Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

已審核 字幕已審核
  • This episode is supported by Skillshare.

    本集由Skillshare贊助播出

  • Do you ever wonder how you stack up to others?

    你是否曾經好奇過你和別人比起來是如何呢?

  • For example, in North America, if you are a male

    舉例而言,在北美,如果你是高於

  • who is taller than 5'9 or women taller than 5'3

    5尺9吋的男性,或者你是高於5尺3吋的女性

  • then you're above average.

    那麼你在平均之上

  • And if you weigh less than 88.3 kg and 74.7 kg

    而如果你的體重輕於88.3或74.7公斤

  • then you're below average.

    你就在平均之下

  • Worldwide, however, humans actually weigh 62 kg on average.

    然而,就全世界而言,人類的平均體重其實是62公斤

  • If you read less than 12 books a year,

    如果你一年讀少於12本書

  • you're below average.

    你在平均之下

  • But avid readers like likely inflate this number

    但這數字可能是由閱讀成癮的人提高的

  • with 4 books per year being the most common number reported.

    報導指出,一般人通常一年讀四本書

  • And if you can read faster than 300 words per minute,

    如果你每分鐘可以讀超過300字

  • you're above average.

    你就在平均之上

  • Type more than 40 words per minute

    每分鐘打超過40字

  • and you're also faster than the majority.

    你也比大多數人還快

  • If you finish a bachelor's degree or higher,

    如果你有學士或是更高的學歷

  • you're above average.

    你的學歷就在平均之上

  • But if you don't finish high school

    但如果你沒有讀完高中

  • and you're from industrialized nation,

    並且來自工業國家

  • you're far below average with only about 10% not finishing.

    你就遠遠低於平均值,因為只有10%的人沒有完成高中學歷

  • If you're a man who can benchpress more than 135 lbs,

    如果你是個可以舉重超過135磅的男人

  • you're stronger than many.

    你比很多人都還強壯

  • And if you're a woman who can run a mile

    如果你是一個跑一英里

  • in less than 7 to 10 minutes,

    只需花7到10分鐘的女人

  • you're faster than the others.

    你比其他女人跑得還快

  • If that tires you out and you sleep more than 6.8 hrs,

    如果你累癱了、睡超過6.8小時

  • you're getting more than majority.

    你睡覺的時間比多數人長

  • And if to wake up you're drinking less than 3 cups of coffee per day,

    如果你每天起床後喝不到三杯咖啡

  • you're below average.

    你在平均之下

  • Still thirsty? Most people drink 3 to 4 cups of water a day.

    覺得渴嗎? 大部分人每天喝3到4杯水

  • Too much fluid make you pee?

    喝太多水讓你想尿尿嗎?

  • If you're urinating less than 6 times a day, you're below average.

    如果你一天小便少於6次,你在平均之下

  • And if you have more than one bowel movement today,

    而如果你一天排便超過一次

  • you're probably above average based on surveys.

    根據調查,你也許在平均之上

  • But these are not necessarily reasons for concern.

    但也不必因此而感到擔心

  • The average person farts around 14 times a day

    一般人一天平均放屁14次

  • which is around 500 to 1500 ml

    也就是大概500到1500毫升

  • Have a family?

    你成家了嗎?

  • If you end up having more than two kids in your lifetime in most Europe and North America,

    在北美及大部份歐洲國家,如果你一生有超過2個小孩

  • you're above average.

    你在平均之上

  • But if you have less than 6 children in Niger,

    但在尼日爾,如果你只有不到6個小孩

  • you're below average.

    你在平均之下

  • And if you're watching more than 5 hours and 4 mins of TV each day,

    如果你每天看超過5小時又4分鐘的電視

  • that's more than most.

    你看電視的時間比大多數人長

  • That's the same amount of time the average spends on their mobile service.

    但和大部分人每天花在行動設備上的時間是一樣的

  • But if you're a teen and spending less than 9 hours on media,

    但如果你是個青少年,一天只花不到9小時在通訊媒體上

  • you're actually under the average.

