Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • You know what will be cool about the future besides jetpaks and equality?

  • Robotic arms.

  • And surprisingly theyre not too far away.

  • Hey guys, Julia here for Dnews

  • Artificial limbs have come a long way since the days of Pirate Joe’s Peg Leg.

  • Today’s prosthetics are made of state of the art materials and cutting edge technology.

  • Theyre made of titanium, carbon fiber, and/or silicone.

  • These materials are tough, lighter and can even be designed to look life-like.

  • They stay on by a few different mechanisms like suspension or suction.

  • Suspension involves some type of straps or sleeves.

  • Suction works because the new limb might be custom made to perfectly fit to the remaining

  • natural limb.

  • Some devices can be controlled by the body, in a kind of pulley system, not surprisingly

  • called body powered.

  • Others can be controlled by switches or buttons.

  • While fit and materials get progressively more advanced, so does the technology.

  • Most new robotic limbs are myoelectric-controlled, meaning muscles in the remaining limb naturally

  • create electrical signals that are picked up by electrodes in the prosthetic.

  • For the past few decades medical technology allowed patients to control their device through

  • electrodes placed on the skin.

  • But that’s an imperfect design, moving or sweating might dislodge the electrodes.

  • So scientists are looking to the future.

  • Recently a report published in the journal Science Translational Medicine talked about

  • a robotic arm that uses what’s called a Brånemark titanium implant which attaches

  • the prosthetic directly to the skeleton in a process called osseointegration.

  • And just like it sounds, this process fuses the bone to a titanium piece which sits outside

  • of the limb, which the robotic arm attaches to.

  • To control the device, the technology goes a step beyond the current myoelectric types.

  • It uses Targeted Muscle Reinnervation or TMR to hook up the prosthetic to nerves INSIDE

  • the patient’s body.

  • The process takes nerves from the amputated limb and puts them on a spare muscle like

  • the pectoral, the target muscle.

  • Once these nerves start to regrow they can be activated by thought.

  • Electrodes surrounding the muscle and nerves can then control the prosthetic.

  • Sounds pretty futuristic right?

  • Yet something seems to be missing.

  • The sensation of touch.

  • Current techniques use sensory substitution to provide feedback, like a buzz or vibration

  • when the limb comes into contact with something.

  • In research presented in the journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery researchers look

  • for a way to restore a patient’s ability to feel.

  • The researchers say this would reduce thecognitive burden" of relying on vision

  • alone to navigate the environment.

  • A robotic hand with the ability tofeelwould have to be able to take a sensation

  • like hot or cold or pressure like firm or soft and translate that into electrical signals.

  • The different sensations could create a different signal like it could vary in strength, frequency

  • or duration.

  • The researchers suggested using TMR to restore some type of sensation for the patient.

  • Another idea is a sensory regenerative peripheral nerve interface (sRPNI), which would directly

  • hook up a nerve with some sort of biological interface on the prosthetic.

  • Or maybe light could brighten up the future.

  • Optogenics might enable different light waves to control nerve signalling.

  • Anything to make the electrical signalling devices smaller and more precise.

  • Robotic legs too are taking great leaps into the future.

  • Research published in the journal Science Translational Medicine explained recent advances

  • in powered joints.

  • Yeah that’s right.

  • Basically each joint in a robotic leg can have a little motor in it.

  • This way it detects pressure and angle and can send that information to the central nervous

  • system.

  • But more than that, the more advanced models can have a neural interface that enhances

  • integration with the brain.

  • This way they can sense a person’s intention like the desire to move from a flat surface

  • to climbing stairs.

  • Either way the future of artificial limbs is gonna be awesome.

  • Speaking of insane augmentations, Toyota has been doing some tinkering of their own with

  • the TRD line of Toyota Trucks.

  • Enhanced to rule the off-road!

  • Do you have an artificial limb or know anyone who does?

  • Tell us your story down in the comments below

You know what will be cool about the future besides jetpaks and equality?


單字即點即查 點擊單字可以查詢單字解釋

B1 中級 美國腔

機器人肢體的未來是什麼? (What Is The Future Of Robotic Limbs?)

  • 88 6
    Kana kawai 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日