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  • Hey there!

    哈囉!

  • Welcome to Life Noggin!

    歡迎來到 Life Noggin

  • If you didn't already know, Ronbus is my best friend.

    如果你還不知道的話,Ronbus 是我最好的朋友

  • He's great, he's really good at soccer for some reason even though he's never played,

    他真的很棒,不知道為甚麼,即使他沒玩過足球,他卻十分擅長這項運動

  • and I want more friends just like him...

    而我多希望能有更多像他一樣的朋友....

  • Exactly like him.

    和他完全一樣的朋友

  • It's easy to clone in my world.

    在我的世界裡,複製是一件簡單的事

  • My animator can just copy and paste, and voila, I've got 20 best friends.

    只要我的動畫師複製貼上,你看!我就有二十個最好的朋友了

  • I am gonna need way more guacamole now.

    我想我需要更多的酪梨沙拉醬了

  • But what if you wanted to clone your best friend or even yourself?

    但,如果你想要複製你最好的朋友,甚至是你自己呢?

  • How would that even work?

    這又要如何辦到呢?

  • Cloning is the process of producing a genetically identical copy of a living organism.

    (基因) 複製是生產基因相同生物的過程

  • It can be done on many scales, from replicating basic DNA to a complete genetic copy of a

    複製可以在多個規模上完成,從複製最基本的基因,到完成一個

  • living thing.

    生物的基因副本

  • Scientists have cloned a bunch of animals in the last 100 years, most notably, the infamous

    科學家在過去一百多年來已經複製了許多動物,最為人所知的,就是 1996 年那臭名昭彰的

  • Dolly the Sheep in 1996.

    桃莉羊

  • Now, we've got cloned cows, horses, cats, and dogs running around and just recently,

    現今,我們已經有了複製乳牛,馬,貓和狗,而就在最近

  • two cloned monkeys joined the party.

    兩隻複製猴子也加入了行列

  • This party smells really bad guys... if we could just clean some stuff up a bit?

    這群動物實在不怎麼好聞...我們是不是可以先把現場清理一下呢?

  • If we can clone primates just like monkeys, can we do it with humans?

    如果我們可以複製像猴子這樣的靈長類動物,那麼我們是不是也可以複製人類呢?

  • The most successful and well-known method of cloning full living things is Somatic Cell

    最成功且為人稱道,能複製完整生物體的複製方法就是

  • Nuclear Transfer.

    體細胞核移植

  • Scientists take an ovum from a female of the species they're cloning and remove all the

    科學家從他們要複製的雌性生物體中取出卵子

  • DNA from inside.

    並且移除卵子內所有的DNA (脫氧核糖核酸)

  • Then, they take the nucleus of a somatic cell, like a skin cell, from the thing they want

    接著,他們取出體細胞核,就像由皮膚細胞取出它們想複製的基因一般,然後

  • to clone and insert it into the egg.

    將其植入卵子中

  • The egg is then implanted into a surrogate, who carries the egg until it's born.

    之後受精卵會被植入代理孕母體中,直到該複製生物出生

  • Now that scientists have cloned a non-human primate, we're closer than we've ever

    既然科學家已經成功複製非人之靈長類,我們

  • been to cloning a person, but there's still a ways to go.

    與複製人前所未有地靠近,但仍有一段距離

  • The success rate for these monkeys was super low, as it often is with cloning.

    成功複製猴子的機率是非常低的

  • The scientists started out with 127 eggs and only ended up with 2 monkeys, meaning their

    科學家提到在一百二十七個受精卵中僅產出兩隻猴子,這也代表著

  • success rate was only 1.6%.

    成功率僅有百分之一點六

  • One of the biggest struggles with cloning primates has to do with spindle proteins.

    其中,最大的問題在於複製靈長類時牽涉紡錘體蛋白

  • They're crucial in cell division and development, and, in humans, they reside in the nucleus

    它們對於細胞分裂與成長十分重要,而且就人體來說,紡錘體蛋白就位在

  • of an egg.

