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  • Doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo.

    嘟嘟嘟嘟嘟嘟。

  • Doo-doo-doo-doo-doo-doo.

    嘟嘟嘟嘟嘟嘟。

  • Do-do-do-do-do-do-do-do.

    Do-do-do-do-do-do-do-do.

  • Uh, hey.

    呃,嘿。

  • How long have you been there?

    你在那裡多久了?

  • Okay, well, let's start the lesson.

    好吧,好吧,讓我們 開始上課。

  • Forget what you saw, but don't forget this.

    忘掉你所看到的。 但不要忘了這一點。

  • Hey, everyone.

    嘿,大家好。

  • I'm Alex.

    我是Alex.

  • Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "Common Present Perfect Questions".

    感謝您的點擊,歡迎來到這個 "常見的現在完成題 "一課。

  • So, in this lesson you're basically going to learn some fixed questions that all use

    所以,在這一課中,你基本上要做到 來學習一些固定的問題,都會用到

  • the present perfect.

    現在的完美。

  • You can use these, obviously, in everyday conversations, and hopefully after this lesson

    你可以使用這些,顯然,在日常 對話,希望在這節課後

  • it will be easier for you to recognize these questions in other contexts, like in media

    你會更容易識別這些 在其他情況下,如在媒體上的問題。

  • or on the street, or anywhere where you hear English and speak English.

    或在街上,或在任何地方 你聽到的是英語,說的是英語。

  • So I hope after this lesson you'll feel a lot more comfortable, and you will feel like

    所以我希望上完這堂課後,你會有很多感觸。 更加舒適,你會覺得自己像

  • you have, you know, a lot more vocabulary, a lot more phrases and common questions that

    你有,你知道,很多更多的詞彙,一個。 更多的短語和常見問題

  • you can use to make you sound more natural as an English speaker.

    你可以使用,使你的聲音更 自然而然地成為了一個說英語的人。

  • Okay. Ready, Totoro?

    好的.準備好了, 龍貓?

  • Yeah, okay.

    是啊,好吧。

  • So first...

    所以首先...

  • Well, before anything, why don't we talk about what the present perfect is for, right?

    好吧,在這之前,我們為什麼不談談 現在的完美是為了什麼,對不對?

  • So, as some of you or most of you hopefully know, the present perfect is usually used

    所以,正如你們中的一些人或大多數人所希望的那樣。 要知道

  • for life experience.

    為人生經歷。

  • So, for example: "I have been to China."

    所以,比如說"I 到過中國"。

  • This means that in my life experience any time before now-time is not important-

    這意味著,在我的人生經歷中,任何 光陰似箭

  • I have been to China in my life.

    我一生中去過中國。

  • You can also use it to talk about something that started in the past, and has continued

    你也可以用它來談論一些事情 始於過去,繼於現在

  • to the present.

    到現在。

  • So, for example: "I have lived in Toronto since 2010."

    所以,比如說"我已經生活在 自2010年以來,在多倫多"。

  • Example.

    例如:

  • And one more, you can also use the present perfect to talk about something that recently happened.

    還有一個,你也可以用現在的完形詞。 說說最近發生的事情。

  • Okay? And you can still see the effects of it.

    好嗎?你還可以 看到它的效果。

  • So, for example, if you say, I don't know:

    所以,舉例來說,如果你 說,我不知道。

  • -"Where's John?" -"He has gone to the store."

    -"約翰在哪裡?"-"他 已經去了店裡。"

  • Okay? So very recently something happened.

    好嗎?所以最近 發生了一些事情。

  • Okay, but this isn't totally a grammar lesson.

    好吧,但這不是 完全是一節文法課。

  • It's more of a lesson on memorizing some fixed questions, so let's go over them.

    這更多的是一種教訓,就是記住一些 固定的問題,讓我們來回顧一下。

  • Starting with "Yes/No", and first those in your life questions, so: "Have you ever...?"

    從 "是/否 "開始,首先是那些在。 你的生活問題,所以。"你有沒有... ?"

  • Now, after "Have you ever", always use a past participle verb, so: "Have you ever been to a place?"

