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  • Time makes sense in small pieces.

    時間在小尺度之下看似合理

  • But when you look at huge stretches of time, it's almost impossible to wrap your head around things.

    但當你審視很長的時間,就幾乎不可能一次理解所有事情

  • So let's start small with minutes, hours, days.

    讓我們從小的維度來看——分鐘、小時、日

  • You probably spent the last 24 hours mostly sleeping and working and you probably wasted a good chunk of

    你可能把過去 24 小時大部分花在睡覺和工作

  • yesterday on the Internet.

    還可能浪費了大量的時間上網

  • Days become weeks weeks become months and then we have a year.

    日成了週,週成了月,月成了年

  • Let's look at 2017

    讓我們來看看 2017 年

  • France started to train eagles to hunt terrorist drones.

    法國開始訓練老鷹去追捕恐怖分子的無人機

  • A Czech nuclear power plant held a bikini contest to pick their new intern.

    捷克的核能發電廠舉辦比基尼競賽來招募新的實習生

  • and people on the Internet made a challenge out of eating bleach. You know, the usual stuff.

    網路上的人們挑戰喝漂白劑。你懂的,稀鬆平常

  • Let's go back further...

    讓我們回頭再看...

  • A kid born in the first year of the 21st century is 18 years old now.

    21 世紀的第一年出生的孩子現在已經 18 歲了

  • But the century is still young even if you're not.

    即使說你已經老了,這個世紀還很年輕

  • It was largely shaped by the attacks on 9/11 which led to the war in Afghanistan and the invasion of Iraq.

    重大事件包含了 9/11 恐怖襲擊和其導致的阿富汗戰爭以及入侵伊拉克

  • In March 2011 the Syrian civil war began and is still ongoing after seven years.

    2011 年 3 月,敘利亞內戰開始了,並在七年後的現在仍在進行中

  • Most of us were born in the 20th century.

    我們大多數人都生於 20 世紀

  • Which had the two most devastating wars in human history and the Cold War.

    其間發生了兩次人類歷史上最具毀滅性的戰爭和冷戰

  • For the first time ever, we could destroy ourselves with the nuclear weapons, and we almost did.

    有史以來第一次,我們可以用核武器摧毀我們自己,而我們差點就這樣做了

  • But we also had a space race and left earth for the first time.

    但我們也有一次太空競賽,而且第一次離開了地球

  • The internet was also invented which led to memes but also to Facebook and Twitter.

    網路也被發明出來,導致了梗圖的誕生,但也創造了 Facebook 和 Twitter

  • So all in all we're not sure if this was a good development.

    總而言之,我們不確定這是否是一個好的發展

  • The average human lives about 79 years, which covers a good chunk of recent history.

    人類的平均壽命約為 79 年,涵蓋了近期歷史的很大一部分

  • The oldest living person on earth is currently Celino Jaramillo, who was born in 1896.

    現今世界上最老的活人是 Celyl Jaramillo,他出生於 1896 年

  • Which means that his birth was closer to Napoleon ruling Europe than to the current day.

    這意味著他的出生更接近拿破崙統治歐洲的時間

  • Only 250 years ago the Industrial Revolution.

    僅在 250 年前,工業革命把世界變成一台進步機器

  • Turned the world into a progress machine. The farmers became workers and knowledge became easier to distribute.

    農民變成了工人,知識變得更容易習得

  • Around this time we started the progress that is causing climate change today.

    大約在這個時候,我們埋下了今日氣候變遷的種子

  • Not that long ago actually.

    其實也不是多久以前

  • The theory of evolution changed how we saw ourselves and the world we live in.

    演化論改變了我們審視自己和我們生活的世界的方式

  • Newton wrote down his theory of gravity. We discovered distant stars and very close bacteria.

    牛頓寫下了他的重力理論。我們發現了遠在天邊的恆星和近在咫尺的細菌

  • The 15th century was very eventful.

    15 世紀非常多事

  • Columbus's discovery of america and the fall of Constantinople marked the end of the Middle Ages.

    哥倫布發現美洲和君士坦丁堡的淪陷標誌著中世紀的結束

  • War was all the rage in the Middle Ages.

    中世紀可說是戰火紛飛,但頭號殺手是疾病。

  • But the number one killer was disease. The Black Plague killed every third European in just six years.

    短短六年內,黑死病使三分之一的歐洲人喪命

  • Around 2,000 years ago, we set the arbitrary year one of our calendar that most of the world follows today.

