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  • Psychologists know that there are two systems in our brains:

    心理學家已知我們的大腦中有兩種系統:

  • the rational system, and the emotional system.

    理性的系統,以及情感的系統。

  • Jonathan Haidt, who's a psychologist at NYU, came up with a great analogy for these two systems.

    紐約大學的心理學家喬納森.海伊特為這兩種系統想出一個很棒的比擬。

  • He said, "Think of your brain as a human rider atop an elephant."

    他說:「把你的大腦想成有一位騎士在大象上。」

  • The rider represents the rational system.

    騎士代表理性的系統。

  • That's the part of us that plans and problem solves.

    那是我們用來計畫及解決問題的部分。

  • The rider might do some analyzing and decide, "Hey I want to go that way."

    騎士可能會做些分析然後決定:「啊,我想去那邊。」

  • But it's the elephant representing the emotional system that provides the power for the journey.

    但旅行的動力是由代表情感系統的大象來提供。

  • The rider can try to lead the elephant, or drag the elephant,

    騎士可以試著引導大象,或拖著大象前進。

  • but if these two ever disagree, who would you bet on?

    但如果騎士與大象意見相左時,你覺得會是誰獲勝呢?

  • The elephant has a six-ton weight advantage,

    大象的優勢是重達六噸的體重,

  • and it's exactly that power imbalance that makes adopting new behaviors very hard.

    而正是力量的不平衡,讓養成新行為變得非常困難。

  • If you want this duo to head a new direction, you also need to think about the path, which represents the external environment.

    如果你想讓這對搭檔前往新方向,你也須思考路徑,這代表了外在的環境。

  • This duo is more likely to complete a journey if you can shorten the distance and remove any obstacles in their way.

    如果你可以縮短路程,移除路上所有的障礙物,這對搭檔比較有可能完成這趟旅程。

  • So, bottom line, if you want to lead change, you've got to do three things.

    所以,最重要的是,如果你想領導變革,有三件事你必須要做。

  • Give direction to the rider; knowledge of how to get to the destination.

    給騎士方向;如何到達終點的知識。

  • You've got to motivate the elephant, which means tapping into emotion.

    你必須激勵大象,這表示要昇華情感的層面。

  • And finally, you need to shape the path to allow for easy progress.

    最後,你必須形塑出路徑,讓過程變得更容易。

  • That's how change happens.

    改變就是這麼發生的。

Psychologists know that there are two systems in our brains:

心理學家已知我們的大腦中有兩種系統:

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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 大象 騎士 搭檔 情感 心理學家 路徑

大象、騎手和道路--行為改變的故事。 (The Elephant, The Rider and the Path - A Tale of Behavior Change)

  • 113 8
    Samuel 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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