有就是消費者和企業很難切換至不同的雲端公司

  • I might have a hard time syncing my iCloud and Google Drive accounts.

    我要把我的 iCloud 和 Google Drive 帳號同步或許會很困難

  • That can give some big companies, that are already making big money on the cloud,

    那會讓一些已經在雲端賺進大把鈔票的大公司

  • a lot of power over our data.

    擁有更多權力掌握我們的資料

  • Hey everyone, it's Elizabeth. Thanks so much for watching.

    嗨大家,我是伊麗莎白。謝謝你的收看

  • Let us know if you have any other ideas for CNBC Explains and leave any ideas in the comments section.

    若是你有其他有關我們節目的點子,歡迎在底下留言讓我們知道

  • Be sure to check out all of our other videos over here.

    記得去看看我們這裡其他的影片

  • See you later!

    下次見!

Have you ever taken a minute to gaze up at the clouds?

你花時間看過上方的雲嗎?

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什麼是雲?| 雲是什麼? (What is the cloud? | CNBC Explains)

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    April Lu 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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