    現在,在 "你有沒有 "之後,一定要用一個過去的 分詞動詞,所以。"你有沒有去過一個地方?"

  • So: "Have you ever been to China?" for example.

    那麼"你有沒有被 到中國?"比如。

  • "Have you ever seen something?",

    "你見過什麼嗎?"。

  • "Hey. Have you ever seen the movie Titanic?",

    "嘿,你有沒有看到 電影《泰坦尼克號》?"。

  • "Have you ever seen the TV series, I don't know, let's say Stranger Things on Netflix?",

    "你有沒有看過電視劇,我不。 知道嗎,比方說Netflix上的《奇遇》?"。

  • "Have you ever eaten snails?", "Have you ever eaten snake?",

    "你吃過蝸牛嗎?"。 "你吃過蛇嗎?"。

  • "Have you ever received a parking ticket, a speeding ticket?"

    "你有沒有收到過停車 罰單,超速罰單?"

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • So you can ask: "Have you ever" questions to, you know, ask about a person's life experience

    所以你可以問:"你有沒有 "的問題來。 打聽人的生活經歷

  • any time before now.

    之前任何時候。

  • You don't care about the time as long as it happened before the present moment.

    你不在乎時間,只要... 它發生在當下之前。

  • Okay, some other common in your life questions:

    好吧,其他一些常見的 在你的生活問題。

  • "Hey. Have you been there before?"

    "嘿,你有沒有 以前有嗎?"

  • So, this can be about any place.

    所以,這可以是關於任何地方。

  • This can be a restaurant, this can be a city, this can be a dance club, this can be a karaoke bar.

    這可以是一家餐廳,這可以是一個城市,這。 可以是舞廳,這裡可以是卡拉OK酒吧。

  • And you want an opinion from a person maybe to tell you about the quality of something,

    而你想要一個人的意見,也許 告訴你一些東西的品質。

  • or to tell you about their experience with that place.

    或告訴你他們的 與那個地方的經驗。

  • So: "Have you ever been there before?", "Have you ever been to _______ before?"

    所以,"你以前去過嗎?"你以前去過那裡嗎?"。 "你以前有沒有去過______?"

  • Next: "Hmm. Have we met before?"

    下一個。"嗯,我們以前見過面嗎?"

  • This is a common situation, unfortunately, for many people.

    這是一種常見的情況。 不幸的是,對於很多人來說。

  • If you can't remember people's faces or you can't remember people's names, and someone

    如果你記不住別人的臉,或者你... 記不住別人的名字,而有人

  • comes up to you, in this case let's say they come up to me and say:

    碰到你,在這種情況下,我們就 說他們走過來對我說:

  • "Oh, hey, Alex." I'm like: -"Hey. Have we met before?

    "哦,嘿,亞歷克斯。"我很喜歡,-"嘿。 我們以前見過面嗎?

  • I'm sorry.

    我很抱歉

  • I don't remember your name or I don't remember your face."

    我不記得你的名字或 我不記得你的臉了。"

  • -"Yeah. Remember? It was at Jack's birthday party."

    -"是啊。記得嗎?那是 在傑克的生日派對上。"

  • And I say: "There were one hundred people at Jack's birthday party.

    我說:"有100個 人在傑克的生日聚會。

  • I'm sorry, I don't remember."

    對不起,我不記得了。"

  • So: "Have we met before?"

    那就好"我們以前見過面嗎?"

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • Next, you can use these questions to talk about something or someone that you have seen recently.

    接下來,你可以用這些問題來談談 最近看到的東西或人。

  • So you can ask, for example: "Hey. Have you seen...?"

    所以你可以問,例如,"嘿,你有沒有看到... 你見過... ?"

  • For example: "Have you seen my phone?" if someone loses their phone, very common thing that happens.

    比如說:"你看到我的手機了嗎?"你看到我的手機了嗎?"如果有人... 丟失手機,很常見的事情發生。

  • "Have you seen my phone? I left it in the bathroom. Have you seen it?",

    "你看到我的手機了嗎?我落下了 在浴室裡。你看到了嗎?"。

  • "Have you seen Jim?"

