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  • Stop to buy bread from the supermarket.

    停下來去超市買麵包。

  • Stop buying bread from the supermarket!

    不要再買超市裡的麵包了!

  • Do these two sentences have the same meaning?

    這兩句話的意思一樣嗎?

  • No and in this lesson I'll show you why.

    不,在這節課上我會告訴你為什麼。

  • Hello I'm Emma from mmmEnglish.

    你好,我是來自mmmEnglish的Emma。

  • Today I'm going to show you how verb patterns

    今天我就來告訴大家動詞模式是如何的

  • can affect the meaning of sentences in English.

    會影響英語中句子的意思。

  • You see, a verb followed by a gerund

    你看,一個動詞後面跟著一個動名詞。

  • can have a completely different meaning

    殊途同歸

  • than if the same verb is followed by an infinitive verb.

    比如果同一個動詞後面是不定式動詞。

  • Wow wow wow wow wow wow wow!

    哇哇哇哇哇哇哇哇哇!

  • What's a gerund?

    什麼是動詞?

  • A gerund looks like a verb but it's actually a noun.

    狀元詞看起來像動詞,但它實際上是一個名詞。

  • It's formed by adding -ing to the end

    它是由在結尾處添加-ing形成的

  • of the base form of the verb.

    的基礎形式的動詞。

  • So a gerund is the base form with -ing.

    所以動詞是帶-ing的基本形式。

  • 'listen' plus -ing

    '聽'字頭

  • Listening to music helps me relax.

    聽音樂可以幫助我放鬆。

  • This lesson right here will explain gerunds

    這節課就在這裡解釋一下狀語詞

  • for you in much more detail.

    為你更詳細的介紹。

  • But the infinitive is the base form of the verb.

    但不定式是動詞的基本形式。

  • But there are two types of infinitives in English.

    但英語中的不定式有兩種類型。

  • The to-infinitive which is

    的to-infinitive,即

  • the verb with 'to'.

    帶'到'的動詞。

  • 'to listen'

    '聽'

  • I prefer not to listen to music when I'm working.

    我喜歡在工作的時候不聽音樂。

  • But there's also the zero infinitive or the base form.

    但也有零不定式或基式。

  • So that's the verb without 'to'.

    所以這就是沒有'到'的動詞。

  • Please listen carefully to my instructions.

    請認真聽我的訓示。

  • Today we're focusing on the to-infinitive

    今天,我們關注的是to-infinitive的

  • so the verb with 'to'

    所以,帶 "到 "的動詞

  • and there are many, many verbs in English

    而且英語中還有很多很多動詞。

  • that can be followed either by a gerund

    後面可以跟一個動名詞。

  • or the to-infinitive.

    或to-infinitive。

  • Now you may hear this called a verb pattern,

    現在你可能會聽到這個叫動詞模式。

  • when two verbs appear together in a sentence.

    當兩個動詞一起出現在句子中時。

  • Some verbs completely change meaning when they're

    有些動詞在被動詞時完全改變了意義。

  • followed by either a gerund or the to-infinitive.

    後面跟的是動詞或to-infinitive。

  • So back to today's big question.

    那麼回到今天的大問題。

  • What's the difference between 'stop buying bread'

    "停止購買麵包 "有什麼區別?

  • and 'stop to buy bread'?

    和'停車買麵包'?

  • Well 'stop' with a gerund means to quit an action.

    'stop'這個動詞的意思是停止行動。

  • Stop buying bread from the supermarket.

    不要再買超市裡的麵包了。

  • It's an order

    這是一個命令

  • to never buy bread again from the supermarket.

    再也不在超市買麵包了。

  • Maybe the bread is too expensive or it's not good quality

    可能是麵包太貴了,也可能是麵包品質不好

  • but whatever the reason,

    但不管是什麼原因,

  • 'stop buying bread from the supermarket' means

    '不要再買超市的麵包'是指

  • don't buy bread there anymore.

