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  • Welcome to the lesson!

    歡迎大家來聽課!

  • You're about to learn how to use the past perfect

    你即將學會如何使用過去完成時。

  • to talk about new experiences

    談論新的經驗

  • Remember, the past perfect is made with

    記住,過去的完美是用

  • 'had'

  • 'not'

  • if it's negative

    如果是負數

  • plus the past participle

    加上過去分詞

  • and with this meaning

    並以此為意義

  • it's very common to use the preposition 'before'

    常用的介詞是 "之前"。

  • Have...

    有...

  • you met Ben?

    你和本在一起嗎?

  • A few years ago, he got his first job at a shoe store.

    幾年前,他在一家鞋店找到了第一份工作。

  • As it was his first job

    因為這是他的第一份工作

  • he did many things for the first time

    他第一次做了很多事情

  • For example, he helped a customer

    例如,他幫助一個客戶

  • He used a cash register

    他用的是收銀機

  • and he cleaned a store

    他還打掃了一家商店

  • All of these things

    所有這些事情

  • were brand new experiences in his life

    是他生命中全新的體驗

  • Let's look at how to talk about these things

    讓我們來看看如何談論這些事情吧

  • using the past perfect

    過去式

  • Here is the grammatical structure

    以下是語法結構

  • First, you put the subject

    首先,你把主題

  • Then, the verb phrase

    然後,動詞短語

  • Which begins with the auxiliary verb 'had'

    以助動詞 "了 "開頭的。

  • then the negative particle 'not'

    那麼負號

  • Actually, with this meaning

    其實,在這個意義上

  • It is more common to use never

    更常見的是使用從不

  • instead of 'not'

    而不是 "不"。

  • This makes your meaning stronger

    這使你的意思更強烈

  • plus the past participle

    加上過去分詞

  • then comes the object

    接著是對象

  • and finally the preposition 'before'

    最後是介詞 "之前"。

  • However, before is optional

    然而,之前是可選的

  • Take a look at out first example

    請看第一個例子

  • He used a cash register for the first time

    他第一次使用收銀機

  • In our new sentence, the subject will stay the same

    在我們的新句子中,主語將保持不變。

  • 'He'

    "他

  • Now the verb phrase 'had never used'

    現在,動詞短語'從來沒有使用過'。

  • and the object

    和對象

  • 'a cash register'

    收銀機

  • and finally, 'before'

    最後,'之前'。

  • This gives us the sentence

    這樣我們就有了這樣的句子

  • He had never used a cash register before

    他從來沒有用過收銀機

  • Now, our next example

    現在,我們下一個例子

  • The verb is 'cleaned'

    動詞是 "清潔"。

  • He had never cleaned a store before

    他從來沒有打掃過商店

  • And in our final example the verb is 'helped'

    而在我們最後一個例子中,動詞是 "幫助

  • This becomes, 'he had never helped a customer before'

    這就變成了,'他以前從來沒有幫助過客戶'。

  • A few months later

    幾個月後

  • Ben met a girl named Jen

    Ben認識了一個叫Jen的女孩

  • They ended up dating for a while

    最後他們還交往了一段時間

  • and finally getting married

    最後結婚

  • At the wedding, they each had many new experiences

    在婚禮上,他們每個人都有很多新的體驗

  • Ben wore a tuxedo for the first time

    本第一次穿上了燕尾服。

  • Jen walked down the aisle

    小珍走下紅毯

  • and...they went on a honeymoon

    而且......他們去度蜜月了。

  • Here's how we would talk about these experiences

    下面我們就來談談這些經驗。

  • using the past perfect

    過去式

  • Ben had never worn a tuxedo before

    本從來沒有穿過燕尾服

  • Jen had never walked down the aisle before

    小珍從來沒有走過紅毯。

  • and...they had never gone on a honeymoon before

    而且......他們從來沒有去度過蜜月。

  • I have a surprise for you

    我有個驚喜給你

  • More grammar!

    更多的文法!

  • Try not to get too excited

    儘量不要太激動

  • Instead of using 'before' at the end of the phrase

    在短語結尾處不使用 "之前",而是使用 "之前"。

  • It's common to use this structure

    通常使用這種結構

  • 'Before'

    '之前'

  • plus a clause in the past simple

    從句

  • and then a clause in the past perfect

    再從句

  • For example

    比如說

  • Before he got married

    在他結婚之前

  • Ben had never worn a tuxedo

    本從來沒有穿過燕尾服

  • Before she got married, Jen had never walked down the aisle

    結婚前,小珍從來沒有走過紅毯。

  • and finally, before Ben and Jen got married, they had never gone on a honeymoon

    最後,在Ben和Jen結婚之前,他們從來沒有去度過蜜月。

  • Surprise, surprise, surprise

    驚喜,驚喜,驚喜

  • A few months later,

    幾個月後。

  • Jen was...

    珍是...

  • pregnant!

    懷孕了

  • What a life changing experience!

    多麼改變人生的經歷啊!

  • She had a pregnancy glow for the first time

    她第一次有了孕期的光輝。

  • She lived with very little sleep

    她生活在極少的睡眠中

  • and...she changed a diaper

    還有......她換過尿布

  • Now it's time to see these new experiences

    現在是時候看看這些新的體驗了。

  • written in the past perfect

    過氣

  • Before she got pregnant, Jen had never had a pregnancy glow

    在懷孕之前,小珍從來沒有過孕期的光景。

  • Before she had a baby, Jen had never lived with very little sleep

    在生孩子之前,Jen從來沒有過睡眠不足的生活。

  • and finally,...

    最後...

  • before she had a baby,

    在她生孩子之前。

  • jen had never changed a diaper

    JEN從來沒有換過尿布

  • It's that time again

    又到了這個時候

  • time to practice what you've learned

    實踐出真知

  • What you need to do is write a sentence

    你需要做的是寫一句話

  • talking about the new experiences given

    談及新經驗

  • using 'before' plus the past simple

    用 "以前 "加過去的簡單

  • then a clause in the past perfect

  • For example,

    例如:

  • Johnny went to the zoo

    約翰尼去了動物園

  • for the first time in his life

    生平第一次

  • he saw an elephant

    他看到一頭大象

  • this becomes

    這就

  • Before Johnny went to the zoo,

    在約翰尼去動物園之前

  • he had never seen an elephant

    他從未見過大象

  • Here are your questions, good luck!

    下面是你的問題,祝你好運!

  • Here are your answers

    以下是你的答案

  • If you would like more practice

    如果你想多練習

  • click on the link in the description

    點擊描述中的鏈接

  • to visit my website

    訪問我的網站

  • There is a printable handout there

    那裡有一份可打印的講義

  • with more questions and answers

    連同更多的問題和答案

  • Thank you for watching. Have a great day!

    謝謝你的觀看。祝你有個愉快的一天!

Welcome to the lesson!

歡迎大家來聽課!

字幕與單字
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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 蜜月 紅毯 驚喜 動詞 使用 短語

如何用過去完成式談論新經驗(Past Perfect: to Talk about New Experiences)

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    Samuel 發佈於 2018 年 08 月 23 日
影片單字