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  • Hi, I'm Anne Marie with Speak Confident English and welcome to this week's

    嗨,我是《自信說英文》的 Anne Marie,歡迎來到這週的

  • Confident English lesson where we are focused on how to prepare for a

    《自信說英文》的課程,今天我們的主題是 「如何準備

  • presentation in English and I'm going to share with you seven simple strategies

    英文報告?」,我要分享七個簡單的策略給你

  • that will remove some of the stress, the fear or the anxiety that you have about

    當你需要用英文報告時,這些可以幫助你減輕壓力、恐懼和焦慮

  • giving a presentation in English. Of course a presentation is when you have

    當然,報告就是當你必須

  • to speak in front of a group of people to present your research, your expertise

    站在一群人面前去展現你的研究、你的專業

  • or some important information. That might be in front of a hundred people, 500

    或是一些重要的資訊。你可能會站在 100 人、500 人

  • people or a thousand at a huge international conference. It might be in

    或是 1000 人面前的大型國際會議。也可能是站在

  • front of your colleagues at a business meeting. Those different kinds of

    你同事面前的公司會議。面對那些不同型態的

  • presentations have two things in common -- number one the fears that we have are

    報告有共同的兩點 -- 第一點,我們都會有相同的恐懼感

  • the same, whether it's a small group or a huge audience

    不論是在小組或是龐大的觀眾

  • we might be afraid of what will other people think, will they understand us and

    我們都害怕其他人的想法,他們是否理解我們?

  • how will they judge us in our second language? What happens if you make a

    他們會怎麼評論我們的第二語言?如果你出錯

  • mistake or even worse if you forget a word or the grammar that you want to use

    或是更糟情況,當你在報告時,你忘記單字或文法

  • while you're speaking? And number three what if someone asks you a question and

    這時怎麼辦?第三,如果有人問你問題

  • you're not really sure if you understand the question correctly? Those fears are

    但你不確定你是否正確地了解問題?這些恐懼

  • the first thing that both small and large presentations have in common. The

    都是在小型和大型報告中首先會遇到的

  • second thing they have in common are the strategies that help us overcome

    共同的第二點是策略有助我們克服

  • those challenges, overcome those worries so we can focus on communicating clearly

    困難、消除擔憂,因此我們可以專注於清楚地溝通

  • being confident and prepared when you give your presentation.

    當你報告時,是有自信且準備齊全的

  • So let's get started on those seven strategies that you can use to be

    現在我們開始介紹七個策略,你可以利用它們

  • successfully prepared for a presentation in English. Step number one planning.

    順利地準備英文報告。策略一,計畫

  • Planning is essential but I want to give you a different way to think about this

    計畫是必要的,但我想給你不一樣的思考方向

  • I want you to ask yourself two questions number one where is your audience right

    我想讓你問自己兩個問題,第一個問題是你的觀眾現在在哪裡?

  • now and I don't mean the location or the place but I mean what do they understand

    我不是問地點,我的意思是他們對你的主題

  • about the topic that you need to focus on? If you're talking about marketing

    了解多少?如果你報告的是

  • strategy and a proposal to a client what do they understand now or if you're

    市場策略和提案給客戶,他們對此了解多少?或是

  • presenting scientific research what level of understanding does your

    如果你呈現科學研究,那們你的觀眾對

  • audience have on that topic or if you're trying to convince an audience of

    此研究主題了解程度到哪裡?或是如果你試圖要說服

  • something you want to change their mind or you want them to act on something

    你的觀眾改變想法或做一些事情

  • what is their current position now? The second question is after you speak where

    你需要知道他們目前的位置在哪裡?第二個問題是在你報告結束後

  • do you want your audience to be? What do you want them to understand or know?What

    你希望讓你的觀眾獲得什麼?你希望他們了解什麼?

  • action do you want them to take? When you know those two questions

    你希望他們採取什麼行動?當你知道這兩個問題時

  • it's like figuring out a map you have your starting point for your audience

    就像理解一張地圖那樣,你為你的觀眾準備好開頭和

  • and the end point and your job in the presentation is to get them from point A

    結論,然後你的工作就是在報告中帶領他們從開頭

  • to point B and when you think about those two questions

    到結尾了解你報告的內容,並且當你想到這兩個問題時

  • it helps you to consider what are the important things you need to discuss in

    這會幫助你思考,你需要在報告中討論哪些重要的事情?