    不要再在那裡買麵包了。

  • Since we're talking about completely quitting an action,

    既然我們說的是完全退出一個動作。

  • this is also the form that you should use

    這也是你應該使用的形式

  • when you're talking about addictions or bad habits.

    當你在談論成癮或壞習慣的時候。

  • Stop smoking cigarettes, it's bad for your health!

    別再抽菸了,對身體不好!

  • I wish you'd stop biting your nails, it's gross!

    我希望你不要再咬指甲了,太噁心了!

  • Do you have a bad habit that you know you should

    你是否有一個壞習慣,你知道你應該...。

  • stop doing?

    不做了?

  • Write a sentence about it in the comments below.

    在下面的評論中寫一句話。

  • Make sure you use the gerund form, right?

    確保你用的是狀語形式,對吧?

  • Okay so there's a quick ad break right now,

    好吧,所以有一個快速的廣告休息現在。

  • just enough time for you to write your sentence

    足夠的時間讓你寫出你的句子

  • before we move on to 'stop' with the infinitive form.

    在我們用不定式繼續 "停 "之前。

  • 'stop' with the to-infinitive means to pause

    '停'與to-infinitive的意思是停頓

  • or leave one action to do another.

    或離開一個動作去做另一個動作。

  • Stop to buy bread from the supermarket.

    停下來去超市買麵包。

  • So this is also an order or an instruction but it's

    所以,這也是一個命令或指令,但它是。

  • to stop at the supermarket as you go past

    在你經過超市時,在超市停下。

  • and get some bread.

    並得到一些麵包。

  • So you stop the action of walking or driving by.

    所以你停止了走路或開車經過的動作。

  • You interrupt that action

    你打斷了這個動作

  • to go and buy some bread from the supermarket

    去超市買些麵包。

  • but then you would continue back on your journey.

    但隨後你會繼續回到你的旅程。

  • So let's talk about a few more examples.

    那麼我們再來談談幾個例子。

  • Make sure you stop to talk to Sara

    你一定要停下來和Sara談談

  • before you leave work today,

    在你今天下班前。

  • she's got something important to tell you.

    她有一些重要的事情要告訴你。

  • I worked all day, I didn't even stop to eat lunch!

    我工作了一天,連午飯都沒吃

  • Okay, great!

    好的,太好了!

  • So 'stop' followed by a gerund

    所以 "停 "後面是動詞。

  • has a completely different meaning

    殊途同歸

  • to 'stop' followed by the to-infinitive.

    到'停止'後,再加上to-infinitive。

  • Now do all verbs change meaning when

    現在所有的動詞都會在

  • they're followed by a gerund or an infinitive?

    他們後面是動詞還是不定式?

  • That's a good question but the answer is no.

    這是一個好問題,但答案是否定的。

  • Some verbs keep the same meaning

    有些動詞的意思不變

  • if they're followed by a gerund or the to-infinitive.

    如果它們後面是動詞或to-infinitive。

  • Let's take a look at the word 'start'.

    我們來看看 "開始 "這個詞。

  • We start eating dinner at seven.

    我們七點開始吃晚飯。

  • We start to eat dinner at seven.

    我們七點開始吃晚飯。

  • Is there a big difference in meaning

    意思是否有很大的不同

  • between these two sentences?

    這兩句之間?

  • Nope.

    不對

  • So how do you know which verbs change meaning

    那麼,你怎麼知道哪些動詞會改變意思呢?

  • when followed by a gerund or an infinitive?

    當後面跟的是狀語或不定式時?

  • Now the answer is not as simple as you want it to be.

    現在的答案並不是你想的那麼簡單。

  • You need to learn them.

    你需要學習他們。

  • You need to study, get familiar with different

    你需要學習,熟悉不同的

  • verb patterns and practise using them.

    動詞模式並練習使用。

  • The more you see and use these verb patterns,

    你越是看到和使用這些動詞模式。

  • the more naturally you'll start to use them.

