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  • Hi, my name is Rebecca from www.engvid.com.

    嗨!我是 engVid 的 Rebecca。

  • In today's lesson, you'll learn how to express yourself when you don't know something in English.

    今天我們要來學習如何用英文表達「我不知道」。

  • This is actually such an easy method that I think by the end of this lesson, you'll already start using it.

    不用擔心,真的很簡單。看完影片後,就會使用了!

  • So, let's have a look at the board and see how it works.

    一起來看看白板上的字。

  • You start by using the phrase: "I don't know", and you connect it to one of these words or expressions.

    首先,用「I don't know」開頭,然後加上以下單字詞組。

  • For example: "I don't know who is going to the party." "I don't know what to do." "I don't know what to say." "I don't know what to cook."

    例如,我不知道誰會去舞會;我不知道該怎麼辦;我不知道要說什麼;我不知道要煮什麼。

  • Right? "I don't know when he's arriving." "I don't know where my glasses are." "I don't know why she left her job." "I don't know how to reach him."

    我不知道他何時會來;我不知道我的眼鏡去哪了;我不知道她為什麼辭職;我不知道怎麼連絡他。

  • "I don't know how to drive." "I don't know how to swim." And so on.

    我不會開車;我不會游泳,等等。

  • "I don't know how much it costs." "I don't know how many people were at the concert."

    我不知道這要多少錢;我不知道多少人去了那場演唱會。

  • "I don't know how often he goes to the club." "I don't know whether Jane has arrived."

    我不知道他多久去一次夜店;我不知道 Jane 到了沒。

  • "Whether", spelt like this: "whether" means "if". All right? It's another word for "if"

    Whether 和 if 的意思一樣,都是「是否」的意思。

  • "I don't know whether Jane has arrived yet." "I don't know if I locked the door." "I don't know if I locked the door."

    我不知道 Jane 是否到了;我不知道門是否有鎖。

  • So, you can see that by using that one expression "I don't know" with any of these words, you can express a range of information.

    只要「I don't know」和下列這些字詞並用,就能傳達許多意思。

  • Now, a couple of points to keep in mind.

    還有幾點要注意。

  • You can use this expression and combine it with present, past, or future tense.

    「I don't know...」在現在、過去和未來式都可以使用。

  • What do I mean? Well, you could say, "I don't know who usually goes to his parties." That's present tense.

    什麼意思呢?比如,你可以說:「我不知道誰通常會去他的派對」也就是現在式。

  • "I don't know who went to his party." Past tense.

    「我不知道誰去過他的派對」這就會是過去式。

  • Or "I don't know who is going to his party." Future tense. Right?

    或是未來式的「我不知道誰會去他的派對。」懂嗎?

  • So you can do this with all of these words; you can use it in the present, in the past, or in the future.

    這些字和詞組都可以用在過去、現在、或未來式。

  • And one last, very important point to keep in mind, regarding the word "know", regarding the verb "know".

    最後,非常非常重要的一點,注意動詞 know 的用法。

  • The verb "know" is a stative verb. A stative verb means that you cannot use it in the continuous form.

    Know 是狀態動詞,不能用在進行式中。

  • You can only use it in the simple form, like this.

    只能用在簡單式,像白板上寫的這樣。

  • So you can only say "I don't know", not "I am not knowing."

    所以,你可以說「I don't know」,但不能說「I'm not knowing.」

  • Many people in different parts of the world use... tend to use continuous forms for everything in English,

    很多外語人士人講英文時,習慣什麼都用進行式,

  • but you have to be really careful not to use the continuous forms with stative verbs.

    但使用「狀態動詞」時,一定要注意不能用進行式。

  • "Know" is a very common stative verb; there are many others like it.

    除了 know 這個常見的狀態動詞外,其他狀態動詞也一樣。

  • So other than that, you're fine.

    除此之外,你們都知道如何使用。

  • You couldn't say... sorry, you could also say: "I don't know" or "I didn't know". All right?

    你也可以用過去式 I didn't know。

  • So you could use this part, but remember not to change the verb "know".

    可以改變 don't 的部分,但 know 本身不能任意改變。

  • If you'd like to practice this, please go to our website at www.engvid.com.

    如果你想要練習的話,可以上 www.engvid.com。

  • There, you'll find a quiz on this subject.

    上面有些和這主題相關的測驗。

  • And if you found this lesson useful, please subscribe to my channel on YouTube.

    如果覺得本課程有用,也可以訂閱我的 Youtube 頻道。

  • Good luck with your English. Bye for now.

    祝你英文越來越進步,掰掰啦!

Hi, my name is Rebecca from www.engvid.com.

嗨!我是 engVid 的 Rebecca。

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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 動詞 未來式 進行式 過去式 狀態 派對

教你十種 I don't know 的延伸用法! (10 ways to say "I don't know" in English)

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