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  • Hey, what's up guys this video is about how to form daily habits that support your language learning

    這個部影片是教導有關如何養成每天學習語言的習慣

  • so you won't even have to think about it.

    所以你不需特別去學習它

  • I'm gonna share with you 17 habits that have helped me learn languages in the past.

    我將分享 17 個過去幫助我學習語言的習慣

  • What works for me might not work for you,

    對我有用不一定對你也有用

  • But I always recommend trying new things, and all of these habits are at least worth a try.

    但我建議你們嘗試新事物,而這些習慣確實值得試看看

  • In order to automate my study,

    為了自動化我的學習

  • I create a schedule of various triggers

    我創造了各式各樣的動機

  • throughout my daily routine. Triggers are anything you do on a daily basis that you can use to remind yourself to do something

    充滿我的日常生活。動機是藉由你每天會做的事情去提醒你去做某些事情

  • in your target language, and the key is that this becomes an automatic

    與你要學習的目標語言相關,而關鍵在這將會變成一個自發的

  • habit every time you reach that trigger. I divide these triggers into three main groups:

    習慣,每當你接觸到這個動機時。我將這些動機分成 3 個主要部分:

  • right before going to bed, right after waking up, and then various trigger times throughout the day, such as

    在上床睡覺前、起床後以及一整天的其他時候,例如

  • eating breakfast, getting into the car, taking a shower,

    吃早餐時、上車時或洗澡時

  • things like that. The last group is the broadest so that's what I'm going to talk about first. The easiest way to schedule a routine

    諸如此類。最後一類是最廣的,所以我要先講它。排日常排程最簡單的方式是

  • is to identify any time of day that you normally listen to music or any time of day that you can listen to music.

    先找出一天中的某個時候你通常會聽音樂或你可以聽音樂的時間

  • Then you're gonna use that time to listen to either

    然後你將用這個時間去聽

  • music in your foreign language, Pimsleur CDs or other audio courses that you can use to learn the language,

    與你將學習的目標語言相關的音樂、Pimsleur CDs 或其他有聲課程來幫助你學習語言

  • podcasts in the foreign language, or

    還有外語廣播或

  • Audiobooks that you can find online. I did a video last year about how every time I get into the car

    在網路上可找到的有聲書。我去年拍了一部影片有關我如何一進入我的車

  • I automatically put in a Pimsleur CD, and that's an automatic trigger, so I'm studying every time I'm in the car.

    就自發地撥放 Pimsleur CDs,而那就是我的動機,所以每當我一進到車內就開始學習外語

  • I'm also studying every time

    我也隨時在學習

  • I'm in the shower. I went to a garage sale and bought an old pair of computer speakers for like four dollars,

    當我在洗澡時。我去清倉拍賣的地方花了約 4 美元買了一對喇叭

  • and I put those in my bathroom.

    放在我的浴室

  • I also have this old mp3 player that I loaded a bunch of audio files onto, and then I put that on every time

    我甚至還下載了很多聲音檔進去這個舊 mp3 裡,並在我每次洗澡時播放它

  • I'm taking a shower.

    我在洗澡

  • And it's an easy way to learn while I would otherwise just be

    這是一個連我在洗頭時都可以做無意識的學習方法

  • mindlessly washing my hair. If you spend a lot of time cooking or cleaning your house,

    如果當你花很多時間在煮菜或清掃家裡時,這也是一個絕佳的機會去練習你的語言

  • this is the perfect opportunity to practice your languages because you might already listen to music or podcasts or

    因為你本來就習慣會在做那些事的時候聽些音樂、廣播或有聲書

  • Audiobooks while you do that stuff. If you work a tedious job that doesn't require a whole lot of mental capacity,

    如果你做的工作不需消耗太多腦力,這也是用這個方法學習的絕佳的機會

  • this is also the perfect opportunity. I used to work on a goat farm in El Salvador

    我曾在薩爾瓦多的一個牧羊場工作

  • where just spent hours a day carrying grass from the meadow into the goat farm

    在那我花費大部分的時間從牧場將草帶到牧羊場給羊吃

  • So they could eat. And every day, I would just put in my headphones

    每天我會戴上我的耳機

  • And I would listen to coffee break Spanish, which is a spanish-language podcast.

    收聽一個西班牙廣播節目 coffee break Spanish

  • And I would listen to that for hours every day, and it was really successful.

    然後我一聽就是好幾個小時,這樣幫助我很多

  • I also had a friend who works in a factory and she just pulls a lever all day every day for her job.