    你就會越自然地開始使用它們。

  • But to get you started I've got some more

    但為了讓你開始,我有一些更多的。

  • common verbs and their meanings

    常見動詞及其含義

  • when they're followed by a gerund or an infinitive verb.

    當它們後面跟著一個狀語或不定式動詞時。

  • So don't stop watching,

    所以不要停止觀看。

  • it's just getting interesting!

    越來越有趣了

  • Forget.

    算了吧

  • I'll never forget watching my first horror movie...

    我永遠不會忘記看我的第一部恐怖片... ...

  • Don't forget to watch the news tonight!

    今晚別忘了看新聞!

  • Do these verb patterns have the same meaning?

    這些動詞模式的含義相同嗎?

  • No, not at all!

    不,一點也不!

  • 'forget' with a gerund means to look back

    忘卻

  • at past memories.

    在過去的記憶中。

  • I'll never forget watching my first horror movie...

    我永遠不會忘記看我的第一部恐怖片... ...

  • I was so scared that I couldn't sleep for weeks!

    我嚇得幾個星期都睡不著覺!

  • I wish I could forget falling down the stairs

    我希望我可以忘記從樓梯上摔下來的事

  • in front of the whole school.

    當著全校師生的面。

  • So let's try this together,

    那我們就一起試試吧。

  • do you have an embarrassing memory that you wish

    你有一個尷尬的記憶,你希望。

  • you could forget?

    你能忘記嗎?

  • Write a sentence in the comments below

    在下面的評論中寫一句話

  • so that I can check it for you.

    這樣我就可以幫你檢查。

  • Now 'forget' with the to-infinitive is used

    現在用'忘記'加to-infinitive來表示

  • to give a reminder to someone,

    給人提醒。

  • to make sure that they do something,

    以確保他們有所作為。

  • that they don't forget.

    他們不會忘記。

  • Don't forget to watch the news tonight!

    今晚別忘了看新聞!

  • I was interviewed on the main street today,

    今天我在大街上接受了採訪。

  • so I don't want you to miss it!

    所以我不想讓你錯過!

  • Don't forget to bring your tickets,

    不要忘了帶票。

  • otherwise, they won't let you in to the show!

    否則,他們不會讓你進場!

  • Remember.

    記住:

  • Do you remember dancing with me on our first date?

    你還記得我們第一次約會時和我跳舞嗎?

  • Remember to take lots of pictures on your trip.

    記得在旅行中多拍些照片。

  • Do you notice any similarities between

    你是否注意到這兩者之間有任何相似之處?

  • 'forget' and 'remember'?

    '忘記'和'記住'?

  • 'remember' with a gerund is used to talk about

    憶 "字頭,是指

  • is used to talk about a memory.

    是用來談論一段記憶的。

  • What do you remember about your first date?

    你還記得你們第一次約會的情況嗎?

  • I remember eating ribs covered in

    我記得我吃排骨的時候

  • sticky sauce with my hands!

    粘醬用我的手!

  • Thanks Shah!

    謝謝你,沙阿!

  • It was really awkward I had sticky stuff

    真的很尷尬,我有粘性的東西。

  • coming all the way down my arms.

    從我的手臂上一路走來。

  • Gross!

    噁心!

  • What do you remember about your first date?

    你還記得你們第一次約會的情況嗎?

  • Write it in the comments.

    寫在評論裡。

  • Now remember with the to-infinitive

    現在記住與to-infinitive

  • is used to talk about something

    談到

  • that someone needs to do to remind them

    需要有人提醒他們

  • to do something.

    做一些事情。

  • Remember to whisk the eggs before adding the sugar.

    記得在加入糖之前,先把雞蛋打散。

  • Remember to turn at the intersection,

    記得在十字路口轉彎。

  • otherwise, you'll get stuck on a one-way road.

    否則,你會被卡在單行道上。

  • Regret.

    遺憾。

  • The verb 'regret' with a gerund is used to talk about

    帶狀語的動詞'後悔'用於談論的是

  • something that you did in the past,

    你過去做過的事情。

  • that you aren't happy about anymore.