  • your presentation what do you need to highlight how can you help your audience

    你需要強調哪些內容使你的觀眾可以

  • go from here point A to point B where you want them. That is your first step in

    了解你想要傳達給他們的理念。這是你計畫的第一步

  • the planning process. Strategy number two is to know who and what. What I mean by

    策略二,了解對象和內容。我的意思是

  • that is after you've figured out your map you know

    在你釐清你的地圖後你知道

  • where your audience is starting and where you want them to be after your

    你的觀眾從哪裡開始,並且知道你希望他們在你報告後

  • presentation it's really important to know who you're speaking to and what

    理解多少,這非常重要,你必須知道你要報告的對象是誰

  • should you say to them. If you are a software developer and you are going to

    還有你應該對他們說什麼。如果你是一個軟體研發者,然後你要對

  • speak at a conference with other software developers they speak the same

    其他同樣是軟體研發者在會議裡報告,他們和你用同樣

  • language as you they use the same jargon, the same vocabulary, they understand the

    的術語、同樣的詞彙,他們理解

  • same concepts but what if you're a software developer and you've created a

    相同的概念,但是假如你是個軟體研發者,然後你創造一個

  • new application and you're going to present this application to a group of

    新的應用程式,你要把這個應用展示給

  • new moms? Suddenly what you say is probably going to change, you're going to

    外行人,你可能必須改變你的說法,你需要使用

  • need different language, different vocabulary because that new group of

    不同的語言、不同的詞彙,因為他們是外行人

  • moms probably doesn't know all the jargon and technical language that you

    他們可能不知道所有你在每天工作上使用的專業術語

  • use in your everyday job. This is such an important step in communicating clearly.

    這是清楚地溝通上非常重要的一步

  • When you understand what you should say and how you should say it to your

    當你知道應該報告什麼、如何報告給你的觀眾

  • audience they can follow you more easily and feel connected to what you're saying.

    他們較容易接受你而且對你說的話產生共鳴

  • Strategy 3 is to get organized. This is where you take all that information you

    策略三,組織內容。你要將所有你想分享的資訊、

  • want to share, the key points, the details that you need to include. Maybe there are

    關鍵點和細節包含在裡面。也許

  • some data, statistics, information that is essential and you need to start to

    一些數據、分析和資訊是必須的,然後你需要開始

  • organize it. Typically in English we have three sections in a presentation, we have

    組織整理它。一般來說,英文報告我們分為三部分,第一部分是

  • the introduction or the opening and this is where you present your idea you give

    介紹或前言,就是將你要表達的主旨

  • a quick overview of the primary focus. The second section is what we call the

    快速的概述一次。第二部分就是本文

  • body and in this body you have your key points and your supporting details and

    你有主要論點和支持論點的細節內容在本文裡

  • then finally section three is the closing. Now I'm not going to talk too

    然後最後部分就是結論。現在我沒有要說

  • much about that because I actually have other lessons specifically

    太多關於這三部分的內容,因為我已經在其他的課程詳細

  • for each of those different sections -- what you should include, how to be better

    介紹每一個部分的內容 -- 你應該包含哪些內容?要如何

  • prepared for each part of your presentation. Strategy number four is

    準備報告的每個部份?策略四是

  • show don't tell. What I mean by that is people love stories they remember

    要展示,不要陳述。我的意思是人們都喜歡聽故事,然後他們較容易

  • stories and they remember things that are visual. If you're giving a

    透過視覺記故事或事情。如果你的

  • presentation that has a lot of data, statistics, numbers, dates, times and

    報告有很多數據、分析、數字、日期、時間和

  • important little pieces of information consider some other ways that you can

    重要但瑣碎的資訊時,你可以考慮使用一些方法

  • help your audience understand those important details. Perhaps there is a

    幫助你的觀眾了解那些重要的細節。可能是

  • story or a graph, a chart, some visual cue a picture that you can share that will

    用故事、圖表或一些視覺圖片

  • help your audience visualize and more easily remember the things that you

    讓你的觀眾視覺化內容,也較容易記得你

  • really want to share with them. Now if you want more information about what I

    想要表達的東西。現在如果你想要了解更多資訊

  • mean when I say show don't tell I do have an example of this in the

    有關「要展示,不要陳述」,我有個例子在

  • online lesson so after you watch this video make sure to check that out to get

    線上課程裡,所以當你看完這部影片後,可以點進去

  • my example of showing and not telling. Strategy number five talk don't read.