    "你見過吉姆嗎?"

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • You can also ask the question: "Has anyone seen..."

    你也可以問這樣的問題: "有沒有人看到..."

  • If there are many people: "Has anyone seen Jim?", "Has anyone seen my lunch?"

    如果有很多人。"有沒有人 看到吉姆了嗎?","有人看到我的午餐了嗎?"

  • Like if you brought your lunch to work and you don't know where it is:

    就像你帶著你的午餐去 工作,但你不知道它在哪裡。

  • "Has anyone seen my lunch?", "Has anyone seen my keys?"

    "有人看到我的午餐了嗎?" "有沒有人看到我的鑰匙?"

  • if you go to a friend's house or a party and

    如果你去朋友家 宴會廳

  • you don't know where they are.

    你不知道他們在哪裡。

  • And usually you're referring to:

    而通常你指的是。

  • "Hey, has anyone seen or have you seen this thing or this person today, or this morning?"

    "喂,有沒有人見過或者你見過這個。 今天的事情或這個人,還是今天早上?"

  • So going back to the present perfect, if it's still the morning you can use the present perfect.

    所以,回到現在的完美,如果它還是 早上你可以用現在的完美。

  • You know: "Has anyone seen Jim this morning?"

    你知道的"有沒有人 今天早上看到吉姆了嗎?"

  • The morning is not finished.

    早晨的工作還沒有結束。

  • It started in the past, it's still the morning now, it's like 8AM, so you can say:

    它開始在過去,它仍然是的。 早晨,現在好像是早上8點,所以你可以說。

  • "Has anyone seen Jim this morning?

    "有人看到了嗎? 吉姆今天早上?

  • He's supposed to be here."

    他應該在這裡。"

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • Next, you can use the present perfect to make recommendations.

    接下來,你可以用現在的 完美的進行推薦。

  • What?

    什麼?

  • Let's do this.

    讓我們做這個。

  • I bet you didn't know that.

    我敢打賭,你不知道。

  • So: "Hmm, have you thought about...?" or:

    所以。"嗯,你有 想過......?"或。

  • "Hmm, have you considered...?"

    "嗯,你有沒有考慮過......?"

  • So, you're giving recommendations or advice to someone in a kind of gentle way if they

    所以,你給的建議或意見 婉言相勸

  • ask you for advice.

    向你請教。

  • So: "Okay, well, you don't want to go to, like, you know, your aunt's birthday party.

    所以。"好吧,好吧,你不想去。 就像,你知道,你姑姑的生日聚會。

  • Have you thought about not going?

    你有沒有想過 關於不走?

  • What would be the consequences?" Right?

    會是什麼? 後果?"對吧?

  • "Have you considered not going?"

    "你有沒有考慮過不去?"

  • Okay. -"I don't want to get into trouble.

    好吧 - "我不想 以免惹上麻煩。

  • I really, really just want to tell, you know, my girlfriend, or my aunt, or my mom, you

    我真的,真的只是想告訴,你知道的。 我的女朋友,或我的姑姑,或我的媽媽,你是

  • know, something that's not true so I can escape a situation."

    虛情假意 好讓我能逃過一劫。"

  • -"Have you considered telling the truth?

    -"你考慮過嗎? 說真話?

  • Have you thought about telling the truth?"

    你有沒有想過 說實話?"

  • So this is like sarcastic advice in this situation.

    所以這就像是在諷刺 在這種情況下,建議。

  • "I don't know. Have you thought about telling the truth?"

    "我不知道。你有沒有想過 關於說實話?"

  • And: -"Uh, I hate my job."

    然後:"呃,我討厭我的工作。"

  • -"Have you considered looking for a new job?

    -"你有沒有考慮過 找新工作?

  • Have you thought about looking for a new job?"

    你有沒有想過 找新工作?"

  • So you're offering options-right?-to the person that is asking you for advice.

    所以,你提供的選項,對吧? 徵求你意見的人。

  • Next, hey, you can ask, like, a conditional question with the present perfect?

    接下來,嘿,你可以問,像,一個條件的 用現在完成時的問題?

  • No way.