    我也有位朋友她是在工廠工作,而她每天工作內容就是拉控制桿

  • So she doesn't have to think a whole lot and she's able to listen to music or to

    她不需花太多腦力在上面,因此她能夠聽音樂

  • audiobooks or whatever she wants to listen to.

    有聲書或任何她想聽的當她在工作時

  • Every time you go for a run or go to the gym

    每次你去跑步或健身房時

  • This is perfect because you don't have to spend a whole lot of mental energy

    又是一個你不用花太多腦力

  • thinking about doing those activities.

    從事那些活動的絕佳的時機

  • You can do all those things while focusing on listening to the audio files that are helping you learn your language.

    你可以在從事那些活動時,專注的聽你撥放的能幫助你學習語言的有聲檔

  • I also have a bunch of triggers throughout the day that helped me remember to read in my foreign language.

    我的生活中還有很多個動機能提醒我閱讀有關我要學習的外語

  • I always keep a foreign language book sitting right next to my bathtub

    我總是放一本外語書在我的浴缸旁

  • and so every time I go to take a bath, which is probably once or twice a week,

    每當我有機會泡澡時,可能一個禮拜一次或兩次

  • I'll grab that book and it's a nice relaxing way to spend half an hour reading in my foreign language.

    我就會拿起那本書,一邊放鬆地泡澡一邊花一個半小時讀我的外語書

  • I've talked about this a lot in my other videos,

    我在我其他的影片中有多次提到過

  • but if you have a phone or a computer or a tablet or anything you can go into the settings on that

    如果你可以進入你的手機、桌上型電腦、筆電或任何裝置的語言設定

  • device change it to the language that you're learning and this is gonna be a great way to force yourself to

    將它們都改成你要學習的外語,那將會是一個強迫你自動閱讀的一個好方法,每當你使用到它們時

  • automatically have to study every time you use your phone you can also do this with Facebook with Wikipedia with

    你一樣可以改變你的 Facebook、Wikipedia 或 YouTube 的語言設定

  • YouTube and then you're gonna be learning every time you go to those websites.

    而你將會在每次去瀏覽這些網站時學習外語

  • Along those same lines. I use Google Calendar to schedule events during my day.

    同樣的概念,我有用 Google Calendar 來安排我的日常行程

  • And I write them in foreign languages,

    而我用外語來寫它們

  • so that way right before I go to that class or go to whatever I have scheduled,

    就在我去上某堂課或去做任何我安排的事以前

  • I get a little notification

    我會收到提醒

  • in the language that I'm learning and I pronounced it silently to myself or

    且是用我要學習的外語。而我會在心裡默唸一次

  • out loud if no one else is around, and this is just a great way to give yourself little opportunities to practice pronunciation

    或唸出來,如果沒有人在旁邊的話,而這將是你於一天中練習發音的好機會

  • throughout the day without having to schedule a whole block of time for practicing. A few months ago

    比起特意安排一天中的某段時間專門做這件事好。幾個月以前

  • I did a video about how to use sticky notes to learn your language.

    我拍了一部影片,有關如何使用便利貼學習外語

  • And I just placed these all around my house on different things.

    我把便利貼貼在我家的任何地方

  • And every time I see my sticky notes somewhere around my house throughout the day,

    每天當我在家看到我貼的便利貼

  • that's a little trigger that reminds me to practice my language, and then I pronounce the word of...

    將會成為我的動機,提醒我去練習外語

  • whatever the word is of the item that I'm looking at and that's a great way to give myself

    而我將會用外語唸出便利貼上寫的內容,藉由這樣的方式提醒我每天練習外語

  • little reminders to practice all throughout the day. You're also naturally gonna get a lot of practice throughout the day by forming personal

    你也可以藉由與講外語的人士交朋友而獲得很多練習的機會

  • relationships with people that speak your target language. If you already hang out with friends to speak your language, then that's perfect.

    如果你已經結交到此類型的朋友的話將會非常完美,因為你不需要找了

  • You don't have to look any further, but if there's nobody in your area that speaks your language,

    但如果你身邊沒有此類型的朋友

  • you can go on websites like interpals or apps like

    你可以到一些網站,像是 interpals

  • HelloTalk or Lingbe,

    或利用 apps 像是 HelloTalk 或 Lingbe

  • And these are a great ways to connect with native speakers of the language that you're learning.