    看我給的例子。策略五是用說的而不是讀的

  • Talk to your audience, look at them, communicate with them. I'm sure that

    和你的觀眾對話,眼神交流和他們溝通,我相信

  • you've been in a business meeting or at a presentation where someone just read

    你一定遇過有人報告是用 「讀」的

  • the information to you and it might have sounded like this -- Strategy number five

    就像現在這樣 -- 策略五是

  • talk don't read it's important to connect to your audience and to look at

    用說的而不是讀的,和你的觀眾常常眼神交流是非常重要的

  • them regularly so they feel engaged in your topic. Now did that look and sound

    他們會覺得有進入狀況的。這樣的說話方式你覺得

  • like I was connecting to you, like I was talking to you? Probably not.

    你有和我產生共鳴嗎,我有像在跟你說話嗎?可能沒有。

  • Number one my eyes were focused on what I was reading not on you

    第一點,我的眼睛專注於我的講稿而不是你

  • or not on the audience and my voice changed, my intonation, the way I

    也不是觀眾,然後我的聲音改變,語調表達

  • expressed myself changed so as much as possible when you prepare for your

    盡可能有高低起伏,當你在準備報告的時候

  • presentation you want to be sure that you're ready to

    你必須確定你已經準備好

  • talk and communicate with your audience, that you know your presentation and you

    和你的觀眾溝通,還要確定你深入了解內容

  • can talk about it without reading everything. Of course having notes is a

    使得你可以不用讀所有講稿去報告。當然有小抄

  • great strategy. I always recommend having a few key points written down, maybe a

    是很棒的策略。我很建議你可以寫下幾個關鍵字,也許是個

  • mind map or something that helps you stay focused and organized and makes

    心智圖或是一些可以幫助你組織內容,使你

  • sure that you don't forget anything but you want to know your material and that

    不會忘記你的所有內容,而且可以

  • will help your audience be focused on you, listening to what you're saying and

    幫助你的觀眾全神貫注在你身上,聽你說的話

  • help you to be a much more effective speaker in English. Strategy number six

    使你成為一個更有效率的英文演講者。策略六是

  • is to think ahead. One of those fears that we talked about is the fear of

    提前思考。我們知道其中一個恐懼就是

  • someone asking a question and you don't understand it which is a terrible

    當別人問問題時,害怕自己無法回答,這是最糟糕的感覺

  • feeling. After you've started to plan your presentation and you know where

    在你開始規畫你的報告,你知道

  • your audience is starting, where you want them to be and the best way for you to

    你的觀眾先前了解多少,還有你的目的和利用最合適的方法

  • communicate with them, if you think about what words and language to use and

    與他們溝通後,如果你思考要用什麼詞彙或語言

  • you've started to organize your key points, all of the details you need to

    你將開始組織地的關鍵點和所有細節

  • include, you can begin to anticipate, think ahead about what are some of the

    你可以開始預先思考有哪些是

  • missing pieces, what are some potential questions that

    遺漏的資訊,有什麼問題可能是

  • someone in the audience might ask you? When you are able to anticipate those

    觀眾會問你的?當你能夠預測那些

  • questions you can also be prepared to answer them. Another great way to be

    問題時,你可以準備一些答案去回應他們。另一個好方法是

  • prepared for this is to practice your presentation in front of your colleagues

    你可以先在你的同事、朋友或是家人面前練習報告

  • your friends or family and then see what questions they have at the end of your

    然後報告完後,看他們會問你什麼問題

  • presentation. Again that will help you either put the missing pieces into your

    再說一次,這會幫助你找到遺漏的資訊補到你的

  • presentation -- maybe there's something you forgot about or didn't think about -- or it

    報告裡 -- 也許有一些是你忘記或沒想到的內容 -- 或

  • can help you be prepared for those potential questions at the end.