    你不高興了。

  • You know, decisions that you made in the past that you

    你知道,你過去所做的決定,你...

  • wish you didn't make.

    希望你不要做。

  • When you wish you could go back in time

    當你希望你能回到過去

  • and change those actions.

    並改變這些行動。

  • He regretted yelling at her as soon as she walked away.

    她一走,他就後悔對她大吼大叫。

  • He woke up with a pounding headache and immediately

    他醒來後,頭痛欲裂,立即

  • regretted drinking so much the night before.

    後悔前一天晚上喝了那麼多酒。

  • What do you wish you could go back in time and change

    你希望你能回到過去,改變什麼?

  • Can you write a sentence about it?

    你能寫一句話嗎?

  • Add it to the comments.

    添加到評論中。

  • Now 'regret' with the to-infinitive

    現在'後悔'與to-infinitive。

  • is used to tell someone bad news

    噩耗

  • or something that they don't want to hear.

    或他們不想聽到的東西。

  • And this verb pattern is really formal language.

    而這種動詞模式真的是形式語言。

  • And it's always followed by bad news.

    而它的後面總是跟著一個壞消息。

  • So these are the words that you don't want to hear

    所以這些話是你不想聽到的。

  • after a job interview.

    面試後,。

  • I regret to say that I wasn't impressed

    我很遺憾地說,我沒有留下深刻的印象

  • by the performance.

    由性能。

  • We regret to inform you that you have ten days left

    我們很遺憾地通知你,你還有十天的時間。

  • to pay the account, otherwise, we'll close it.

    支付帳戶,否則,我們將關閉它。

  • Mean.

    意思是:

  • We missed our bus which meant waiting six

    我們錯過了我們的車,這意味著等待六

  • hours until the next one.

    小時,直到下一個。

  • Did you mean to miss the meeting this morning?

    你是想錯過今天上午的會議嗎?

  • So when 'mean' is followed by a gerund,

    所以,當'意思'後面是狀語時。

  • it's used to talk about

    它是用來談論

  • what the response or the result of something is.

    事情的反應或結果是什麼。

  • Make sure you bring your jacket or it will mean getting

    確保你帶著你的外套,否則將意味著得到

  • really wet and cold.

    真的又溼又冷。

  • Visiting my sister in London means spending

    去倫敦看望我的妹妹意味著要花

  • eight hours on a plane.

    八小時的飛機上。

  • 'mean' with the to-infinitive is used

    '意思是'與to-infinitive一起使用。

  • when you intend or you plan to do something.

    當你打算或你計劃做某事時。

  • So when it's used in the past tense,

    所以當它用在過去式的時候。

  • this verb is especially useful for excuses.

    這個動詞對藉口特別有用。

  • I meant to call you last night, but I totally forgot!

    我昨晚本想給你打電話的,但我完全忘了!

  • She meant to put sugar in your coffee,

    她的意思是在你的咖啡裡放糖

  • but she accidentally added salt.

    但她不小心加了鹽。

  • So now that you've had plenty of practice

    所以,現在你已經有了很多的做法

  • with gerunds and infinitives,

    與動詞和不定式。

  • it's time to move on to a new lesson.

    該上新課了。

  • Don't stop watching yet.

    先不要停止觀看。

  • Try these lessons right here

    試試這裡的課程

  • and remember to subscribe to my channel

    並記得訂閱我的頻道

  • just down here and don't forget

    就在這裡,不要忘記

  • to share this video using the share button

    使用分享按鈕分享此視頻

  • just down there.

    就在那裡。

  • See you in the next lesson!

    下節課見!

Stop to buy bread from the supermarket.

停下來去超市買麵包。

字幕與單字
自動翻譯

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 中文 英國腔 多益 動詞 麵包 超市 不定式 形式

如何使用動名詞和不定詞? (How to use GERUNDS and INFINITIVES | Confusing English Grammar)

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    Emily 發佈於 2018 年 11 月 05 日
影片單字