Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

已審核 字幕已審核
  • You might think of vanilla as basic.


  • The word is even used to mean "boring", "average", or "basic".


  • Why do we have to go all vanilla on this song?


  • See, what we need is my chocolate thunder.


  • But vanilla may not always be so run-of-the-mill.


  • Vanilla prices have climbed so high it's worth more by weight than silver.


  • And that high price tag could be bad news for lovers of ice cream, yogurt, chocolate, and even perfumes.

    香草比銀更值錢而高價可能是壞消息 對於冰淇淋、優格和巧克力的愛好者而言 甚至包括香水

  • One reason vanilla has gotten so expensive is: it's hard to grow.


  • Vanilla vines take two to four years to fully mature, and their flowers only bloom for one day of the year.


  • In order for the plants to produce beans, they have to be pollinated that day.


  • In most places where vanilla is grown, it isn't a native plant, and there aren't bugs or birds capable of pollinating the flowers.

    在大多數香草種植的地方它不是土生土長的植物 沒有蟲子或鳥類 能夠為花授粉

  • Vanilla is native to Mexico, but deforestation there has greatly reduced its natural habitat.

    香草原產於墨西哥但是那裡的森林砍伐大大减少了 香草的自然棲息地

  • In Madagascar, where over 80% of vanilla is produced, the flowers have to be pollinated by hand.

    在馬達加斯加生產出超過 80% 的香草這些花必須手工授粉

  • The pods need several months to cure after harvesting.


  • The whole process is time-consuming and labor-intensive.


  • But the record high price of vanilla also has to do with changes in the vanilla market.


  • In the 1980s, cheaper artificial vanilla overtook the market.

    在 1980 年代,便宜的人造香草取代了市場

  • Vanilla farmers cut back production because they weren't making enough money.


  • But around 2011, demand for real vanilla rose again.

    但 2011 年左右,對真正的香草的需求再次上升

  • Big companies were joining the all-natural trend, pledging to eliminate artificial flavorings from their products, but it's taken a while for the vanilla farmers to get back in the game and they don't all want to.

    大公司加入了全天然的趨勢承諾從他們的產品中去除人工香料 但是香草農民花了一段時間 才回到市場中 而且並非所有人都想回來

  • Growing vanilla is a stressful and volatile business; because there is such high demand, vanilla beans are a target for theft.

    種植香草是一個充滿壓力和波動的行業因為香草的需求很高 香草豆是盜竊的目標

  • After working hard to cultivate their crops, some farmers have their beans stolen.


  • As the stolen beans move up the supply chain, they get mixed in with legally purchased beans, making it difficult for buyers to know which are which.

    當被偷的豆子向供應鏈移動時他們與合法購買的豆類混在一起 這讓買家很難知道 哪些是合法購買的豆子

  • To prevent theft, farmers pick the beans before they're ripe, and unripe beans means lower-quality vanilla.

    為了防止盜竊農民在豆子成熟之前先採摘 而未成熟的豆子代表香草的質量較低

  • Farmers also try to prevent theft by branding their vanilla crops with a metal pronged brand.


  • That way, buyers can identify what farm the vanilla came from.


  • Farmers also run the risk of having their crops destroyed by extreme weather events.


  • Cyclones are common in Madagascar and climate change is increasing the frequency and intensity of those storms.

    颶風在馬達加斯加很常見氣候變化正在增加頻率 以及這些風暴的强度

  • If a cyclone were to wipe out vanilla crops next year, it would take until at least 2022 for new plants to start producing beans, and farmers might not want to take that risk.

    如果明年颶風要摧毀香草作物新的植物至少需要到 2022 年 才能開始生產豆子 農民可能不想冒這種風險

  • So the supply could continue to drop even further.


  • The once basic, boring vanilla may wind up becoming a rare sought-after delicacy.


You might think of vanilla as basic.


已審核 字幕已審核

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B2 中高級 中文 美國腔 香草 農民 豆子 盜竊 成熟 植物

為何香草那麼貴?(Why Vanilla Is So Expensive)

  • 17003 789
    Samuel 發佈於 2018 年 10 月 15 日