A2 初級 美國腔 54 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
I'm in Finland. It's one year after the launch
of a first-of-its kind experiment here in the country.
We're talking about universal basic income.
Here's how it works.
Researchers randomly selected 2,000 unemployed people
between the ages of 25 and 58 from around Finland.
Each month those 2,000 people receive €560,
which is about 670 bucks, tax-free.
What they do with the money is entirely up to them.
The purpose of the experiment is to address unemployment here in Finland.
The government hopes that it will encourage unemployed people to
take jobs instead of being afraid of losing their unemployment benefits.
So one year into the experiment, is it working?
We went to Finland to find out.
It wasn't easy finding someone who is actually receiving the free money.
Researchers are keeping the names of the recipients
private to try to keep the results consistent.
But we did manage to find Mika Ruusunen on Facebook,
and he agreed to meet us at his office in Tampere,
about two hours north of Helsinki.
So, we are going meet Mika now at his office.
He's here, he's agreed to meet us during his lunch break.
The fact that we're meeting him at his office is actually a promising sign.
It means that he has a job, so we'll see what he has to say.
Hi, Mika?
Hi!
Nice to meet you.
Nice to meet you, too.
Thanks so much for having us here today.
Okay, great, excellent!
Let's get started!
Mika was doing an internship at an IT company, where he now works full-time,
when he found out he was selected for Finland's basic income trial.
When you first found out that you were going to be part of the trial,
did you tell people or did you want to keep it a secret?
When I first received the letter I opened it and I didn't understand it at all.
And so I gave it to my wife and asked her, "What the heck is this?"
Mika had been unemployed for 16 months before
he decided to go back to school to switch career paths into IT.
Do you find there's less bureaucracy than there was
when you were receiving benefits for being unemployed?
Yeah definitely, that's the best part of the basic income.
That it would mean much less bureaucracy.
People who are using the system are already using the system.
The basic income encourages people to do work.
Mika said the €560 a month wouldn't be enough to live on.
But it's given him flexibility for things like a family vacation
or the possibility of starting his own business.
He's proud to be part of the experiment in Finland,
but he's not sold on the idea that you should
continue receiving free cash even when you're well-off.
There's no getting out.
If I won a million bucks at the lottery they would still give it to me.
It's a pretty weird idea.
It's strange.
Our next step was to find out what the researchers think
about the universal basic income experiment so far.
Kela is the arm of the Finnish government that's implementing the trial.
So we're at the office here at Kela in Helsinki.
We're about to meet with one of the main researchers now.
Researcher Miska Simanainen said he won't actually hear
from any of the participants until the trial concludes at the end of 2018.
But the experiment has already revealed
one of the biggest issues with universal basic income,
funding.
We had to make many practical compromises
during the design process of the experiment.
Researchers only had enough funding to hand out cash to 2,000 people.
And they chose to limit their sample to participants who were unemployed.
Do you envision a world where eventually there could be
everyone in Finland has universal basic income?
There is a strong consensus between political parties that
the current social security system should be reformed.
But we found there is disagreement about how to reform the system.
Is the idea that universal basic income is actually going to
take the place of some of the other benefits here in Finland?
That's the way that the discussion is that
if we're going to give you universal basic income,
then we're going to cut from other sectors.
This is Antti Jauhiainen, he's the author of a book about welfare in Finland.
He sees universal basic income not as a way to
replace the current welfare system, but as an added benefit.
Our path shouldn't be to create low-wage jobs
but to really improve education and to improve people's skills.
And I think giving the kind of freedom that through
universal basic income would provide, might help with that.
It looks like the trial is off to a good start here.
But it still seems like it's a long way away from
universal basic income being universal here in Finland.
Hey guys it's Elizabeth, thanks so much for watching.
If you want to check out more of our stories, we have an Explains about universal basic income
and other CNBC Explains up on our YouTube page.
While you're at it give us some suggestions, we're looking for other ideas.
And subscribe to our channel.
See you later!
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

全民基本收入是否有效?我們去芬蘭找了 (Is universal basic income working? We went to Finland to find out | CNBC Reports)

54 分類 收藏
王惟惟 發佈於 2018 年 9 月 5 日
看更多推薦影片
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