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  • Our planet may be more connected than ever, but loneliness has doubled in America since the 80's with more than 40% of adults saying they are lonely.

    現今世界的聯繫比以往更強,但自 80 年代起,美國人卻感到加倍寂寞,有超過 40% 的成年人認為自己是寂寞的。

  • So, should you be worried if you feel the same?


  • Can loneliness...kill you?


  • Loneliness is a psychological mechanism designed to motivate you to seek out social interactions, but it's highly subjective.


  • In other words, if you feel lonely, then you are lonely.


  • And it doesn't necessarily mean you're a loner or have no friends, it just means that the social interactions that are necessary to you are not being met.


  • We often think of loneliness as something that affects the elderly, but a recent study found that young people aged 16-24 felt lonely more than any other group of adults.

    我們經常認為寂寞感是老年人才會有的感受,但近期研究顯示 16-24 歲的年輕人比其他成年族群更容易感到寂寞。

  • In one painful study, scientists found that being lonely made cold symptoms worse.


  • Hundreds of healthy people completed a loneliness scale test and then were given nasal drops containing the common cold virus - blugh!

    幾百名健康的受試者在完成寂寞測試量表後,使用了含有常見感冒病毒的滴鼻液 - 好噁!

  • At this point, these poor, sick-induced participants were quarantined in hotel rooms for 5 days and those who reported being more lonely prior to the test also reported more significant cold symptoms.

    此時,這些染上感冒病毒的可憐受試者已經在旅館中被隔離了 5 天,而寂寞測試量表中顯示較寂寞的人,也出較嚴重的感冒症狀。

  • Have you ever noticed that food tastes better when you're hungry?


  • Scientists have actually seen the same phenomenon with loneliness.


  • When hooked up to fMRI machines and shown either an image of a loved one or a stranger, those who tested higher on the UCLA Loneliness Scale showed a bigger response in the reward system of the brain when shown a picture of a loved one, while those who were not very lonely had a similar response between the loved one and stranger.


  • This helps us see that it's not that lonely individuals lack close relationships, but rather, that they long for greater social interaction.


  • Chronic loneliness can also change your body on a cellular level.


  • Research has found that lonely people have 209 different gene expressions in some of their white blood cells, including increased activity of pro-inflammatory transcription factor.

    研究發現,寂寞的人在他們的某些白血球中,有 209 個不同的基因表現,包含促炎轉錄因子的活性增加。

  • Now, inflammation is an important response to injury, but chronic inflammation wreaks havoc on your body.


  • As a result, we see that poor social relationships show a 29% increase in coronary heart disease and 32% increase of a stroke.

    因此我們發現,社交關係差的人得到冠狀動脈性心臟病的機率增加了 29%,中風機率也增加了 32%。

  • Overall, people with strong social relationships have a 50% increased likelihood of survival overall.

    總體來說,有穩固社交關係的人可能存活的機率高了 50%。

  • That means they are much less likely to die over the same period of time, making loneliness as deadly of a risk factor as smoking 15 cigarettes a day, lack of exercise or obesity!

    這表示在同樣一段時間內,他們比較不可能死,這讓寂寞的致命風險相當於每天抽 15 根菸、不運動或肥胖症!

  • So yes, loneliness can increase your chance of death.


  • And the increased number of lonely people may be related to shifts in our culture, global capitalism and its focus on the individual has changed our ability to access social connection.


  • If you're feeling lonely, know that you're, well, not alone.

    如果你感到寂寞,你要知道,你… 並不孤單。

  • It isn't usually a reflection of your likability.


  • And one small step you can make today to feel more connected.


  • Try to make more intentional eye contact, whether with those you know, or even a passerby on the street.


  • Studies have found that eye contact is a gesture that makes both parties involved feel more in touch with humankind.


Our planet may be more connected than ever, but loneliness has doubled in America since the 80's with more than 40% of adults saying they are lonely.

現今世界的聯繫比以往更強,但自 80 年代起,美國人卻感到加倍寂寞,有超過 40% 的成年人認為自己是寂寞的。

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B2 中高級 中文 美國腔 寂寞 感冒 量表 社交 機率 因子

真的有可能寂寞到死嗎?(Can Loneliness Kill You?)

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    Evangeline 發佈於 2021 年 04 月 02 日