    不可能

  • So: "Have you ever wondered...?"

    所以,你有沒有想過..:"你有沒有想過...?"

  • Now, this is very common.

    現在,這種情況非常普遍。

  • "Have you ever wondered...?" or: "Have you ever thought about...?"

    "你有沒有想過..."? "你有沒有想過...?"

  • and then you can ask your, you know, secondary question.

    然後你可以問你的,你 知道,次要問題。

  • "Have you ever thun-..."

    "你有沒有想過..."

  • Have you ever thund about?

    你有過這樣的經歷嗎?

  • Thought about.

    想到了。

  • "...what would happen if", and then, for example:

    "......如果 "會發生什麼? 然後,例如:

  • "Have you ever thought about what would happen if we discovered life on other planets?",

    "你有沒有想過會發生什麼 如果我們發現了其他星球上的生命?"。

  • "Have you ever thought about what would happen if hamburgers ate people?"

    "你有沒有想過什麼會 如果漢堡包吃人,會發生什麼?"

  • You know, something like that.

    你知道,類似的東西。

  • Like a ridiculous situation, which conditionals...

    就像一個可笑的情況。 哪些條件...

  • You can ask ridiculous questions with conditionals.

    你可以問一些荒謬的問題 帶條件的問題。

  • Okay. Next, if you have studied the present perfect before you know some of the most common words

    好了,接下來,如果你已經學習了現在完成時。接下來,如果你已經學習了現在的完美 在你還不知道一些最常見的詞彙之前

  • with present perfect are words like: "recently", "yet", and "already".

    與現在的完形詞是這樣的詞。 "最近","還","已經"。

  • So we talked about things that have recently happened, recently finished.

    是以,我們談到的事情,有 最近發生的,最近完成的。

  • So, here: "Hey. Have you talked to _______ recently?"

    所以,在這裡。"嘿,你有沒有 最近和______談過嗎?"

  • For example, your mom: "Have you talked to your mom lately?",

    比如說,你媽媽。"你有沒有 最近和你媽媽談過了嗎?"。

  • "Have you talked to your mom recently?", "Have you talked to your dad?",

    "你最近和你媽媽談過了嗎?", "你跟你爸爸談過了嗎?"。

  • "Have you talked to...?" whoever, your cousin, your best friend.

    "你有沒有跟......?"不管是誰。 你的表妹,你最好的朋友。

  • You can also say: "Hey. Have you _______ yet?"

    你也可以說:"喂,你... 你已經______了嗎?"

  • So: "Have you finished watching Stranger Things yet?"

    那就好"你說完了嗎? 看《奇遇》了嗎?"

  • The Netflix series, for example.

    比如說,網劇。

  • So: "Have you", and don't forget with present perfect you're always using the past participle verb,

    所以,"有你"。"有你",不要忘了與現在的完美。 你總是用過去分詞動詞。

  • so: "Have you finished something yet?", "Have you done something yet?",

    所以。"你是不是完成了什麼任務 嗎?"、"你做了什麼事了嗎?"。

  • "Have you started something yet?"

    "你開始了嗎? 東西了嗎?"

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • Before now, have you already or have you started it yet?

    在此之前,你是否已經 還是你已經開始了?

  • And last question: "Hey. Have you already _______?",

    還有最後一個問題。"喂,你是不是已經______了? 你是不是已經______了?"。

  • "Have you already started your project?",

    "你已經 開始你的項目?"。

  • "Have you already finished your homework?", "Wow. You finished your homework?

    "你已經寫完作業了嗎?", "哇,你的作業做完了?

  • Wait.

    等一下

  • Have you already finished your homework?"

    你是否已經 完成了你的作業?"

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • So, very, very common yes/no questions.

    所以,非常,非常普遍 是/否的問題;

  • Before we move on to the "Wh", why don't you guys help me and, you know, you've been watching

    在我們繼續討論 "Wh "之前,你為什麼不... 夥計們幫我,你知道,你一直在看。

  • me for a long time, you've only been using your ears - let's use your mouth.

