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  • Do you ever get the sense that rich people are more likely to be rude or self-centered?


  • Well, we decided it was time to find out whether or not rich people are actually more likely to be jerks.


  • Ever been cut off while driving? It was more likely by a Mercedes than a 20 year old junker.

    有沒有在開車時被別人切過車?而且大概會是位 20 幾歲的小混蛋開的賓士車

  • Multiple studies have found that the more expensive your car is the more likely you are to


  • not only cut in front of other vehicles but also drive through crosswalks when a pedestrian is waiting to cross.


  • In one study those with the most expensive cars cut pedestrians off 42% of the time.

    在其中一篇研究指出百分之 42 開高檔車的人會切入至人行道中

  • Now, imagine you waited in a line for 10 minutes to buy a coffee and a muffin at Starbucks.

    現在想像一下,你在星巴克排了 10 分鐘的隊為了要買一杯咖啡和鬆餅

  • But when you're a couple of blocks away you realize that the clerk gave


  • you change for $20 rather than for the $10 you gave him

    找了你 20 塊零錢而不是 10 塊

  • Do you A) savour your coffee and the free $10 or B) go back and return the change?

    選項 A) 你們會享受著咖啡和那多給的 10 元嗎? 還是 B) 走回店裡還錢呢?

  • It turns out those with more money are more likely to respond that they would keep it.


  • And the amount of money you have also affects how much you look at people.


  • Using Google glass to track eye movements of people in a study walking around the block.

    用 Google 智能眼鏡來檢視路上行人的眼睛移動

  • Wealthy people spend significantly less time in social gazes. In other words,


  • they're more likely to straight-up ignore other people.


  • But, certainly the rich are more generous in the poor, right, though the rich may cut a bigger check in the U.S.


  • Nationwide survey data shows that the wealthy contribute a lower percentage of their household income.


  • For example a household that makes under $25,000 in the u.s.. donate around 4.2% of their earnings,

    例如一個美國家庭賺低於 2.5 萬,大概會捐出 4.2 的收入

  • but those making $100,000 or more only contribute 2.7%.

    但那些賺 10 萬或更多的人,只會捐出 2.7 的收入

  • Even when people are arbitrarily put in charge or given power. It makes them more selfish.


  • Imagine you're put into a group of 3 people to make some important policy recommendations and you're told you're in charge of the group.


  • A plate of 5 yummy cookies gets put in front of you.

    一盤裝著 5 塊美味的餅乾放在你們面前

  • And naturally everybody takes one. Do you take another?


  • It turns out in studies the person in charge is most likely to take the fourth cookie while everybody leaves the last one on the plate to be polite


  • So, our rude people just more likely to become rich? Or does being rich make you worse?


  • Counter to what we might believe people who are the most likely to gain power in a group are actually the emotionally intelligent


  • ones who focus on others practice generosity and aren't the bullies


  • Studies even find that college students at the top of the social hierarchy tend to be the most Pro-social

    研究甚至指出, 在社會階級之上的大學生們會是對社會最有影響的人,

  • and compassionate versus selfish. It all goes back to our hunter-gatherer roots where individuals who share food and resources,


  • rise in ranks, but this leads to the power paradox. To gain power you need empathy.


  • But, once you feel powerful you become more self focused you can even see this in the brain when using FMRI scans.

    不過一旦你有權利後,你就會變得更加地自私。甚至可以從功能性磁振造影 (神經影像) 裡看到腦袋裡的變化

  • Areas like the prefrontal cortex that activate when understanding mental states or considering the thoughts of others,


  • show less activity in those with a higher social class


  • Poor people also have a greater ability to assess the emotional states of others have more interpersonal interactions, greater


  • eye contact, head nodding and laughing compared to richer people who are more likely to self groom, fidget or doodle.


  • One possible explanation for this is that people with less materials resources and


  • privilege rely more on others to meet their needs and this creates a pressure to be more emotionally intelligent.


  • So, of course not all rich people are jerks.


  • But in general as your wealth increases your empathy decreases. Making rich people statistically more likely to be jerks


  • For today's video, we've teamed up with Audible who's

    今天的影片,我們和 Audible 一起合作,Audible

  • offering everybody who's watching this video a chance to try them out for free for 30 days.

    提供觀看此影片的人免費試用他們的網站 30 天

  • All you have to do is go to or a text ASAP to 500 500.

    你們就只要去 或是傳簡訊 ASAP 至 500 500

  • Download your first title and start listening. Listening is the best way to binge the content that you love while doing the things you love.


  • And, Audible has the largest selection of audiobooks on this here said planet.

    而且 Audible 是軟體裡面中公認有非常多的主題可以選擇

  • Like our recommendation for today which is the influential mind by Tali Sharot,

    像今天我們所上傳的影片,靈感是來自 Tali Sharot

  • and she looks into how data isn't always the best way to change somebody's mind and


  • instead looks at how our minds actually operate when we're forming opinions or trying to make arguments.


  • Audible allows you to switch seamlessly between devices whether it's your car your tablet.

    Audible 可以在不同的裝置上觀看,不管是是在車上的平板

  • or your phone it will always keep you up to date on where you last left off.


  • That's or text ASAP - 500 500.

    記得去搜尋 或是傳 ASAP 至 500 500

  • Thank you again as always for watching, and we will see you next Thursday for a new science video


Do you ever get the sense that rich people are more likely to be rude or self-centered?



影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 美國腔 有錢人 指出 比較 混蛋 自私 研究

有錢人都很討人厭?(Are Rich People Worse Humans?)

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    Samuel 發佈於 2018 年 06 月 11 日