    你其實是在平均之下

  • The average person also simply touches their phone over 2000 times a day.

    一般人平均一天碰手機超過2000次

  • Think you're smarter than the average person or better at driving?

    你覺得你比一般人聰明,或是更會開車嗎?

  • How about having better health, memory or being a better friend than the average person.

    覺得你比他們更健康、記性更好,或是一個更好的朋友嗎?

  • Turns out the vast majority of people also think they're better than average

    但其實絕大多數人都這麼想

  • in a phenomenon called Illusory Superiority.

    這是一種叫做優越感偏誤的現象

  • It's a cognitive bias where people overestimate their own abilities and qualities

    人們會因為認知偏誤而高估自己的能力和才能

  • with one study revealing

    根據研究顯示

  • 87% of students at a university surveyed

    在學校的調查中,有百分之八十七的學生

  • rated their academic performance above the median.

    認為自己的學業成績在中上程度

  • Interestingly, people with lower IQs tend to overestimate their IQ,

    有趣的是,IQ低的人往往會高估自己的IQ

  • while who actually have above-average IQs tend to underestimate them.

    而IQ比較高的人往往會低估自己

  • Men are also more likely to overestimate their IQ by 5 points,

    男人比較容易會高估自己的IQ

  • while women underestimate theirs.

    而女人則是低估自己

  • Perhaps most shocking is that in cognitive test,

    也許最令人吃驚的是,在認知測驗中

  • even the lowest scoring groups predict they're above average

    就連成績最爛的一群人也認為自己高於平均

  • showing a strong illusion.

    顯然他們對自己有強烈的幻想

  • And researchers believe it because those worst at the test

    研究人員認為這是因為那些成績最差的人

  • are also worse at understanding the skills required to do it well.

    也正好是最不知道要怎麼準備考試才能考好的人

  • This paper actually won a Nobel Prize in 2000.

    在2000年時這份研究得到了諾貝爾獎

  • In the words of Charles Bukowski,

    查理布考斯基曾說

  • "The problem with the world is that the intelligent people are full of doubts, while the stupid ones are full of confidence".

    這世界的問題在於,聰明的人對自己充滿疑惑,愚笨的人對自己充滿自信

  • If you'd like to be above average,

    如果你希望自己能在平均之上

  • check out Skillshare who has supported this video

    記得去贊助這支影片的網站Skillshare上看看

  • and is giving away a two-month free trial to the first 500 of our followers that sign up.

    前500個去Skillshare註冊的本頻道追蹤者會獲得兩個月的免費使用期

  • Skillshare is a online learning community for creators

    Skillshare 是一個提供創作者線上學習的平台

  • with more than 15000 classes in design, photo and more.

    上面有超過15000堂關於設計、攝影等等的課程

  • Everyone can take a class,

    每個人都可以上課、

  • try a project and even teach a class themselves.

    試著做專案,甚至還能親自授課

  • With Premium Membership as low as $10 for unlimited access.

    如果你是高級會員,只要花10元就能享有無數堂課

  • Just head to the link: skl.sh/asapscience

    點此連結

  • And use the Promo Code ASAPSCIENCE

    並輸入推廣碼ASAPSCIENCE

  • to sign up and learn even on mobile app or while you're offline.

    完成註冊後,你就可以在手機的APP上學習,或是離線使用

  • And subscribe for more weekly science videos every Thursday.

    訂閱此頻道獲得更多每周四科學影片

This episode is supported by Skillshare.

本集由Skillshare贊助播出

字幕與單字
已審核 字幕已審核

單字即點即查 點擊單字可以查詢單字解釋

B1 中級 中文 美國腔 平均 一般人 偏誤 成績 女人 北美

你會不會好奇...自己在平均之上還是平均之下? (Are You Above Or Below Average?)

  • 10280 957
    韓澐 發佈於 2017 年 10 月 05 日
影片單字