    我已經很久了,你才剛剛... 用你的耳朵 - 讓我們用你的嘴。

  • Let's, you know, listen and repeat, and practice our pronunciation, and our fluency, and our

    讓我們,你知道,聽和重複,並練習 我們的發音,我們的流利程度,以及我們的。

  • intonation with these questions.

    語氣與這些問題。

  • So, I'm just going to pick one.

    所以,我只想選一個。

  • Let's see, repeat after me:

    讓我們看看,跟著我說。

  • "Have you ever eaten snake?"

    "你吃過蛇嗎?"

  • Okay.

    好吧,我知道了

  • "Have you been there before?",

    "你以前去過那裡嗎?"。

  • "I'm sorry. Have we met before?",

    "對不起,我很抱歉。有 我們以前見過面嗎?"。

  • "Have you seen my keys?",

    "你看到我的鑰匙了嗎?"。

  • "Has anyone seen my phone?"

    "有沒有人看到我的手機?"

  • Okay, good.

    好的,很好。

  • "Have you thought about not going?",

    "你有沒有想過 關於不走?"。

  • "Have you considered looking for a new job?"

    "你有沒有考慮過 找新工作?"

  • All right.

    好吧,我知道了

  • This one's just too long, I can't ask you guys to repeat this.

    這個太長了,我做不到。 請你們重複一下。

  • Oh, yes I can because it's my video and you're watching.

    哦,是的,我可以,因為這是我的。 視頻,你在看。

  • "Have you ever wondered what would happen if we discovered life on other planets?"

    "你有沒有想過會發生什麼 如果我們發現了其他星球上的生命?"

  • Yeah. Okay.

    是啊。好吧,我知道了

  • And: "Have you talked to your mom recently?",

    還有"你有沒有談過 最近給你媽媽?"。

  • "Have you finished the dishes yet?",

    "你說完了嗎? 碗筷了嗎?"。

  • "Have you already folded the laundry?"

    "你已經 疊好的衣服?"

  • All right, good.

    好吧,好。

  • So let's continue to some "Wh" questions, very common:

    所以,讓我們繼續對一些 "Wh "問題,很常見。

  • "Where have you been?" So if someone comes home to your house, maybe your roommate,

    "你去哪了?"所以如果有人來 家到你家,也許是你的室友。

  • maybe you're a parent and your

    也許你是一個家長,你的

  • teenaged son, teenaged daughter comes home very late and you're waiting for them:

    少子少女回家 很晚了,你還在等他們。

  • "Where have you been?"

    "你去哪裡了?"

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • So you're wondering where they have been from the past until now, until this moment.

    所以你想知道他們去了哪裡 從過去到現在,直到此刻。

  • "Where have you been?" Okay?

    "你去哪了?"好嗎?

  • "How have you been?"

    "你最近怎麼樣?"

  • So this is another way to say: "How are you?"

    所以這是另一種方式 說:"你好嗎?"你好嗎?"

  • but usually you ask this if you haven't seen someone for, you know, a long time and you

    但通常你問這個,如果你還沒有看到。 一個人,你知道,很長一段時間,你

  • say: "Wow. I haven't seen you in five months. How have you been in that time?"

    說:"哇,我有5年沒見過你了。"哇,我有5年沒見過你了 個月。這段時間你過得怎麼樣?"

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • So you're asking: "How are you?"

    所以你在問"你怎麼樣?"

  • but it's for a person you haven't seen in a long time.

    但這是給你的人 很久沒見了

  • -"Hey. How have you been?"

    -"嘿,你最近怎麼樣?"

  • -"I've been good.", "I've been busy.",

    -"我一直很好"。 "我一直很忙"。

  • "I've been very, very, I don't know, let's say I've been down a little bit."

    "我一直很,很,我不知道。 比方說,我一直在下降一點。"

  • So I've been sad, maybe.

    所以我一直很傷心,也許。

  • Another one: "What have you done?"

    又是一個。"什麼 你做過什麼?"

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • So, usually, this is when you are shocked by something you have seen, maybe it's a co-worker

    所以,通常情況下,這時候你就會被 見過的東西,可能是你的同事。

  • or let's say someone is doing something on your computer.

    或者說有人在做 你電腦上的東西。

  • Right?

