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  • In the early 1960s

    1960 年初期

  • a new kind of beverage took the stage.

    一種新的飲料席捲全球

  • It wasn't a new shape or a color or flavor.

    不是包裝不一樣,也不是顏色或口味不同

  • No, this was diet soda and it was awesome.

    是令人眼睛為之一亮的低糖汽水

  • With fewer calories and less sugar

    因為熱量與糖分較低

  • diet soda promised to be

    所以低糖汽水保證會成為

  • a healthier alternative to regular soda.

    比一般汽水更健康的替代品

  • But, like most promises in life

    不過就像人生中其他的承諾一樣

  • that sound too good to be true, it probably is.

    聽起來都太美好,而不可能成真

  • Can you tell the difference

    你可以分辨出

  • between a glass of regular and diet soda?

    一般的汽水和低糖汽水的差別嗎

  • Turns out, neither can your body

    事實上,你的身體也無法分辨

  • and that's where the trouble starts.

    而這會產生很多問題

  • Until recently, everything we ate

    直到最近,我們吃的每樣東西

  • contained some amount of calories.

    都有一些熱量

  • When we ate something sweet, for example,

    舉例來說,當我們吃了甜的東西

  • the brain sent signals to our pancreas,

    大腦會開始發送訊號給胰腺

  • which started producing insulin

    開始製造胰島素

  • that stored the sugar molecules in our cells for energy.

    然後儲存糖分子到我們的細胞中供能量使用

  • So, when we drink diet soda,

    所以,當我們在喝低糖汽水時

  • the sweetness tricks our body into thinking it's real sugar

    甜味會誤導你的身體以為是真的糖

  • but when those energy packed calories don't arrive

    不過當那些熱量沒有傳達到

  • the insulin has nothing to store.

    胰島素便沒有東西可以儲存

  • Scientists think that repeatedly tricking our body this way

    科學家認為這樣反覆誤導身體

  • could explain why study after study

    可以解釋為什麼經過反覆的研究

  • keeps finding the same thing.

    都是得到一樣的結果

  • That drinking diet soda

    就是喝低糖汽水

  • is associated with metabolic syndrome.

    與代謝症候群息息相關

  • Metabolic syndrome is a mix of conditions

    代謝症候群有許多不同的症狀

  • that includes increased blood pressure,

    包含血壓升高、

  • high blood sugar and weight gain

    高血糖和體重增加

  • which can increase the risk of diabetes,

    這些都會提高罹患糖尿病、

  • heart disease and stroke.

    心臟病和中風的風險

  • In fact, one study found that diet soda drinkers

    事實上,有一個研究顯示喝低糖汽水的人

  • had a higher risk of stroke and dementia than regular soda drinkers.

    比喝一般汽水的人,有較高的機率罹患中風及痴呆症

  • And for another eight-year-long study, between 1979 and 1988

    有一個持續八年的研究,在 1979 年和 1988 年間

  • participants who started out at a normal weight

    參加者一開始都是正常的體重

  • and drank an average of 21 diet beverages a week

    之後一個禮拜平均喝 21 罐低糖飲料

  • faced double the risk of becoming overweight or obese by the end of the study

    在研究結束後,他們增重或過重的風險

  • compared to people who avoided diet beverages completely.

    比起那些不喝低糖飲料的人增加數倍

  • And while drinking diet soda with the meal may sound like

    雖然在吃飯時喝減糖飲料聽起來

  • a tasty calorie free alternative to plain water,

    像是很可口又能代替無味的水的零熱量替代品

  • the growing body of research is starting to find

    有個研究發現

  • that this may be the worse time to drink it

    在吃飯時喝低糖汽水是最糟糕的

  • because the fake calories in the diet soda

    因為低糖汽水中的假熱量

  • could ultimately disrupt how many

    最終會干擾

  • of the real calories we metabolize,

    我們真真代謝掉的熱量

  • potentially leaving excess calories behind

    間接會讓多餘的熱量留在身體裡

  • that we then store as fat.

    身體進而儲存為脂肪

  • Another issue could be the fact

    另外一個問題是,

  • that artificial sweeteners in diet sodas

    低糖飲料中的人工甜味劑

  • can be 10s to 100s of times sweeter than sugar.

    可能比糖還甜上十倍至一百倍

  • So when we taste it, our brains anticipate

    所以當我們吃到甜味劑時,我們的大腦預期

  • more calories than what we give it.

    的是比我們吃下還要更多的卡路里

  • It's like when you go to a party expecting loads of food

    就像是你去一個派對,期待著一大堆食物

  • and you end up with a handful of veggies and vegan cheese.

    而最後卻只有蔬菜跟素食乳酪

  • You're left unsatisfied and hangry.

    你會感到不滿足和飢餓

  • In the same way, artificial sweeteners

    同理,人工甜味劑

  • can leave our brains wanting more

    會使我們的大腦想要更多

  • which studies have shown leads to increased appetite

    研究也指出這會使我們增加食慾

  • and potential weight gain in fruit flies, mice, and humans.

    也會間接使果蠅、老鼠和人類增重

  • So if the reason you're drinking diet soda

    如果你喝低糖汽水的原因是

  • is to drop a few pounds, maybe just stick to water.

    要減肥的話,那倒不如喝水就好

  • Got any friends obsessed with diet soda?

    你有朋友對低糖飲料很著迷的嗎?

  • Share this video with them and thanks for watching.

    跟他們分享這個影片吧!謝謝收看!

In the early 1960s

1960 年初期

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B2 中高級 中文 美國腔 汽水 飲料 研究 身體 代謝 胰島素

喝太多低糖汽水會變胖變笨嗎? (What Too Much Diet Soda Does To Your Body And Brain)

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    HsiangLanLee 發佈於 2018 年 08 月 27 日
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