Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • Do you ever get the sense that rich people are more likely to be rude or self-centered?

    你會不會都曾一度覺得有錢人都比較沒禮貌或是自大?

  • Well, we decided it was time to find out whether or not rich people are actually more likely to be jerks.

    嗯,我們覺得是時候來看看是不是有錢人都那麼地討人厭

  • Ever been cut off while driving? It was more likely by a Mercedes than a 20 year old junker.

    有沒有在開車時被別人切過車?而且大概會是位 20 幾歲的小混蛋開的賓士車

  • Multiple studies have found that the more expensive your car is the more likely you are to

    許多研究指出開越是高檔車的人越會切別人的車子

  • not only cut in front of other vehicles but also drive through crosswalks when a pedestrian is waiting to cross.

    也不會理會正在等待通行的行人並直接穿越過人行道

  • In one study those with the most expensive cars cut pedestrians off 42% of the time.

    在其中一篇研究指出百分之 42 開高檔車的人會切入至人行道中

  • Now, imagine you waited in a line for 10 minutes to buy a coffee and a muffin at Starbucks.

    現在想像一下,你在星巴克排了 10 分鐘的隊為了要買一杯咖啡和鬆餅

  • But when you're a couple of blocks away you realize that the clerk gave

    但當你買好離開後,才發現店員

  • you change for $20 rather than for the $10 you gave him

    找了你 20 塊零錢而不是 10 塊

  • Do you A) savour your coffee and the free $10 or B) go back and return the change?

    選項 A) 你們會享受著咖啡和那多給的 10 元嗎? 還是 B) 走回店裡還錢呢?

  • It turns out those with more money are more likely to respond that they would keep it.

    結果發現有錢人的反應大都是將多給的錢收好

  • And the amount of money you have also affects how much you look at people.

    而且研究也指出你擁有多少財富也會影響你看待他人的方式

  • Using Google glass to track eye movements of people in a study walking around the block.

    用 Google 智能眼鏡來檢視路上行人的眼睛移動

  • Wealthy people spend significantly less time in social gazes. In other words,

    有錢人幾乎不會與他人有所眼神接觸。換句話說,

  • they're more likely to straight-up ignore other people.

    他們都比較會目中無人

  • But, certainly the rich are more generous in the poor, right, though the rich may cut a bigger check in the U.S.

    但有錢人對貧窮人絕對都比較慷慨。在美國的有錢人會寫下大數目的支票

  • Nationwide survey data shows that the wealthy contribute a lower percentage of their household income.

    全國性的調查指出有錢人捐助的錢少於他們所賺的錢

  • For example a household that makes under $25,000 in the u.s.. donate around 4.2% of their earnings,

    例如一個美國家庭賺低於 2.5 萬,大概會捐出 4.2 的收入

  • but those making $100,000 or more only contribute 2.7%.

    但那些賺 10 萬或更多的人,只會捐出 2.7 的收入

  • Even when people are arbitrarily put in charge or given power. It makes them more selfish.

    甚至當人們被賦予權力時,會使得他們變得更為自私

  • Imagine you're put into a group of 3 people to make some important policy recommendations and you're told you're in charge of the group.

    想像一下,你被放入一個三人的團體中,由你訂下基本規章並且主導整個團隊

  • A plate of 5 yummy cookies gets put in front of you.

    一盤裝著 5 塊美味的餅乾放在你們面前

  • And naturally everybody takes one. Do you take another?

    理所當然地每個人都可以拿一塊,那你會再拿一塊嗎?

  • It turns out in studies the person in charge is most likely to take the fourth cookie while everybody leaves the last one on the plate to be polite

    研究指出當全部的人都禮貌性地吃完一塊餅乾後,掌權的那一個人會是拿第四塊餅乾的人

  • So, our rude people just more likely to become rich? Or does being rich make you worse?

    所以是沒有禮貌的人比較能成為有錢人?還是有錢會使人變壞呢?