    這將會是一個結交母語人士朋友的好方法

  • Once you've made some friends that speak your target language all you have to do is just make it a habit of talking to them

    當你結交到外語朋友之後,你只要每天盡情地與他們聊天就好

  • on a daily basis. Talk to them on Facebook Messenger and whatsapp,

    可以用 Facebook Messenger、 whatsapp 或追蹤他們在 Twitter 或 Instagram 上的動態

  • follow them on Twitter or on Instagram, and start doing things that normal friends do in everyday life.

    且開始做些一般朋友會做的互動

  • Leave comments on their photos in your target language.

    像是用外語向他們發布的照片留言

  • Just start interacting with them and become part of the community in a natural way,

    開始與他們互動並自然地成為社群的一份子

  • just as if you are a native speaker of that language. This next step might be a little controversial,

    彷彿你也是母語人士那樣。但下一步可能會有點爭議

  • but if you can find a boyfriend or a girlfriend that speaks your target language, and

    如果你能找到講外語的男朋友或女朋友的話

  • especially if this is someone that doesn't speak your native language,

    尤其是他們也不會說你的語言時

  • then you are golden.

    那就更棒了

  • Because this is somebody that you're gonna want to spend time talking to every day you're gonna want to talk to them you're gonna want

    因為那將會成為你想要每天說話、傳訊息或 Skype 的對象

  • to message them you're gonna want to Skype with them. I mean you don't have to force yourself to practice. This is just something

    我的意思是你不需要勉強自己去做這件事

  • that's gonna come very naturally because you want to do it, and

    而是出自於內心的想要做這些事

  • interpersonal communication is

    而人與人之間的溝通

  • probably the best way of improving your language skills.

    大概是最佳的增進語言能力的方式了

  • I'm not saying you should start dating someone just so that you can use them for language practice,

    我並不是鼓勵你需要開始找一個你能利用來學習外語的人約會

  • but it is gonna be a big help if you can find someone that speaks your target language.

    只是說如果有這個機會的話將會幫助你很多

  • The second main trigger time is right before you go to sleep.

    第二個誘發動機的好時機就是在你上床睡覺前

  • I usually do a little bit of language study when I'm already in bed with the blankets over me right before I pass out.

    我通常會在我躺在床上,還蓋著毯子,但睡著前的時候讀一點外語書

  • Psychologists say that right before bedtime is statistically one of the best times to memorize things because

    心理學家說過統計上最好的記憶時機就是在睡覺前

  • while you're sleeping, your brain is

    當你睡著時,你的大腦

  • naturally gonna be going over some of the stuff that you had just been learning about

    將自動地回想起你在睡著前

  • right before you went to bed,

    剛剛學過的東西

  • so this is a great strategy for solidifying a lot of the things that you were learning into memories while you sleep.

    因此睡著前的學習將會是鞏固記憶的好策略

  • I usually do something easy because I don't want to strain myself mentally right before going to bed.

    我通常會在睡前做些簡單的事,因為我不想造成睡前的心理壓力

  • So I have a book in Spanish sitting right next to my bed that I read for 10 or 20 minutes right before falling asleep.

    所以我放一本西班牙的書在床旁邊,而我每天睡前讀個 10-20 分鐘

  • Sometimes I'll go on YouTube and look up guided meditations in my target language. And these sound kind of weird and fruity,

    有時候我會上 YouTube 看一些外語的禪修冥想影片

  • but really it's just someone speaking softly in your target language, and they're helping you to relax,

    這聽起來很奇怪,不過就是有人用外語輕聲的說話來讓你放鬆

  • and they're just saying nice positive things until you eventually drift to sleep. In fact a lot of times

    說些正向的話語直到你睡著

  • I'll type in "guided meditation for falling asleep"

    我通常會在 YouTube 搜尋「guided meditation for falling asleep」

  • and

  • This is just a really nice relaxing way to end your day in the language that you're learning.

    這將會是用外語結束一天最輕鬆的方式

  • I also sometimes use my Memrise app right before going to bed. I do this because bedtime is statistically the best time for forming memories, and

    我有時候會在睡前使用 Memrise app。因為睡前是鞏固記憶的好時機

  • Memrise itself is not that mentally strenuous,

    睡前使用 Memrise 不會對心理有太大刺激

  • so I don't feel like I'm putting a lot of stress on myself right before going to bed. It's pretty easy,

    因此我不會覺得在睡前有壓力

  • It's pretty chill you just play through a few levels

    它使用上非常簡單容易上手,你只要玩個幾回合後去睡覺

  • and then go to bed. My last trigger time where I always practice my language is right after waking up.

