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  • The Gospel according to Matthew. In the first video we saw how Matthew introduced

  • Jesus as the Messiah from the line of David, and as a new authoritative teacher

  • like Moses, and also as Emmanuel which in Hebrew means "God with us." After Jesus

  • announced and taught about the arrival of God's kingdom and after he brought the

  • kingdom into day-to-day life among the people of Israel, we saw that Jesus was

  • accepted by many but rejected by others, especially Israel's religious leaders,

  • the Pharisees. And so the big question is, "How is this conflict between Jesus and

  • Israel's leaders going to play itself out?" The next large section, chapters 14

  • through 20, explore all the different expectations people have about the

  • Messiah. Jesus keeps healing sick people and twice he even miraculously provides

  • food for these huge crowds in the desert, one made up of Jewish people and the

  • other is a non-jewish crowd. And this sign is very similar to what Moses did

  • for Israel in the wilderness. And so are these people are excited about Jesus,

  • they think he's the great prophet and the Messiah, but not the religious leaders.

  • Their view of the Messiah is built on passages like Psalm 2 or Daniel chapter 2,

  • about a victorious Messiah who is going to deliver Israel and defeat the pagan

  • oppressors. And from their point of view, Jesus is a false teacher. He's making

  • blasphemous claims about himself and so there are stories here about them

  • increasing their opposition, hatching a plan to kill him. And so in response,

  • Jesus, he withdraws. And he begins teaching his closest disciples what it means for

  • him to be Israel's Messiah because it is not what anybody expects. So Jesus asked

  • his disciples-- chapter 16-- he says, "Who do you all say that I am?" And Peter comes up

  • with the right answer, it seems. He says, "You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God."

  • But then it becomes clear that Peter's thinking about a king who's going to

  • reign victoriously through military power. And Jesus challenges Peter, saying that

  • "Yes, I am going to become king, but through a different way." And so Jesus

  • starts to teach on themes from the prophet Isaiah who said that the

  • Messianic King would suffer and die for the sins of his own people. And so Jesus,

  • he was positioning himself as a Messianic king who reigns by becoming a

  • servant and who would lay down his life for Israel and the nations. Peter and

  • the disciples, they mostly just don't get it. And so Jesus enters into the fourth

  • block of teaching followed by a series of teachings after that. And these are

  • all about the upside down nature of Jesus' Messianic Kingdom--which turns

  • upside down all of our value systems. So in the community of the servant king you

  • gain honor by serving others and instead of getting revenge, you forgive and do

  • good to your enemies. And in Jesus' kingdom you gain true wealth by giving

  • your wealth away to the poor. To follow the servant Messiah, you must become a

  • servant yourself. In the next section we watched the two kingdoms clash--Jesus'

  • kingdom and that of Israel's leader. Jesus comes to Jerusalem for Passover

  • riding in on a donkey and the crowds are hailing him as the Messiah. Jesus

  • immediately marches into the courtyard of the temple and he creates this huge

  • disruption that brings the daily sacrifices to a halt. His actions speak

  • louder than words here. As Israel's King, Jesus was asserting his royal authority

  • over the temple, the place where God and Israel met together. And in Jesus' view, the

  • temple was compromised by the hypocrisy of Israel's leaders and so here he's

  • challenging their authority and naturally they're deeply offended. And so

  • they try to trap Jesus and shame him in public debate and they fail. So they end

  • up just determining to have him killed. In response, Jesus delivers his final

  • block of teaching. He first offers this passionate critique of the Pharisees

  • and their hypocrisy. And then he weeps over Jerusalem and its rejection of God

  • and His Kingdom. Then Jesus withdraws with the disciples and he starts telling

  • them what's going to happen. He's going to be executed by these leaders, but in

  • doing so they're going to create their own demise because instead of accepting

  • Jesus' way of the Peaceful Kingdom they're going to take the road of revolt

  • against

  • Rome and so Jerusalem and its temple are going to be destroyed. But Jesus says

  • that is not the end of the story.

  • He's going to be vindicated after his death by his resurrection and one day

  • he'll return and set up his kingdom over all nations. And so in the meanwhile, the

  • disciples need to stay alert and stay committed to just announcing Jesus and

  • His Kingdom and spreading the good news. And so with all of that ringing in the

  • disciples ears, the story comes to its climax. That night Jesus takes the

  • disciples aside and he celebrates the Passover meal with them.

  • Passover retells the story of Israel's rescue from slavery through the death of

  • the Passover lamb. And then Jesus takes the bread and the wine from this meal as

  • new symbols showing that his coming death would be a sacrifice that would

  • redeem his people from slavery to sin and evil. After the meal, Jesus is arrested,

  • he's put on trial before the Sanhedrin, the Council of Jewish leaders. And they

  • reject his claim to be the Messiah. They charge him with blasphemy against

  • God. Then Jesus is brought before the Roman governor, Pilate, and he thinks

  • Jesus is innocent, but he gives in to the pressure from the Jewish leaders and he

  • sentences Jesus to death by crucifixion. So Jesus is led away by Roman soldiers and

  • then crucified. Now you'll notice right here in this section that, just like

  • Matthew did in the opening chapters, he increases the number of references to

  • the Old Testament. He's trying to show that Jesus' death was not a tragedy or

  • failure. Rather, it was the surprising fulfillment of all of the old, prophetic

  • promises. Jesus came as the Servant Messiah spoken of by Isaiah. He was

  • rejected by his own people but instead of judging them, he is judged on their

  • behalf,

  • bearing the consequences of their sin. So the crucifixion scene, it comes to a

  • close, and Jesus' body is placed in a tomb. But the book ends with a surprising

  • twist--the last chapter. The disciples, they discover on Sunday morning that

  • Jesus' tomb is empty. And then all of a sudden people start seeing Jesus alive

  • from the dead. And the book concludes

  • with the risen Jesus giving a final teaching called the Great Commission.

  • Jesus says that he is now the true king of the world and so he sends his

  • disciples out to all nations with the good news that Jesus is Lord and that

  • anyone can join his kingdom by being baptized and by following his teachings.

  • And echoing all the way back to his name, Emmanuel, God with us, from chapter one,

  • Jesus' last words in the book to his disciples are "I will be with you." It's a

  • promise of Jesus' presence until the day he finally returns. And that's the Gospel

  • according to Matthew.

The Gospel according to Matthew. In the first video we saw how Matthew introduced

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讀經系列。馬太福音第14-28章 (Read Scripture Series: Matthew Ch. 14-28)

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    steven 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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