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  • [music]

    [音樂]

  • You've probably seen people cover their webcams,

    你可能有看過旁人將電腦的鏡頭遮住

  • but should you cover your webcam?

    這到底有沒有必要呢?

  • Former FBI director, James Comey,

    前任美國聯邦調查局局長,James Comey

  • thinks you should.

    就認為你應該把鏡頭遮起來

  • Do you still have a piece of tape over your cameras at home?

    你現在還用膠帶貼著鏡頭嗎?

  • Heck yeah, heck yeah.

    那當然。

  • Edward Snowden, and even Mark Zuckerberg, appear to cover theirs.

    Edward Snowden 甚至還有 Mark Zuckerberg 似乎也都把他們電腦的鏡頭貼住

  • It could protect you from attacks like the one Miss Teen USA experienced in 2013,

    這舉動可以保護你不受到攻擊,像是一位美國妙齡小姐在 2013 年的經驗

  • in which a man secretly spied on her, and recorded her, and then blackmailed her.

    有位男子秘密地監視、錄影甚至還威脅她

  • But you're not a head of state, and you're also not a celebrity.

    不過你既不是美國總統也不是明星

  • So do you really need to worry about someone

    所以你到底要不要擔心有人會

  • spying on you through your laptop's camera?

    透過筆電的鏡頭來偷窺你呢?

  • Well, yeah.

    恩,你是該擔心

  • In 2013, a hacker told the BBC

    在 2013 年有位駭客告訴 BBC

  • that access to a woman's webcam cost about a dollar,

    要駭入一位女性電腦的鏡頭,成本約一美元

  • and that he had access to 500 computers.

    而他有 500 台電腦的權限

  • That's crazy!

    這簡直就太瘋狂了!

  • So, to find out how common these attacks are,

    為了要知道這些攻擊是否很常見

  • and whether we should be worried,

    還有我們需不需要擔心

  • I talked to Tod Beardsley,

    我找了 Tod Beardsley 來聊聊

  • the research director at cyber security and penetration testing company, Rapid7.

    他是 Rapid7 這個網路安全公司的研究經理

  • There are occasionally bugs in web-based technologies

    有的時候在網路上的程式會出錯

  • that allow attackers to open your webcam and record video on it.

    讓攻擊者能夠開啟你的鏡頭並且錄影

  • They're pretty far and few in between.

    但這並不常見

  • He explained to me that these vulnerabilities often show up in Flash and Java,

    他說這些弱點通常會出現在 Flash 或 Java

  • and at this point, there might even been one in html5.

    於此同時,我的瀏覽器上可能就有個容易被入侵的地方

  • What really sucks is that you won't know if a website is affected.

    最糟的是你根本就不會知道有網站有夾帶病毒

  • Also, hackers can turn off your webcam's light

    而且駭客還能將你視訊鏡頭的燈關掉

  • so you won't actually know whether you've been compromised.

    所以你根本就不會知道你被駭了

  • That's not great!

    這並不是件好事!

  • Anything that wants you to click in a very specific place in your browser,

    有網站要你點擊特定的地方

  • that would be very suspect.

    是件很可疑的事

  • You see it a lot more now with location services,

    現在比較常見的定位功能

  • like, "click here to allow location service",

    像是「按這裡來允許定位您的位置」

  • that's typically the control on webcams as well.

    這就是很經典的例子,有人要控制你的鏡頭

  • There's not a lot you can do about it other than

    其實你什麼也做不了除了...

  • (clicks tongue to mimic sticky tape)

    (模仿撕膠帶的聲音)

  • Okay, so, at least tape will stop someone from spying on you visually,

    好,所以把鏡頭遮住至少會避免別人窺視你

  • that's a relief.

    這樣使人安心許多

  • But how effective is covering our webcams, and should we do it?

    但把鏡頭遮住真的有用嗎?而我們到底該不該這麼做?

  • Having it covered is a super cheap, super easy thing to do,

    要把鏡頭遮住很便宜也很簡單

  • that also doesn't get you a lot,

    也不會很麻煩

  • but at least it makes you feel better, right?

