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  • Hi Bob the Canadian here.

    嗨,我是加拿大人鮑勃。

  • Sometimes in English you need to be able to tell someone what to do.

    有時在英語中,你需要能夠告訴別人該怎麼做。

  • This verb form is called the imperative, and in this video we're going to look at 10 ways

    這種動詞形式被稱為命令狀語,在這個視頻中,我們要看看10種方式。

  • to use the verb, "to be" in its imperative form.

    要用動詞,"被 "的賓語形式。

  • 1. Be careful!

    1.小心!

  • You can say, "Be careful!" to someone if they are doing something dangerous.

    如果有人在做危險的事情,你可以對他說:"小心!"。

  • Imagine you and a friend are mountain climbing, and as your friend climbs above you, you see

    想象一下,你和朋友在爬山,當你的朋友爬到你的上方時,你會看到

  • that he is in a dangerous situation.

    他現在的處境很危險

  • You could say, using the imperative:

    你可以說,用的是定語。

  • Be careful!

    小心點!

  • Be careful up there Dave.

    小心點,戴夫

  • You might slip.

    你可能會滑倒。

  • Be careful Dave.

    小心點,戴夫

  • It looks dangerous up there.

    上面看起來很危險

  • 2. Be quiet.

    2.安靜點

  • Imagine you are driving in a van and you have a bunch of your children in the back if you

    想象一下,你開著一輛麵包車,後面有一群孩子,如果你

  • have children and they are being loud.

    有孩子,他們很吵。

  • You could use the imperative phrase, "Be quiet!" to tell them that they are being too loud

    你可以用 "安靜點!"這樣的命令性短語來告訴他們,他們太吵了。

  • and you would like them to quiet down.

    你想讓他們安靜下來

  • Be quiet kids!

    安靜,孩子們!

  • I'm trying to concentrate on my driving.

    我想專心開車。

  • Be quiet kids!

    安靜,孩子們!

  • It's too loud in here.

    這裡太吵了

  • 3. Be prepared.

    3.3. 做好準備。

  • Let's imagine that a storm is approaching and you are listening to the news.

    讓我們想象一下,一場風暴即將來臨,你正在收聽新聞。

  • On the news the news anchor may say: Be prepared!

    在新聞中,新聞主播可能會說。準備好!

  • A storm is coming.

    暴風雨就要來了。

  • Be prepared people!

    大家做好準備!

  • High winds are imminent.

    大風即將來臨。

  • Be prepared!

    有備無患

  • A storm will arrive soon.

    一場暴風雨很快就會到來。

  • And this is the imperative form of "to be" with the word prepared.

    而這是 "要 "字與 "備 "字的賓語形式。

  • Letting you know that you should make sure you have food, candles, and other things you

    讓你知道,你應該確保你有食物,蠟燭,和其他的東西,你

  • may need in the event of a disaster.

    在發生災害時可能需要。

  • Be prepared!

    有備無患

  • 4. Be happy!

    4.開心點!

  • You might know the song, "Don't worry.

    你可能知道《別擔心》這首歌。

  • Be happy!"

    開心點!"

  • And this song actually uses two sentences in the imperative.

    而這首曲子居然用了兩句御用詞。

  • The first is the negative form, "Don't worry."

    第一種是消極形式,"別擔心"。

  • and the second is the affirmative form, "Be happy!"

    而第二種是肯定的形式,"要快樂!"。

  • And basically it is telling you that you should set aside your worries in life, don't think

    基本上就是告訴你,你應該放下生活中的煩惱,不要去想什麼

  • about your problems, and just try to be happy.

    關於你的問題,並只是嘗試快樂。

  • Don't worry.

    別擔心

  • Be happy!

    開心點

  • 5. Don't be late.

    5.不要遲到。

  • So I've switched over to using the negative form of the imperative.

    所以我改用了否定式的御用詞。

  • In the affirmative form we say things like, "Be happy!".

    在肯定的形式下,我們會說:"要快樂!"等話。

  • In the negative form we say things with, "Don't" in front.

    在消極的形式下,我們說事情的時候,前面會有,"不要"。

  • So we would say things like, "Don't be late."

    所以我們會說,"不要遲到 "之類的話。

  • So imagine you are a teacher and you and your students are going to go on a trip.

    所以,想象你是一名老師,你和你的學生要去旅行。

  • You would say to your students:

    你會對你的學生說。

  • Don't be late tomorrow morning.

    明天早上不要遲到。

  • We are leaving at 7am.

    我們早上7點出發

  • Don't be late because the bus will not wait for you.

    不要遲到,因為公車不會等你。

  • Don't be late.

    不要遲到。

  • 6. Don't be mean.

    6.不要吝嗇。

  • You might be talking with a brother or sister and maybe it's turning into an argument and

    你可能會和兄弟或姐妹哈拉,也許會變成一場爭吵,而。

  • one of you is starting to get angry and saying words that they should not say.

    你們中的一個人開始生氣了,說出了不該說的話。

  • You could say:

    你可以說:

  • Don't be mean.

    別這麼刻薄

  • Don't be mean to me when you talk.

    你說話的時候不要對我凶。

  • And this is again the negative form of the imperative and you're indicating to the person

    而這又是否定形式的命令,你是在向人表明... ...