    最後一個我誘發學習外語動機的時間是在我起床後

  • And I think this is one of the best times to practice your language because you're setting yourself up for the rest of the day.

    我認為那是一天最好的時間因為你已經調整好自己迎接新的一天

  • To be thinking in that language and you want to set yourself in the mode and get yourself prepared,

    用外語模式來思考讓自己準備好

  • and set yourself up to be practicing that language throughout the day.

    一整天的外語學習

  • One of the things that I do is I have a notebook sitting right next to my bed, and I'll memorize

    我做的其中一件事就是放一本筆記本在我的床旁邊

  • predetermined phrases that I want to memorize in that language.

    然後回想我想要記起來的外語片語

  • I like to memorize phrases that have kind of a weird construction or something that I'm not totally

    我喜歡記住那些有奇怪結構或我

  • familiar with yet or

    還不熟悉

  • anything, that's

    等其他

  • significantly different in my target language from my native language. If you memorize these predetermined phrases,

    與我母語截然不同的片語

  • then you'll start to kind of internalize those rules.

    如果你記住了這些預先設定的片語,你將開始熟悉並內化這些句子的規則

  • And they'll feel more natural to you as you progress in the language. A lot of times

    而當的外語學習有一定進展後會使你用的更為自然

  • I memorize Bible verses, but you can also do song lyrics or lines of poetry or

    我大多去記一些聖經上的詩句,但你可以去記一些歌詞或詩句或一些你在書上讀到的片語

  • phrases from a book that you've read. It's a good idea to have a pencil next to you while you're reading your favorite book in

    隨時在你身旁放一支鉛筆是很好的方法,當你閱讀你喜觀的外語書時

  • Your target language, and then every time you run into a weird sentence that you don't fully understand or

    每當你遇到比較特別你不了解的句子或

  • It's a little more advanced sentence that you want to use to push yourself or even if it's just a sentence that

    進階的,你想要學起來增加外語程度的句子

  • uses a

    或是

  • construction that you're not entirely familiar with but you're trying to learn.

    一些你不熟悉的有特殊結構的句子,你想學起來的

  • These are all good candidates for sentences to write down in your notebook, and then use those to memorize

    這些都值得寫在你的筆記本中,去記住它們

  • to help push yourself to learn and internalize these rules. And then you just spend five or ten minutes every morning when you wake up

    督促你學習並內化這些規則,而你卻只要每天早上起床花 5-10 分鐘

  • memorizing these sentences,

    去記住這些句子

  • and it's a really nice way to start your day in the foreign language.

    這會是一個用外語開啟一天的好方法

  • Another thing that I do a lot in the morning is journal, and I always journal in my target language and

    另外一個我在常在早上做的是寫日誌,我通常用外語寫

  • you might think that it would be a

    你可能會覺得

  • little more logical to

    比較合理

  • journal when you go to bed at night while your memories of that day are still fresh in your mind, and that's true,

    認為寫日誌的時機應該是在睡前才對,因為那是你對一天中發生的事情記憶最深刻的時候

  • but I just prefer to do it in the morning

    沒錯 ! 但只是我個人喜歡在早上做

  • on days where I have some free time. And you're not limited to these things. Anything that you can think of to do right in

    因為我早上比較有空,所以你不需要跟我一樣

  • the morning, right after you wake up,

    任何你想要在起床後做的事然後又可以幫助你學外語的事你都可以做

  • if you stay consistent with that, then that's gonna be a really big help. And the morning when you wake up before you have any

    如果你持續堅持著,將會幫助你很多。早上剛起床還沒開始一天任何工作的時候

  • commitments during your day. This is a really good time to commit yourself to whatever study method you choose, and it's easier to stay consistent

    是一個開始外語學習好時間,無論你以什麼學習方式,都比較容易持續

  • before all of your commitments throughout the day start happening. So thanks for watching my video.

    在還沒開始一天中的任何工作前。感謝收看我的頻道

  • I hope you implement some of these language learning habits into your daily life.

    我希望你們可以使用這些我介紹的學習外語習慣

  • If you like the video be sure to like and subscribe, and I'll see you guys next week.

    如果你喜歡我的頻道別忘了訂閱,下個禮拜見

Hey, what's up guys this video is about how to form daily habits that support your language learning

這個部影片是教導有關如何養成每天學習語言的習慣

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影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 中文 美國腔 外語 學習 語言 睡著 習慣 時機

建立這 16 個好習慣,就能學好語言!(16 habits for learning languages)

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    Samuel 發佈於 2018 年 07 月 15 日
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