    大約兩千年前,我們隨意選擇了一年作為一部曆法的元年,今日大半世界都還在使用這曆法

  • But to a Roman the world was already ancient.

    但對古羅馬人來說,這個世界已經很古老了

  • The great pyramids were constructed

    大金字塔建造於 4500 年前

  • 4500 years ago. So, to a Roman, the pyramids were older than the Romans are to us today.

    所以,對羅馬人來說,金字塔建造的年份比較遠,今日世界比較近

  • so long ago that there was still living mammoths on earth.

    金字塔建造的時候,地球上還有活著的猛獁象呢!

  • A lot of history happened before that even around 7,000 years ago humans began writing things down.

    大約 7000 年前人類開始寫下東西,但在這之前就發生過很多歷史了

  • About 12000 years ago human organization exploded.

    大約一萬兩千年前,人類的組織能力有大大成長

  • We built our first temple and around the world mankind began farming

    我們建造了我們的第一座寺廟,世界各地的人類開始種植農作物

  • Which enabled the rise of larger communities. Our dominance over planet Earth really begins here.

    這使得更大的社區崛起。我們在地球上的主導地位就是從這裡開始

  • Homo sapiens sapiens, the modern human, evolved at least 200,000 years ago.

    現代人智人最晚在 20 萬年前演化出來

  • 50000 years ago the cognitive revolution expanded our minds and innovation.

    5 萬年前,認知革命擴展了我們的思想和創新

  • Back then, we shared earth with at least five other human species that either died out or were killed by us.

    那時候,我們與至少跟其他五種人類共享地球,最後那些物種要不是滅絕了,就是被我們殺光了

  • At least 2 million years ago, our ancestors already had control over fire and constructed tools from wood and stone.

    最晚在 2 百萬年前,我們的祖先已經學會用火,並用木頭和石頭建造工具

  • And six million years ago, the last common ancestors of chimpanzees and humans existed.

    六百萬年前,黑猩猩和人類的最後共同祖先分家了

  • So this graph is all of human history.

    所以這張圖是人類歷史的全部

  • Our close relative, Homo erectus, survived 10 times longer than we have existed.

    我們的近親直立人比我們存在的時間長了 10 倍

  • This tiny part is the human era. We have to zoom in a lot to even see your lifetime.

    這個小部分就是人類時代。我們必須放大很多才能看到你的一生

  • Still, all of human history is not that long.

    儘管如此,人類的歷史並不長

  • 65 million years ago the age of the dinosaurs ended in an enormous explosion.

    6500 萬年前,恐龍時代以巨大的爆炸而告終

  • The dinosaurs ruled the earth for over 165 million years.

    恐龍統治地球超過 1.65 億年

  • 27 times as long as all humans.

    是所有人類物種的 27 倍

  • That's so long that it means a T-rex that lived at 65 million years ago is closer to us today

    這是如此之長,這意味著一個生活在 6500 萬年前的霸王龍比較接近我們,

  • than to a live Stegosaurus.

    而最後的劍龍離他比較遠

  • Dinosaurs in the form of mighty chickens are still around today.

    恐龍現在以勇猛的雞的形體活了下來

  • Animal life on this planet started 600 million years ago.

    這個星球上的動物生命始於 6 億年前

  • The earliest animals were fish and other small simple sea creatures. Then came insects, then reptiles.

    最早的動物是魚和其他小型簡單的海洋生物。然後來了昆蟲,然後爬行動物

  • And finally, around 200 million years ago, mammals joined the party.

    最後,大約 2 億年前,哺乳動物加入了

  • Life itself began much further back. There is evidence that it appeared up to 4.1 billion years ago.

    生命的起源比這更遠。有證據表明生命最早起源於 41 億年前。

  • For at least 3.5 billion years life consisted only of single-celled organisms.

    至少有35億年,唯一的生命就只有單細胞生物

  • 4.5 billion years ago, the Sun was born from a gigantic imploding gas cloud. 60 million years later, earth formed

    45 億年前,太陽誕生於一個巨大的內爆氣雲。 6000 萬年後,地球形成了

  • In those early years, frequent bombardment by comets and asteroids supplied the earth with large oceans.

    在最初幾年中,彗星和小行星的頻繁轟炸為地球提供了大量的海洋

  • But as far as the whole universe goes, our solar system is pretty new.

    但就整個宇宙而言,我們的太陽系非常新

  • Thirteen point seven five billion years ago, the universe was born.

    137.5億年前,宇宙誕生了大約五億年後,我們自己的銀河系由數十億顆恆星形成

  • And about half a billion years later, our own galaxy formed from billions of stars.