    這可以幫助你準備一些可能被問到的問題

  • And finally strategy number seven is practice. Practice

    最後策略七就是練習,練習、

  • practice, practice. The more you practice the more you will really know your

    練習、練習。你練習得越多,你將會更加了解你的報告

  • presentation. You will know the language you want to use, you'll be able to

    你會更清楚要用什麼語言表達,你能夠

  • remember the vocabulary and the grammar that you need, you'll be able to talk and

    記得你要用的詞彙和文法,你也會與觀眾溝通

  • connect to your audience instead of reading. And most importantly it will

    和他們產生連結,而不是讀講稿。最重要的是

  • help your confidence. Now many people encourage you to

    可以幫助你建立自信心。許多人鼓勵你

  • practice for example in front of a mirror and that's a great strategy

    在鏡子前面練習,這是絕對是個好方法

  • absolutely, but I want to ask you to do one more thing. I want you to practice

    但是我想要你做更多事情。我想要你邊練習

  • your presentation while you record yourself and here's why -- when you

    報告邊錄自己的聲音,原因是 -- 當你

  • practice in front of a mirror it's very difficult to notice any mistakes or

    在鏡子前面練習時,很難注意到自己犯的錯誤

  • challenges that you have in your speaking. You're too busy in the moment

    或是說得不好的地方。你當下專注於

  • practicing but when you record yourself when you're finished you can go back and

    練習,但是你錄音的話,你可以在你報告完後

  • listen to it. And at this moment you have time to analyze what you've said. Is that

    重聽音檔。此時,你就有時間去分析你說話的內容

  • how you wanted to communicate? Are you happy with what you said or do you want

    是不是你想要的表達方式?你對自己說的滿意嗎?

  • to change something? It's essential to have this time to think about what

    你想要改正一些東西嗎?這是很重要且需要時間去思考

  • you've said and it gives you the opportunity to make those changes. The

    你的說話方式和內容,也給你機會去做些改正

  • best news is no one else needs to hear your recording. When you're finished with

    最棒的是沒有人會聽你的錄音檔。當你完成後

  • it you can delete it and no one else needs to know but it will give you the

    你可以刪除音檔,因此沒有人會知道,但是這可以給你

  • opportunity to perfect what you say, make different grammar choices, different

    機會讓你的報告更完美,可以選擇不同的文法、

  • vocabulary choices and feel much more confident in how you plan to

    不同的字彙,而且還可以更有信心去規劃

  • communicate in your presentation. As always I do have a challenge question

    你的報告。我總是給你具有挑戰性的問題

  • for you, I want you to visit the online lesson and in the comment section I want

    我希望你可以瀏覽線上課程,然後我希望你可以在留言板

  • you to tell me have you ever given a presentation in English and, if you have,

    告訴我你是否曾用英文報告,如果有的話

  • what is one piece of advice that you would share with someone else? In this

    你會給予其他人什麼樣的建議?

  • video today I shared my advice with these seven strategies but I'm sure that

    在今天的影片中,我分享了七個策略,但我相信

  • you also have some fantastic advice from your experience.

    從你的經驗裡,你也有一些很棒的建議

  • I'd love for you to share that with me and with others in the Confident English

    希望你可以和我、和自信說英文的社群裡的人分享

  • Community and you can do that by sharing in the comment section at the bottom of

    你可以分享在課程底下的留言板

  • the lesson. With that thank you so much for joining me. If you found this lesson

    非常感謝你看我的影片,如果你覺得這堂課

  • useful to you be sure to share it on Facebook and give it a thumbs up on

    對你很有幫助,請分享到 Facebook,然後在 YouTube 按讚

  • YouTube and I look forward to seeing you next week for your Confident English

    期待下週的《自信說英文》課程

  • lesson.

    再看到你

Hi, I'm Anne Marie with Speak Confident English and welcome to this week's

嗨,我是《自信說英文》的 Anne Marie,歡迎來到這週的

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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 報告 觀眾 內容 練習 溝通 準備

如何成功用英文準備簡報 (How to Prepare a Presentation in English Successfully)

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    Evangeline 發佈於 2018 年 08 月 10 日
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