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  • - [Announcer] Some of the biggest stars in Hollywood

    有些好萊塢的大牌明星

  • are some of the smallest creatures on the planet.

    是地球上最小的生物

  • Real live insects like spiders, locusts, and butterflies

    像是蜘蛛、蝗蟲和蝴蝶這些昆蟲

  • play crucial roles in many memorable blockbuster films.

    在許多令人印象深刻的鉅片中擔任不可或缺的要角

  • But getting them to perform on camera is no easy task.

    不過要讓牠們在鏡頭中演出並不是件簡單的事

  • - Rosie, lift up your leg. This leg.

    Rosie,把你的腳抬起來,這隻腳

  • Come on.

    快點

  • Oh see, she did this one.

    你看,妳抬了這隻腳

  • Oh, there she goes.

    啊,她抬起來了

  • And that's just a little trick of putting a little pressure

    有個小技巧是,在她的後腳施點壓力

  • on her back leg that causes her front leg to come up.

    她就會把前腳抬起來了

  • - [Announcer] That's Steven Kutcher.

    這是 Steven Kutcher

  • He's an entomologist and the go to guy

    他是位昆蟲學家

  • for all things bugs in Hollywood.

    也是好萊塢首屈一指的昆蟲專家

  • He's worked with a variety of insects on over 100 films

    他曾經在超過一百部電影中指導過不同的昆蟲

  • in his career including "Arachnophobia," "Jurassic Park,"

    他曾合作的電影有《小魔星》、《侏羅紀公園》

  • and "Spider-Man."

    和《蜘蛛人》

  • - Understanding insect behavior is really the key.

    關鍵是要瞭解昆蟲的習性

  • It's not training them because you don't have time

    其實不是要訓練他們,因為

  • to train them in the film industry.

    在電影業中你根本沒有時間

  • When you work with insects, you wanna corral the insects.

    跟昆蟲工作時,你會想要限制住他們的活動範圍

  • You wanna be able to control them.

    你會想要控制他們

  • - [Announcer] He's used a number of different techniques

    他用了許多不同的方法

  • to get the bugs to move in the right direction

    來使蟲子們移動到不同的方向

  • involving lights, air, and temperature.

    像是使用當光、空氣和溫度

  • - Let's say you're a bug.

    假設你是一隻蟲

  • How can I make you move?

    我要如何讓你移動呢?

  • Well, I could blow air at you, like 60 miles an hour air.

    嗯...我可以向你吹氣,大概以時速 60 的氣流來吹

  • You're going to move.

    你絕對會移動

  • I could light a little fire under you

    我也可以在你下方點火

  • or set you on something that's really hot.

    或是把你放在某個很燙的東西上

  • You're gonna get up out of your seat and move.

    你絕對會從你的椅子跳起來然後移動

  • I could chill down the room.

    我也可以把房間的溫度降低

  • - [Announcer] For example, let's take a look

    舉例來說,我們來看看

  • at one of the most famous and terrifying spider films

    一部很有名也很驚悚的蜘蛛相關電影

  • of all time, "Arachnophobia."

    《小魔星》

  • - The great thing about that film was it was before CGI.

    這部電影最棒的地方是,他是在有電腦成像之前所拍攝的

  • So we had to do everything real except for one shot.

    所以除了其中一幕之外,我們都得來真的

  • - [Announcer] He devised a clever yet simple rig

    他發明了一個很簡單卻很聰明的裝置

  • to get all the spiders where they needed to be.

    來讓蜘蛛們待在牠們需要的地方

  • - They would say, "We want a spider to crawl into a slipper

    他們會要求說「我們想要一隻蜘蛛爬進一隻拖鞋裡,

  • "from four feet away."

    大約從四尺遠的地方。」

  • So I came up with this idea of invisible vibrating wires.

    所以我想到用隱形、可震動的鐵線

  • Chance of vibrating wires that you couldn't see,

    這些震動的鐵線是你看不見的

  • the camera couldn't see.

    連攝影幾都拍不到

  • But I could make the spider go directly to the spot

    不過我卻能讓蜘蛛直直地朝

  • I wanted it to go.

    我要的方向去

  • - [Announcer] Kutcher's first big Hollywood gig

    Kutcher 的第一部好萊塢大片是

  • was on the "Exorcist II" and it involved working with

    《大法師續集》

  • three thousand live locusts.

    和三千隻活蝗蟲一起拍攝

  • - There's a scene where James Earl Jones has to look

    有一幕是 James Earl Jones

  • at a cage of locusts and the locusts were all on the ground.

    要往一個滿滿都是蝗蟲的籠子裡看,但蝗蟲全都在底部

  • But how do you move hundreds of locusts up on the screen?

    要怎麼做才能把好幾百隻蝗蟲移到上面好讓鏡頭拍攝呢?

  • I said, "Get a light, a studio light that gives off heat

    我說:「找一座燈來,可以發熱又

  • "and shining against the side of the cage."