    137.5億年前,宇宙誕生了

  • But what came before the Big Bang? The truth is we don't know and maybe we never will.

    但是在大爆炸之前呢?事實是,我們不知道,也許我們永遠不會知道

  • And there you have it: The past.

    所以現在你知道了:過去發生的事

  • Now let's take a look at what we know about the future.

    現在讓我們看看我們對未來的了解

  • In roughly 1 billion years, the Sun will be so hot that life on Earth becomes impossible. The death of the Sun 4 billion years later

    在大約 10 億年內,太陽會變得很熱,導致地球上的生命全部滅亡。太陽的死亡 40 億年後

  • marks the end of life in the solar system.

    標誌著太陽系生命的隕落

  • If we want to have a chance to survive, we need to have ventured to the Stars. And what happens after that?

    如果到時候我們想要有機會活下去,我們就得冒險前往群星之間。那之後會發生什麼?

  • In the next 100 billion years, most of the biggest stars around will die. The universe becomes dimmer and dimmer

    在接下來的 1000 億年裡,大部分最大的恆星將會死亡,宇宙會變得越來越黯淡,

  • illuminated only by smaller red and white dwarfs.

    僅由較小的紅矮星和白矮星照亮

  • But they too will eventually burn out and one day, the last star in the universe will die.

    但它們最終也會消失,有一天,宇宙中的最後一顆恆星將會死亡

  • The universe will turn dark and at some point even black holes will evaporate and die.

    宇宙將會變黑,最後甚至黑洞也會蒸發、死亡

  • When they do our universe will reach its final stage: Heat death.

    這時,我們的宇宙將達到其最後階段:熱寂

  • Nothing changes anymore; the universe is dead.

    再也不會有任何事發生;宇宙死亡了

  • Forever.

    永遠死了

  • Now, you're feeling some pretty weird feelings right now, aren't you? We are too. It's only natural.

    現在,你現在感覺有些奇怪的感覺,對吧?我們也是,這很自然

  • The good news is this is all far far away.

    好消息是這一切都很遙遠

  • The only time that actually matters is now.

    唯一真正重要的是現在

  • That cute girl or boy you like, ask them out! Time is precious.

    你喜歡那個可愛的女孩或男孩,快去約他們!時間是寶貴的

  • Make it count.

    別浪費了

  • One of the questions we get asked the most is how we make animated videos.

    我們最常被問的一個問題就是我們如何製作動畫

  • The short answer is with Adobe After Effects and years of training.

    簡短的答案是 Adobe After Effects 和多年的訓練

  • But if you'd like to get a glimpse, we now have something for you.

    但是如果你想看一眼,我們現在有一些東西給你瞧瞧

  • We made Skillshare tutorials explaining in detail how we animate scenes from our videos.

    我們製作了Skillshare教學,詳細解釋我們如何為我們的影片製作動畫場景

  • If you aren't already familiar with it, Skillshare is an online learning community with more than 18,000 classes in things like writing,

    如果您還不知道,Skillshare 是一個線上學習社群,擁有超過 18,000 個課程,

  • animation, and video editing.

    如寫作、動畫和影片編輯

  • Their premium membership gives you unlimited access to high-quality classes from professionals working in their fields so you can improve your skills,

    他們的高級會員資格讓您可以無限制地從專業人員那裡獲得高品質的課程,這樣您就可以提升能力,

  • unlock new opportunities, and do work that you really enjoy.

    解鎖新的機會,並做你真正喜歡的事

  • It's also extremely affordable. The annual subscription is less than ten dollars a month.

    它也非常經濟實惠。年度訂閱的話,每月費用少於十美元

  • The first 1,000 people to sign up get their first two months for only 99 cents.

    前一千位報名的人,前兩個月只要 99 分

  • So if you want to learn new things and support Kurz Gesagt, give it a try.

    所以如果你想學習新事物並且支持 Kurz Gesagt,試試看吧!

  • How did you like this remake? We're thinking about redoing a few of our older videos in the next one or two years.

    你喜歡這個重製版嗎?我們正考慮在未來的一兩年內重做一些較舊的影片

  • Any videos you would like to see redone?

    有特別想看的重製影片嗎?

Time makes sense in small pieces.

時間在小尺度之下看似合理

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B1 中級 中文 英國腔 宇宙 人類 地球 恆星 建造 歷史

9 分鐘看完全宇宙的歷史與未來 (Time: The History & Future of Everything – Remastered)

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    Samuel 發佈於 2018 年 04 月 12 日
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