    對吧?

  • And then you come back to your computer and everything looks different.

    然後你再回到電腦前 一切看起來都不一樣了。

  • So maybe somebody added some files on to your desktop, or maybe it's on a weird website

    所以也許有人在你的 桌面,或者是在一個奇怪的網站上。

  • and you look at, like, your friend, or your roommate, or your brother, or your sister,

    你看,像,你的朋友,或你的。 室友,或你的兄弟,或你的妹妹。

  • or your mom, or your dad and you say:

    或你的媽媽,或你的 爸爸和你說。

  • "What have you done? This isn't the computer that I left you with." Okay?

    "你做了什麼?這不是... 電腦,我離開你。"好嗎?

  • Next: "When has that ever happened?" or: "When has that ever been true?"

    下一個。"什麼時候發生過這種事?" 或者:"什麼時候發生過這樣的事?"

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • So, if your friend tells you something that is, you know, maybe you think it's unbelievable

    所以,如果你的朋友告訴你一件事,是。 你知道,也許你會覺得難以置信

  • or something that doesn't happen very frequently, or something that you just think cannot be,

    或一些不常發生的事情。 或者是你認為不可能的東西。

  • so you can say: "When has that ever happened?

    所以你可以說。"當 有過這種情況嗎?

  • When has that ever been true?"

    什麼時候有過這樣的情況?"

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • So let's continue with: "How long" so you're asking about the duration of something:

    所以我們繼續說。"多長時間",所以你 詢問某事的持續時間。

  • "How long have you been here?", "Have long have you been there?"

    "你來這裡多久了?"。 "你在那裡多久了?"

  • Another common question that's similar to this is, you know, if you are doing something

    另一個常見的問題是,類似於 這是,你知道,如果你正在做的東西。

  • embarrassing like talking to your t-shirt and singing a song from a 1980s Japanese anime

    尷尬的像說話 你的T恤和 唱歌聲

  • while people all over the internet watch you, and you look up and:

    滿城風雨 看著你,你抬頭看看,然後。

  • "Oh, how long have you been standing there?"

    "哦,你有多久了 一直站在那裡?"

  • Now, maybe you're not standing, but this is a common question people ask, too.

    現在,也許你不是站著的,但這個... ... 也是人們常問的問題。

  • "How long have you been standing there?"

    "你有多長時間了? 一直站在那裡?"

  • Now, I add that question and I don't put it here because:

    現在,我加上這個問題,然後 我不把它放在這裡是因為。

  • "How long have you been standing there?"

    "你有多長時間了? 一直站在那裡?"

  • is actually a present perfect continuous question, but the idea is the same.

    其實是一個現在完成式連續體 問題,但想法是一樣的。

  • All right?

    好嗎?

  • So: "How long have you been there?" Okay?

    那就好"你有多久了 一直在那裡?"好嗎?

  • And finally: "Why has no one ever mentioned this?" Okay?

    最後:"為什麼沒有人 曾經提到過這個?"好嗎?

  • "Why has no one ever told me this before?"

    "為什麼從來沒有人 以前跟我說過嗎?"

  • So if you get, you know, a new policy at your job or you get new information on a project,

    所以,如果你得到,你知道,一個新的政策,在你的。 工作,或者你得到項目的新資訊。

  • you know, at school, and you're like: "This information would have been useful three weeks ago.

    你知道,在學校,你喜歡,"這... 這些資訊在三週前會很有用

  • Why has no one ever mentioned this?

    為什麼從來沒有人 提到這個?

  • Why has no one ever told me?"

    為什麼從來沒有人告訴我?"

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • All right.

    好吧,我知道了

  • So, finally, let's repeat these questions like we did these...

    所以,最後,讓我們重複一下這些 像我們做這些問題...

  • Like we did these ones.

    就像我們做的這些。

  • Yes.

    是的,我知道

  • So repeat after me, guys.

    所以跟著我說,夥計們。

  • "Where have you been?",

    "你去哪裡了?"。

  • "How have you been?"

    "你最近怎麼樣?"

  • That intonation is weird.

    那語調很奇怪。