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A few months ago I took a road trip from Chicago
down to New Orleans.

And on the way back up (we were somewhere
either in Tennessee or Missouri), I got pulled

over — it was my first time getting pulled over.
And it wasn't for speeding.
it was because I was driving in the left lane.
So there are basically two types of drivers
in the world.

There are people who get really upset about
all the people driving slowly in the left

lane.
That's Joey.
He fits into that first group.
And then there are a lot of drivers who had
no idea that this is even a problem.

Yeah, that was me.
Sorry about that.
I don't drive much.
The truth is, when drivers hang out in the
left lane, it makes traffic worse and more

dangerous for everybody involved.
Here's what that looks like.
If you have relatively slow drivers scattered
amongst the right and left lanes, faster drivers

have to repeatedly slow down and weave back
and forth, changing lanes many times to pass

all of them.
So if you're going five miles slower than
everyone else and you're traveling in the left

lane, it forces them to make dangerous moves
trying to pass you on the right

which is more likely to cause an accident.
But there's a better way for traffic to
flow -- and that's if we only use the left lane for passing.

If all the slower drivers are in the right
lane, a faster driver can pass several at

once, and get back over to the right, which
cuts down the total number of lane changes

and eliminates the slowdowns.
Move over, or get a ticket. That's the message from state troopers to people driving too slowly in the left lane.
Some people argue that as long as they're
going the speed limit, they shouldn't have

to move over.
But there's evidence that that slowing down
and changing lanes is actually more dangerous

than speeding.
Research has shown that the strongest predictor
of an accident is variance from the average

speed of traffic.
And a car going five miles per hour slower
than the surrounding traffic has a greater

chance of causing an accident than one going
five miles per hour faster.

That's why every state has some law on on
record that restricts the use of the left

lane.
In 29 states, any car that's moving slower
than the surrounding speed of traffic should

be in the right lane.
And in 11 states, the laws are stricter —, they
say that the left lane is only for turning

or passing.
Historically police didn't really pay that
much attention to slow left lane drivers,

but more recently there have been campaigns
in places like Washington, Texas, and Ohio

where police are actually issuing tickets
to people they spot traveling slowly in the

left lane.
"The reason why I stopped you is the law in the state of Washington is keep right except to pass."
"This is something that has always been illegal and against the law here in Michigan,
But now officers are rolling out this new education effort to help the public understand just what they can
and they cannot do when it comes to this type of driving.
Now, it doesn't have to be this way.
A good example of this is the German Autobahn
— so this is Germany's highway network,

which has long stretches of road with no speed
limits and it has surprisingly low accident rates.

One reason for this, some researchers think,
is that German drivers are more likely to

stay in the right lane for traveling and only
use the left for passing.

That shared norm helps keep them safe.
So fellow drivers I am sorry — I didn't
know the rules.

But I'm not alone, and if more people understand
how this works, we will have much fewer traffic

jams.
And our roads will be a lot safer, too.
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【Vox】為什麼不可以在內側車道龜速行駛 (Why you shouldn't drive slowly in the left lane)

300 分類 收藏
Makoto 發佈於 2018 年 8 月 2 日
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