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  • what does the federal government actually spend our money on

  • how much of it is spent on federal employees and their pay

  • are you sure you know the answers to see how the federal government spends money

  • we'll look at 2012 since we have pretty complete data

  • and see how the budget is broken down we'll dig out the key facts

  • and spare you as much as possible but there's going to be a lot of numbers

  • this time around

  • so get ready in 2012

  • the amount spent was approximately 3.54 trillion dollars

  • that's 1.28 trillion dollars in discretionary spending

  • 2.24 trillion dollars in mandatory spending

  • and 222 billion dollars in interest on the debt

  • the government also received some money through specific taxes

  • for specific purposes

  • which goes directly to those accounts and is tracked as income

  • so that we spend less regular taxes on those things

  • in 2012 the government got 209 billion dollars of that

  • we talked about the difference between mandatory and discretionary

  • spending in more detail

  • in another video but basically Congress chooses discretionary spending

  • in every budget

  • whereas mandatory spending is set by whatever law created that program

  • so Congress has to change the law to change the spending

  • now 3.54 trillion dollars

  • is a lot of dough let's break it down a little bit more by

  • budget category we spent about 678 billion

  • dollars on national defense

  • you know soldiers missiles

  • cyberattack teams that sort of stuff we spent 47 billion dollars on

  • international affairs

  • diplomats treaties and so on

  • we spent 29 billion dollars on science

  • space and technology stuff like government-funded research

  • and the space program

  • we spent 15 billion dollars on energy

  • be it in research or supplies we spent 41 billion dollars on the environment

  • and natural resources

  • that means both enforcing environmental regulations

  • and managing natural resources on public lands

  • we spent 18 billion dollars on agriculture

  • for things like farm subsidies we spent 93 billion dollars on transportation

  • whether it's airplanes boats trains

  • or roads this includes both regulating transportation

  • and building it we spent 25 billion dollars on

  • community and regional development

  • this is giving out money to cities communities

  • and states to build housing or other developments

  • we spent 91 billion dollars on

  • education training employment and social services

  • that's everything from preschool to college with some vocational training and

  • benefits to students' families as well

  • we spent 347 billion dollars on health

  • which includes both paying to provide people with health care

  • and also spending money on health care research that's different than the 472

  • billion dollars we spend on medicare

  • which is just healthcare for seniors we spent 541 billion dollars

  • on income security this is the category the various assistance programs

  • like welfare food stamps unemployment

  • and so on all fall into we spent 773 billion

  • dollars on social security

  • we spent 224 billion dollars on veterans benefits

  • we spent 56 billion dollars on the administration of justice

  • this is federal cops federal prisons and federal lawyers

  • finally we spent 28 billion dollars on general government

  • this is all the stuff the government does the manage itself

  • this is the percentage of all of this spending goes towards each category

  • some of these are still pretty big categories though

  • so let's split them up a bit more within the defense budget

  • 152 billion dollars was spent on personnel

  • 282 billion was spent on operations and maintenance

  • 124 billion was spent on procurement

  • meaning buying things 70 billion was spent on research

  • development testing and evaluation

  • 14 billion was spent on military construction

  • 2 billion was spent on family housing 19 billion was spent on

  • atomic defense activities

  • and 12 billion was spent on other unnamed defense-related activities

  • this either means military intelligence and other top secret stuff

  • or it means we finally built that giant fighting robot I've been asking for

  • within the international affairs budget 22 billion dollars were

  • spent on foreign aid

  • 11 billion on military or police aid

  • 13 billion on conducting foreign affairs: diplomacy and office supplies

  • and 1.5 billion on information exchange activities and

  • creating media and news to highlight the United States

  • the income security category is broken down this way

  • 8 billion dollars on retirement and disability insurance programs that aren't

  • Social Security 122 billion dollars on retirement and disability

  • for federal employees 94 billion on unemployment benefits

  • 48 billion on housing aid 107 billion on food aid

  • and another 162 billion in other categories

  • that includes refugee aid direct cash payments

  • and the costs of administering these programs

  • bear in mind that these are really big categories with a lot of money in them

  • money can be spent a lot of ways within those categories

  • another way to break down spending is to count how much gets spent

  • by the different major federal agencies

  • this is what the breakdown of the whole budget looks by agency

  • as you can see a lot of the agencies get less than a percent of the total

  • now how many employees does the federal government have

  • we have figures from September of 2012

  • all the employees in the judicial branch come to about 33,000

  • all of the legislative branches employees come to about 29,000

  • all of the agencies in the executive branch together have about

  • 2,696,000 employees

  • this is the breakdown by agency

  • the average Federal salary is 78 thousand dollars

  • the median salary where half of them are above

  • and half below is 74 thousand dollars

  • 74% of federal employees have

  • college or graduate degrees

  • and we're done now you've waded through all of this

  • not only can you have informed debates you also impress people

  • in bar trivia games

  • focused on the federal budget, so never

  • and there you have it

what does the federal government actually spend our money on

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B1 中級 美國腔

8分鐘瞭解聯邦開支 (Understand Federal Spending in 8 Minutes)

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    Amy.Lin 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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