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  • In an age where your phone can scan your face and buttons are becoming obsolete,

    在一個手機可以掃描臉、按鈕變得過時的時代,

  • who thinks of writing anything by hand anymore?

    誰還會想用手寫東西?

  • I know it feels archaic to pick up a pencil made of wood and use, ugh, lead, but writing down your

    我知道拿起一支木製的筆然後用呃... 筆芯... 會讓人覺得過時,但抄寫筆記

  • notes could help you pass your classes.

    可以幫你通過許多課程

  • Note-taking is very difficult.

    寫筆記很難

  • You have to listen, understand, and transcribe concepts all at the same time.

    你必須同時聽、了解並抄寫概念

  • As technology integrates more and more into our classrooms, computers, for some, have become the new notebooks.

    當愈來愈多的科技融入課堂,電腦對某些人來說已成為新型的筆記本

  • So we're not writing things down as much, we're not summarizing, we've completely changed how we encode information.

    不是盡量將東西寫下來或總結概念,我們已完全改變將訊息進行編碼的行為

  • Somewhere down the line the emphasis for perfect cursive faded, and kids were taught to type;

    大概在未來,寫出完美草寫字體的重視將會消失,孩子們將被教導如何打字;

  • as fast, and as accurately as they could.

    盡可能地打得愈快愈正確愈好

  • A lot of college students now note-take on laptops.

    許多大學生現在會用筆記型電腦做筆記

  • However, typing leads to copying a lecture verbatim, and one study found that when students

    然而,打字會變成將授課內容逐字複寫下來,有一個研究發現,

  • do that they perform worse on tests involving conceptual thinking.

    當學生用打字方式做筆記,他們在概念性思考的考試上表現較差

  • So, to understand the best way to take notes, you kinda have to get what note-taking is all about in the brain.

    所以,要了解做筆記的最佳方式,首先要了解抄筆記的行為在腦內是如何運作的

  • There are two ways researchers think note-taking affects your learning: “the encoding hypothesis

    研究人員認為抄筆記能影響學習的兩種方式是:「編碼假設」

  • and theexternal storage hypothesis.”

    及「外部儲存假設」

  • Encoding is when, during the note-taking process, you listen and understand what's

    編碼指的是當你在抄筆記的過程,你會聆聽並了解

  • being said, then write it down in the time allotted before the speaker moves on to a new topic.

    講者提到的東西,接著在講者提到下個主題的時間內寫筆記

  • It's tough.

    這很困難

  • External storage is your brain storing information outside of itself, so it can retrieve it later.

    外部儲存指的是你的腦袋在外部儲存資訊,以便於之後回憶

  • Ok, ok, I know we all thought typing verbatim could help us study better.

    好、好,我知道我們都覺得逐字打字可以讓我們更容易學習

  • It's betterexternal storagethan my really slow scribble handwriting,

    「外部儲存 」(註:電腦的儲存功能) 遠比我慢慢地亂寫好,

  • Right?

    對吧?

  • You may not be paying super close attention DURING the lecture, but you can review

    你可能不會在課堂上非常專心地聽課,但你可以

  • it later and it's word for word and that's great? Right?

    之後複習而且是逐字地複習,這很棒,對吧?

  • Sort of.

    某種程度上來說沒錯

  • When you're writing out notes, although you're writing fewer words than when your typing verbatim,

    當你寫下筆記,儘管你寫下的字比逐一打字下來的少

  • your brain is actively summarizing the lecture material.

    你的腦袋其實正主動地將課程資料總結起來

  • You're encoding messages onto paper.

    你正在將訊息編寫到紙上

  • Then when you re-read the handwritten material, that's calledenhanced encoding,” means you're

    接著當你重讀手寫的資料時,這個行為就叫「編碼加強」,指的是你

  • both encoding and storing the knowledge externally.

    同時在外部編寫及儲存知識

  • This is considered a “superiormethod for concepts.

    這對理解概念來說常被視為一個「高超」的方法

  • Why?

    為什麼?

  • We don't really know.

    我們無法真正曉得

  • What we do know is, reviewing typed notes within 24 hours does helps you retain information.

    但我們可以知道的是,在 24 小時內複習打字筆記能讓你記住訊息

  • Because 19th-century memory theories from Hermann Ebbinghaus showed, over time, if we

    因為 19 世紀赫爾曼.艾賓浩斯指出的記憶理論顯示,隨著時間推移,如果我們

  • don't make an effort to RETAIN information, we LOSE the data on an exponential basis;

    不努力記住資訊,我們就會以指數般忘記所有資料

  • this is called Ebbinghaus' Forgetting Curve.

    這就叫做「艾賓浩斯記憶遺忘曲線」

  • Unless you constantly review material, your ability to remember new material will

    除非你不斷複習那些資料,你學習新資料的能力

  • continue to decline over time.

    會隨著時間推移而降低

  • It's like a muscle, to learn requires practice!

    就像肌肉,學習就是要練習!

  • In the end, physical handwriting works well for concepts because your brain is forced

    最後,手寫對理解概念來說非常適合因為你的腦袋被迫

  • to summarize your lesson before you jot it down.

    在草草記下筆記之前將課程做一個總結

  • However, laptop note-taking for straight factual information does have equal retention according to this study.

    然而,根據這個研究,透過筆電做筆記打下直白的事實訊息同樣有助於理解概念

  • So it's sort of up to you, to know what you need to remember in what class and when, and THEN

    所以要選擇何種方式做筆記其實決定權在你自己,了解自己在課堂上何時要記得何事,接著

  • to go back and actually read it to secure that information.

    回去並實際讀過以確保了解這個資訊

  • The thing is, handwriting isn't GONE.

    重點是,手寫不會消失

  • Now technology has gotten good enough that tablets have handwriting recognition, and

    如今科技已經進步到平板電腦都能認得手寫字了,

  • styluses that work with themso maybe we'll see a resurgence of writing!

    還能搭配著觸控筆一起使用... 所以說不定我們能看到寫字風潮再次復甦!

  • Maybe

    或許...

  • Or maybe we'll see voice recording take over everything

    或者說不定我們能看到語音記錄佔據所有事物...

  • More research is going to be needed to figure out what's better for future students.

    什麼方式對未來學生的學習較好仍需透過更多研究來找出

  • What do you think?

    你覺得呢?

  • If you liked this video don't forget to subscribe and why is learning hard anyway?!

    如果你喜歡這支影片不要忘了訂閱,還有,為什麼學習如此困難?

  • Crystal explains it in this video here. Having the internet at your fingertips at a laptop,

    Crystal 在這支影片有做解釋。指尖放在筆電上上網,

  • that's also a distraction, but did you know that you're not only distracting yourself,

    同樣會讓人分心,但你知道你不只會讓自己分心

  • but everyone around you is taking a peek and getting distracted too! It's evolutionary theory.

    周遭的人也會偷看你然後被你影響!這是演化論

  • Stay focused you guys and thanks for watching Seeker!

    保持專心然後感謝收看 Seeker!

In an age where your phone can scan your face and buttons are becoming obsolete,

在一個手機可以掃描臉、按鈕變得過時的時代,

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B2 中高級 中文 美國腔 儲存 資料 複習 概念 訊息 學習

什麼方式比較好背?打字 vs. 手寫 (Typing vs. Handwriting: Which Is Better for Your Memory?)

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    Emily 發佈於 2018 年 11 月 21 日
影片單字