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  • Hans Zimmer's score for Dunkirk starts with the sound of ticking.


  • And that's a common theme in the legendary composer's workyou can hear it in Interstellar and in Sherlock Holmes.


  • But in Dunkirk, the ticking makes way for an overwhelming orchestra that seems like it's rising higher and higher, but never actually does.


  • It's so tense, it makes you cling to your seat.


  • That is because Zimmer is taking advantage of an auditory illusion caused by something called a Shepard tone.


  • It consists of several tones separated by an octave, layered on top of each other.


  • As the tones move up the scale, the highest-pitched tone gets quieter, the middle pitch remains loud, and the lowest bass pitch starts to become audible.


  • Because you can always hear at least two tones rising in pitch at the same time, your brain is tricked into perceiving a constant ascending tone.


  • Loop it all together and it sounds like a piano scale going on for infinity.


  • When the transition between tones is continuous, it's called a ShepardRisset glissando.


  • And it can sound really spooky.


  • This can happen in the opposite direction too.


  • You can hear it in the Endless Stairs in Super Mario 64 and in Pink Floyd.

    你可以在電玩《超級瑪利歐 64》的無止盡樓梯和樂團平克.佛洛伊德的音樂中聽到這個現象。

  • It's like a barber's pole of sound, constantly seeming to rise without actually going anywhere.


  • Put that in a soundtrack and it creates this sound of rising tension that carries the screenplay forward.


  • Christopher Nolan loves this illusionyou can hear it in the Batpod sound effect in the last two Dark Knight films and in the music of The Prestige, composed by David Julyan.

    導演克里斯多福.諾蘭很喜歡這樣的錯覺 — 你可以在前兩部《黑暗騎士》電影中的蝙蝠車音效和大衛.朱蘭為電影《頂尖對決》創作的配樂中聽到。

  • Nolan's films are often all about timehow it warps in space, in our dreams, and in our memoriesand there's tension that comes with that.

    諾蘭的電影大部分都圍繞著「時間」這個主題 — 像是時間如何在太空、夢境,和記憶中扭曲 — 而這會帶有緊張感。

  • An illusion like this makes that tension palpableall it takes is clever sound design.

    這樣的錯覺讓緊張的氛圍明顯可見 — 只需要巧妙的配樂設計。

  • I just wanted to give a shoutout to Jason Guerrasio at Business Insider for doing this great interview with Christopher Nolan.


  • In the interview, Nolan confirms that a lot of the soundtrack was built around the effect of a Shepard tone.


  • And he also reveals that the ticking that Hans Zimmer uses at the very beginning of Dunkirk is actually a recording of a watch that Christopher Nolan owns.


Hans Zimmer's score for Dunkirk starts with the sound of ticking.


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《敦克爾克》的電影配樂如何營造緊繃的氣氛? (The sound illusion that makes Dunkirk so intense)

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    ping 發佈於 2020 年 10 月 14 日