    受精卵的細胞核中

  • So, when the nucleus is removed to make room for the new DNA, those spindle proteins are

    因此,為了為新的 DNA 製造更多空間而移除細胞核時,紡錘體蛋白

  • removed too, making embryonic development that much harder.

    也同時會被移除,使得胚胎發展更加困難

  • Say we found solutions to biological issues like this, navigated our way through the complex

    假設我們找到了能解決上述盲點的方法,也成功突破複雜的

  • ethical implications, and successfully cloned a human,

    倫理議題,最終能成功複製人類

  • would your clone be just like you?

    你會想要複製一個和你一模一樣的人嗎?

  • If you're 5' 10" with brown hair and blue eyes, maybe your name is Steve, who knows?

    如果你的身高五呎十吋,有著棕髮與藍眼睛,也或許你的名字叫做 Steve,誰知道呢?

  • You'd expect your clone to look the same, right?

    你也預期你的複製人會和你長得一模一樣,對吧?

  • Isn't that what cloning is?

    這不就是所謂的複製嗎?

  • Well you may be surprised to learn that your clone could look completely different!

    你或許會感到驚訝,因為你的複製人可能和你長得完全不同!

  • Your appearance is based on genes, yes, but it also depends on the fetal environment you

    你的長相是根源於基因,沒錯;但這也和你生長的胚胎環境

  • grow in and which genes are turned off or on.

    以及甚麼基因開關被關上或開啟息息相關

  • Your clone could also be very unhealthy.

    你的複製人也可能十分不健康

  • Many cloned animals suffer from defected brains, hearts, and livers, and immune system problems.

    許多複製動物均有大腦,心臟與肝臟的缺陷,甚至是免疫系統問題

  • In lots of clones, the tips of their chromosomes shrink quicker, meaning cellular aging happens

    在許多複製生物中,染色體頂端萎縮得特別快,意味著細胞老化的速度

  • faster than normal too.

    比起正常的生物還要更快

  • So your clone could be really sick and die prematurely.

    所以你的複製人很可能因為疾病而早逝

  • Plus, your clone could have a completely different personality than you do!

    此外,你的複製人可能和你擁有完全不同的人格!

  • While your personality is based on some genetics, it's also formed through experiences and

    雖然你的個性部分是與基因相關,個性也會隨著經驗

  • upbringing.

    與家庭教養而養成

  • Just because Ronbus is super friendly, motivated, and likes puzzles, doesn't mean his clone

    僅因為 Ronbus 人超級和善、很有目標、喜歡拼拼圖,這並不代表

  • would.

    他的複製人就一定如此

  • The Ronbus clone could be mean, dishonest, and hate puppies!

    Ronbus 的複製人可能很壞心眼,不誠實,同時很討厭小狗!

  • So unless your clone had the exact same development and experiences you did, it really wouldn't

    所以,除非你的複製人和你有完全一樣的成長環境與經驗,他真的

  • be you.

    並不會和你成為一模一樣的人

  • With all this being said, would you wanna clone yourself still?

    有了這些認識,你還會想要複製你自己嗎?

  • Let us know in the comment section below.

    在留言區留個言和我們分享吧!

  • Check out the video we did on "What would happen if we brought extincted animals back to life?"

    去看看「如果讓已滅絕動復活會怎麼樣?」這支影片

  • and that's because in order to bring these animals back scientist need bits of their

    為了要讓這些動物 (恐龍) 重生,科學家需要一些被保存下來的

  • genetic material that have been salvaged, and sadly DNA from dinosaurs hasn't survived

    基因片段,而可惜的是恐龍的 DNA 存活得不夠久

  • long enough to be used here.

    因而無法被用在複製上

  • As always, my name is Blocko, this has been Life Noggin, don't forget to keep on thinking!

    就像平常一樣,我的名字是 Blocko,這是 Life Noggin,不要忘了持續地思考喔!

Hey there!

哈囉!

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B2 中高級 中文 美國腔 複製 複製人 基因 猴子 靈長類 生物

如果你複製了自己,會發生什麼事?(What Would REALLY Happen If You Cloned Yourself?)

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    Samuel 發佈於 2018 年 06 月 09 日
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