    同時也可以讓你比較安心,對吧?

  • And it is a signal to other people that you think about security.

    這也告訴別人你對隱私的重視

  • Okay, so Tod says it can't hurt,

    好,所以 Tod 覺得可以試試看

  • but covering your laptop camera

    但遮住你筆電的鏡頭

  • doesn't actually address the much bigger risk of your cellphone camera and microphone.

    並無法解決更大的危機,像是手機的照相和麥克風功能

  • Microphone hacking is probably just as creepy and incriminating as a video.

    駭入麥克風就跟駭入鏡頭一樣恐怖,也都屬於犯罪行為

  • I can record conversations in the room,

    我可以將房內的對話錄下來

  • that piece of tape is not gonna stop me.

    而貼住鏡頭和麥克風是無法阻止我的

  • We actually tested this.

    我們實際測試過

  • (cellphone ringing)

    (手機響起)

  • Hey.

  • Hey, okay, so can you try to talk to me with your phone away from your face?

    嘿,你可以試著跟我說話,但同時也將你的手機遠離你的臉

  • Sure.

    沒問題

  • (microphone static)

    (麥克風干擾聲)

  • This is about how loudly I would talk if I was having a conversation with someone in a room.

    這是我平常跟人在房內講話的音量

  • Okay, so I can hear you pretty perfectly

    好,我可以很清楚地聽見你說的話

  • meaning, if a hacker had hacked into your microphone,

    這就代表,如果有駭客駭入你的麥克風

  • even if you had tape over it, he or she would still be able to hear what you're saying.

    即使你用膠帶貼住鏡頭,他或她仍然可以清楚地聽到你說話

  • I hate to break it to you all,

    我很不想要這麼說

  • but the reality is that cameras and microphones are everywhere now;

    但現實是鏡頭和麥克風到處都有

  • we have smart home speakers, cellphones, laptops, smart refrigerators,

    我們有居家智慧揚聲器、智慧型手機、筆電、智慧型冰箱

  • and even voice-enabled TV remotes listening to us at all times.

    甚至有可以聲控的電視遙控器

  • Unless you're going to tape over,

    除非你是要將所有鏡頭及麥克風貼住

  • or physically disable every one of those cameras or microphones,

    或是要破壞所有的鏡頭及麥克風

  • you're still going to be at risk.

    妳都還是有被駭入的風險

  • But, if nothing else, we can at least prevent webcam attacks with tape.

    但如果真的沒其他辦法了,我們至少可以將電腦鏡頭貼住來避免被駭入

  • There is some superstitious comfort you get,

    這其中你可以感到些許心理作用的安慰

  • because you can see the camera sticker all the time,

    因為四處都能看到鏡頭被貼起來

  • you're looking at it and think, "I'm doing it right".

    你會看著那個被貼住的鏡頭,心想著「我這麼做是對的。」

  • It's a little bit self-congratulatory to put the tape on the camera,

    把鏡頭貼住其實有點自我感覺良好

  • but it does ultimately also mean that you're looking at security control all the time,

    但這同時也表示了你時時在控管你的安全

  • so you might be thinking more about how long should my password be?

    你可能也在苦惱我的密碼該設多長?

  • Should I tell those people my password?

    我應該告訴別人我的密碼嗎?

  • Shall I click on this link in the cPanel?

    我應該要點在 cPanel 上的連結嗎?

  • I think that is probably valuable.

    我覺得這些應該值得我把鏡頭貼起來

  • So go ahead, put tape over your camera.

    所以,把你的電腦鏡頭貼住吧!

  • It might not stop hackers from listening through your microphone,

    這可能無法阻止駭客透過麥克風竊聽你

  • but it'll at least make us a little bit better,

    但這至少會使我們安心許多

  • and prevent them from watching us sleep at night.

    也會避免駭客在我們睡覺時偷窺我們

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 鏡頭 麥克風 駭入 遮住 駭客 電腦

到底該不該把鏡頭貼起來呢?( Should you cover your webcam? )

  • 26976 1153
    Samuel 發佈於 2018 年 06 月 02 日
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