  • Counter to what we might believe people who are the most likely to gain power in a group are actually the emotionally intelligent

    相對地,我們通常都相信富有同情心與智慧的人會是團體中的領導人

  • ones who focus on others practice generosity and aren't the bullies

    他們能夠對他人展現出慷慨的心,並且不是霸稜者

  • Studies even find that college students at the top of the social hierarchy tend to be the most Pro-social

    研究甚至指出, 在社會階級之上的大學生們會是對社會最有影響的人,

  • and compassionate versus selfish. It all goes back to our hunter-gatherer roots where individuals who share food and resources,

    充滿著熱情而不是自私的。這可追朔至我們的根源:原始社会,每個人都會互相分享食物和資源

  • rise in ranks, but this leads to the power paradox. To gain power you need empathy.

    進而形成階級,並造成了權力矛盾。為了得到權力,你需要富有情感

  • But, once you feel powerful you become more self focused you can even see this in the brain when using FMRI scans.

    不過一旦你有權利後,你就會變得更加地自私。甚至可以從功能性磁振造影 (神經影像) 裡看到腦袋裡的變化

  • Areas like the prefrontal cortex that activate when understanding mental states or considering the thoughts of others,

    當感受到情緒狀態或是顧慮著他人時,在前頭葉這部分會有所活化,

  • show less activity in those with a higher social class

    在社會高層的人這部分較少活化

  • Poor people also have a greater ability to assess the emotional states of others have more interpersonal interactions, greater

    貧窮的人們會較有能力去判斷他人的情緒狀態,擁有比較好的人際關係,

  • eye contact, head nodding and laughing compared to richer people who are more likely to self groom, fidget or doodle.

    與他人的眼神接觸、點頭、並且微笑。相對地,有錢人比較自大、煩燥不安、或是心有所思

  • One possible explanation for this is that people with less materials resources and

    有一個可能的原因是因為擁有較少物質和資源的人們,

  • privilege rely more on others to meet their needs and this creates a pressure to be more emotionally intelligent.

    會比較依賴著他人來滿足自己的需求,而進而迫使自己成為一個富有情感以及智慧的人

  • So, of course not all rich people are jerks.

    所以當然囉!不是所有的有錢人都是混蛋!

  • But in general as your wealth increases your empathy decreases. Making rich people statistically more likely to be jerks

    但普遍而言,只要你的財富增加,你的同情心便會減少。使得有錢人數據上來說更像是個混蛋

  • For today's video, we've teamed up with Audible who's

    今天的影片,我們和 Audible 一起合作,Audible

  • offering everybody who's watching this video a chance to try them out for free for 30 days.

    提供觀看此影片的人免費試用他們的網站 30 天

  • All you have to do is go to audible.com/ASAP or a text ASAP to 500 500.

    你們就只要去 audible.com/ASAP 或是傳簡訊 ASAP 至 500 500

  • Download your first title and start listening. Listening is the best way to binge the content that you love while doing the things you love.

    快去下載你們第一個主題並開始聆聽。邊聆聽你們喜歡的主題邊做你們喜愛的事情是最好的,

  • And, Audible has the largest selection of audiobooks on this here said planet.

    而且 Audible 是軟體裡面中公認有非常多的主題可以選擇

  • Like our recommendation for today which is the influential mind by Tali Sharot,

    像今天我們所上傳的影片,靈感是來自 Tali Sharot

  • and she looks into how data isn't always the best way to change somebody's mind and

    她察覺數據不會一直是最好的方式來使他人信服,而且

  • instead looks at how our minds actually operate when we're forming opinions or trying to make arguments.

    不是思考我們的想法是怎麼奏效的,我們反而要想著怎麼建構自己的意見或是怎麼表達出自己的意見

  • Audible allows you to switch seamlessly between devices whether it's your car your tablet.

    Audible 可以在不同的裝置上觀看,不管是是在車上的平板

  • or your phone it will always keep you up to date on where you last left off.

    或是電話,你們一直都能夠收到最新的消息

  • That's audible.com/asap or text ASAP - 500 500.

    記得去搜尋 audible.com/asap 或是傳 ASAP 至 500 500

  • Thank you again as always for watching, and we will see you next Thursday for a new science video

    再次感謝你們的觀看,下禮拜四與你們在另一部新的科學影片再見

Do you ever get the sense that rich people are more likely to be rude or self-centered?

你會不會都曾一度覺得有錢人都比較沒禮貌或是自大?

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 美國腔 有錢人 指出 比較 混蛋 自私 研究

有錢人都很討人厭?(Are Rich People Worse Humans?)

  • 3952 383
    Samuel 發佈於 2018 年 06 月 11 日
影片單字