  • that you would prefer that they are kind to you.

    你寧願他們對你好。

  • Don't be mean.

    別這麼刻薄

  • Let's keep this argument civil.

    讓我們保持文明的爭論。

  • Don't be mean.

    別這麼刻薄

  • 7. Don't be afraid.

    7.7、不要害怕。

  • Imagine you're walking with a small child and it's nighttime.

    想象一下,你和一個小孩子一起走,現在是晚上。

  • And it's kind of dark outside.

    而且外面有點黑。

  • You would say to the child:

    你會對孩子說。

  • Don't be afraid.

    不要害怕

  • I am here with you.

    我在這裡和你一起。

  • Don't be afraid.

    不要害怕

  • I will hold your hand.

    我將握住你的手。

  • And in this way you use the imperative to indicate to the child how they should be feeling.

    而你用這種方式向孩子表明他們應該有怎樣的感受。

  • It won't necessarily stop them from being afraid, but it might assure them that you

    這不一定能讓他們不再害怕,但可以讓他們確信,你...

  • are watching over them.

    正在看著他們。

  • Don't be afraid.

    不要害怕

  • 8. Don't be difficult.

    8.不要為難。

  • Sometimes when having a small argument with a friend who you know really well, you might

    有時候,當和一個你非常熟悉的朋友發生小爭執時,你可能會

  • say to them:

    對他們說。

  • Don't be difficult.

    別為難。

  • If they are making the argument somewhat uncomfortable for you.

    如果他們的爭論讓你有些不舒服。

  • You would need to know the person well to make this statement.

    你需要很瞭解這個人,才會有這樣的說法。

  • But let's say for instance a friend was bugging me, or making fun of me about something.

    但比如說朋友在煩我,或者取笑我什麼。

  • I could say to them:

    我可以對他們說

  • Dave, don't be difficult.

    戴夫,別這麼難纏

  • Let's try to resolve this nicely.

    讓我們試著好好解決這個問題。

  • 9. Don't be an idiot.

    9.不要做一個白痴。

  • Please don't ever say this sentence to someone, but you should know what this sentence is.

    請千萬不要對別人說這句話,但你應該知道這句話是什麼。

  • Sometimes when you are watching a TV show or a movie you will hear someone say something

    有時候,當你在看電視節目或電影時,你會聽到有人說些什麼。

  • like:

    喜歡。

  • Don't be an idiot.

    別傻了

  • And basically what this means is they think the person is acting in a way where they are

    基本上,這意味著他們認為這個人的行為方式,他們是

  • showing that they are not intelligent.

    顯示他們並不聰明。

  • And so they would say in derogatory way, it is a bit of an insult:

    所以他們會用貶義的方式說,這是一種侮辱。

  • Don't be an idiot.

    別傻了

  • Again, please don't use this sentence yourself.

    再次,請不要自己用這句話。

  • This is only so you will recognize it.

    這只是為了讓你認識它。

  • But the phrase, "Don't be an idiot." is something you will hear sometimes in English.

    但在英語中有時會聽到這樣一句話:"Don't be an idiot."。

  • 10. Let's be kind to each other.

    10.讓我們互相善待。

  • So this is the form of the imperative that includes the person who is speaking.

    所以這就是包括說話人在內的命令形式。

  • When we use, "Let's" in front of an imperative sentence it means that I myself as the speaker

    當我們把 "Let's "用在命令句前面時,意味著我自己作為說話人。

  • am included in the command.

    包括在命令中。

  • So if I say:

    所以如果我說:

  • Let's be kind to each other.

    讓我們互相善待。

  • It means that myself and the other people that I am talking to will all attempt to be

    這意味著,我自己和其他與我交談的人都會試圖成為。

  • kind to each other in the conversation.

    在談話中,彼此都很友善。

  • Let's be kind to each other.

    讓我們互相善待。

  • Those are actually good words for everyone around the world.

    這些話其實對全世界的人來說都是好話。

  • Well that's 10 ways to use the verb, "to be" in the imperative.

    好了,這是10種方式來使用動詞,"被 "的御用詞。

  • Bob the Canadian here.

    我是加拿大人鮑勃

  • Learn English with Bob the Canadian.

    跟加拿大人Bob學習英語。

  • Thank you once again for watching if you don't mind hitting the like button below, the thumb's

    再次感謝您的觀看,如果您不介意點擊下方的點贊按鈕,大拇指的。

  • up button that would be awesome for me, and if you haven't yet subscribed to my channel,

    了按鈕,將是真棒我,如果你還沒有訂閱我的頻道。

  • please subscribe.

    請訂閱。

  • I make video lesson once or twice per week just to help you learn English.

    我每週製作一到兩次視頻課程,只為幫助你學習英語。

  • Have a great day.

    有一個偉大的一天。

Hi Bob the Canadian here.

嗨,我是加拿大人鮑勃。

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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 形式 遲到 想象 命令 善待 動詞

練習英文祈使動詞中 to be 的 10 種用法 (Learn 10 Ways to Use the English Verb "To be" in the Imperative)

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    Samuel 發佈於 2018 年 10 月 18 日
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