    能夠照亮籠子的大燈來。」

  • And they did and all the locusts moved up onto the cage

    他真的找來一座燈,而且蝗蟲也都爬上籠子了

  • to be near the heat.

    就是為了要更靠近那座燈

  • Then they took the light away.

    就後就可以把燈移走了

  • - [Announcer] In "Jurassic Park,"

    在電影《侏羅紀公園》裡

  • Kutcher was the man responsible

    Kucher 是當時負責那隻

  • for the iconic dead mosquitoes in amber.

    在琥珀石裡的死蚊子

  • - So it's supposed to be a mosquito.

    那應該是隻蚊子

  • First, it's really a crane fly.

    但其實那是一隻大蚊

  • And I put antenna from another insect on the crane fly.

    而且我還把其他昆蟲的觸角放到那隻大蚊上

  • I took a bent insect pin and made it for its mouth part.

    我拿了一隻彎曲的針來做成他的嘴部

  • I created the wings.

    我還做了他的翅膀

  • - [Announcer] And he worked with a live mosquito

    他還曾經跟蚊子一起在

  • in the DNA Explainer video.

    《DNA Explainer》這部影片中合作

  • - So I would chill the mosquito down

    我會把蚊子冰起來

  • so that it wouldn't move.

    直到他們動不了

  • And then I would drip honey on it.

    然後我會滴蜂蜜在他們身上

  • And then it got tumbled down with the honey.

    而他們就會順著蜂蜜滑下去

  • - [Announcer] In the 2002 movie "Spider-Man,"

    在 2002 年的《蜘蛛人》電影中,

  • there's a scene where Peter Parker first gets bitten.

    有一幕是 Peter Parker 第一次被叮咬

  • Kutcher was actually above Toby McGuire with a paint brush.

    Kutcher 其實就拿著刷子站在 Toby McGuire 上面

  • - And what the spider will do is it will crawl

    蜘蛛會爬到刷子的

  • along the edge until it reaches this part

    邊緣然後

  • and then it will hang on.

    順勢而下

  • And I would just tap it like this which would cause

    我會輕輕地抖一下刷子

  • the spider to web down.

    讓蜘蛛順著蜘蛛絲再往下墜

  • - [Announcer] While he says he rarely ever gets bitten

    他說他幾乎沒有被咬過

  • or stung, he takes precautions

    或叮過,他也會做好預防措施

  • to protect the other human actors.

    來保護其他演員們

  • In "Roadhouse 66," Judge Reinhold is driving a car

    在 Roadhouse 66 這部電影中,Judge Reinhold 在開車

  • and I had to have a scorpion crawl over his shoulder.

    我需要把一隻蠍子放在他的肩膀上

  • So I put a little cap on the scorpion's stinger

    所以我在蠍子夾子上套上一個小套子

  • that looked like the stinger so it wouldn't hurt him.

    那個套子看起來還是有夾子的形狀,但卻不會傷到他

  • - [Announcer] And there's also a rule on set

    在片場有個規定是

  • that no bugs are hurt during production.

    拍片期間不能有任何的蟲受傷

  • - In making of a movie, you can't harm a cockroach,

    在拍攝電影期間,你不能傷害蟑螂、

  • or a fly, or a maggot.

    蒼蠅或是一隻蛆

  • But if the fly flies to craft service, you can swat it.

    但如果有隻蒼蠅飛到用餐區,你可以直接打下去

  • - [Announcer] He can get some of his bugs from pet suppliers,

    他可以從他的供應商那取得大部分的昆蟲

  • but most he goes out and collects himself.

    但他其實更常自己親自到戶外蒐集

  • And Kutcher's home is also full of bugs, by choice.

    Kutcher 家裡有各式各樣的昆蟲

  • - Right now, I have mosquitoes, crane flies, caterpillars

    現在我有不同品種的蚊子、大蚊、毛毛蟲

  • in my refrigerator.

    在我的冰箱裡

  • The world is filled with people who do not like insects

    世界上充滿了許多不喜歡昆蟲的人

  • which is a great opportunity to teach those people

    這也是個好機會來教育這些人

  • the joys and wonders of all of the arthropods in the world

    關於節肢動物的美好及驚奇

  • and how you can relate to them.

    而且是大家可以感同身受的

  • And when you understand how they work,

    當你了解牠們是如何運作時

  • the world is a better place.

    這個世界就會變得更美好了呢!

  • - To make the spider go, I just tap her back legs.

    如果要讓蜘蛛走,我只要拍拍牠的後腳

  • And this gets her to crawl up.

    而這樣做的話會讓他往上爬

  • To make her stop, I cover her eyes.

    如果要讓它停下來,我會遮住她的眼睛

  • She has eight eyes.

    她有八隻眼睛

  • She's just looking for a dark place.

    他只是想找個暗暗的地方

- [Announcer] Some of the biggest stars in Hollywood

有些好萊塢的大牌明星

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電視電影裡的蟲是怎麼被訓練的? (How Bugs Are Trained For TV And Movies)

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    HsiangLanLee 發佈於 2018 年 07 月 23 日
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