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  • The world has made tremendous progress against extreme poverty,

    這個世界在解決極度貧窮的問題上已經有很大的進展

  • the minimum amount of income necessary to feed your family.

    也就是說,許多家庭收入已經達到最低生存所需

  • Now, about less than 10% of the world

    今天,全世界只剩不到 10% 的人口

  • falls in extreme poverty.

    處於極度貧困

  • Just three decades ago, it was 30%.

    然而在三十年前,這個數字卻是 30%

  • The progress that we've enjoyed

    我們現今的進展

  • did not happen all by itself.

    並非理所當然的

  • The ingredients for continued progress are present.

    那些一直讓整體人類進步的因素一直存在

  • Thinking about the well-being of men, women, and children.

    也就是,對所有人權福利的關懷

  • That's the overall philosophy I call humanism.

    我稱這種信念為人道主義

  • Progress comes from people solving problems,

    進步的因素在於人們試著解決問題

  • from people setting a goal of improving the lot of humanity.

    在於人們為了使整體人類更加進步而立定目標

  • It comes from just the overall application of reason.

    這都只導因於理性的應用

  • It's only by looking at trends

    只有在觀察世界的長期趨勢時

  • that you realize how much progress that we've made.

    我們才會發現原來已經進步了那麼多

  • To be a happier person,

    如果你想要更快樂

  • you can't let your view of the world

    你不能讓你的觀點

  • be determined by news headlines

    被新聞頭條主宰

  • because as long as bad events haven't vanished from the face of the earth,

    因為,只要壞事還沒從地球表面消失

  • they'll always be enough of them to fill the news.

    那麼永遠都會有壞事報導出現在新聞頭條上

  • Wars still go on,

    戰爭依然發生

  • including the worst war in a generation in Syria,

    包含在敘利亞當代最慘烈的戰爭

  • but by and large the trend in war has been downward.

    但整體而言,戰爭發生率是下降的

  • A fraction of the number of people are killed in wars today, compared to the '60s, '70s, and the '80s.

    和 60、70、80 年代相比,今天戰場上的死傷人數非常的少

  • The signing of the Colombian Peace Agreement,

    在簽訂了《哥倫比亞和平協議》後

  • the last war in the Western Hemisphere came to an end,

    西半球最後一場戰爭便結束了

  • so an entire hemisphere is free of war.

    該半球也就完全沒有戰爭了

  • In fact, 5/6 of the earth's surface is free of war.

    事實上,全世界 5/6 的表面是處於和平之下

  • That's an example of a kind of trend that you can't really pick up from the news

    這就是所謂「趨勢」的一個例子,

  • because when a country doesn't have a war, it's not news.

    而這是你無法從新聞報導發現的

  • Child mortality is down.

    因為當一個國家沒有戰爭,這不會成為新聞

  • Maternal mortality is down.

    兒童死亡率下降了

  • Illiteracy is down.

    孕產婦死亡率也是

  • 90% of the world's population under the age of 25 can read and write.

    文盲比例也是

  • We're getting smarter.

    全世界 90% 低於 25 歲的人口擁有讀寫能力

  • In a phenomenon called the Flynn Effect,

    我們越來越聰明

  • IQ scores have been rising by three points a decade

    這個現象稱為「弗林效應」

  • for almost a century.

    平均 IQ 成績每十年增加三分

  • We spend, waste less of our waking hours on housework.

    這個現象已經持續接近一個世紀了

  • We work fewer hours.

    我們花費——或者說是浪費——更少的的時間在家務事上

  • We have access to culture.

    我們的工作時數減少了

  • All these developments--

    我們能接觸文化

  • they just never make the news,

    所有的這些發展

  • but they give you a bit more confidence in the way the world is heading.

    都不在新聞上

  • Move backward,

    可是卻會讓你對世界的整體發展更加有自信

  • if we look nostalgically to a golden age which never existed,

    相較之下

  • if we prioritize competition between nations

    如果我們一直緬懷那根本不存在的黃金歲月

  • over overall cooperation,

    如果我們繼續強調國家間的競爭

  • if we fall prey to dogma or charisma, superstition as opposed to hardheaded reason,

    而非整體上的合作

  • then progress could slow down

    如果我們深受教條或神授能力之害

  • and in some cases, even reverse.

    我們會傾向迷信,而非理性思考

  • Despite some of the unfortunate political events of the last couple of years,

    如此一來,進步的速度不但會變慢

  • there's an enormous will to improve the state of humanity, to lift up formally oppressed minorities,

    甚至反轉

  • to advance the rights of women,

    既使過去幾年來有一些不甚理想的政治事件

  • to advance the well-being of people in the developing world,

    這世界卻存在一股強大的信念,期望能使整體人類福祉提升

  • and if we can continue to mobilize that energy,

    為過去被壓迫的少數族群聲張正義

  • then future progress is absolutely possible.

    為女權努力

The world has made tremendous progress against extreme poverty,

這個世界在解決極度貧窮的問題上已經有很大的進展

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 戰爭 整體 進步 新聞 世界 死亡率

七個世界更加美好的跡象 (7 Ways The World Is Getting Better)

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    Samuel 發佈於 2018 年 09 月 17 日
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