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字幕列表 影片播放

  • In a Moment of Vision...

    當靈光乍現的時候...

  • Early 1800s.

    18世紀初期

  • It's the middle of the Napoleonic Wars in the middle of Europe,

    歐洲大陸中部的拿破崙戰爭正如火如荼的開打

  • and it's the middle of the night.

    午夜時刻

  • One Captain Charles Barbier of Napoleon's army

    拿破崙軍隊中的查爾斯‧巴比爾將軍

  • is trying to relay a message to one of his troops.

    試圖要傳遞訊息給軍隊的士兵

  • But sending written communications to the front lines

    但是傳送書信給前線士兵

  • can be deadly for the recipient.

    可能會惹來殺身之禍

  • Lighting a candle to read the missive can give away their positions to the enemy.

    如果點蠟燭閱讀書信,可能會間接洩漏藏匿的地點

  • In a moment of vision,

    巴比爾靈機一動

  • Barbier pokes a series of holes into a sheet of a paper with his blade,

    用刀片在一張紙的背後戳出許多小洞

  • creating a coded message that can be deciphered by fingertip,

    這些小洞組成的訊息要用指尖摸才可以解讀

  • even in the pitch black.

    所以即使一片黑暗也可以讀取

  • The merits of his so-called night writing are never acknowledged by the military,

    軍隊的人從來不知道巴比爾所謂的「點字」的好處

  • but in 1821, Barbier approaches the Royal Institute for Blind Youth in Paris

    但在1821時,巴比爾向巴黎的盲人青年皇家學會提出建議

  • in the hopes that they might find a use

    希望他們能夠運用

  • for his innovative, new communication method.

    自己這項創新的溝通方式

  • There, a precocious teen by the name of Louis Braille does just that.

    有位成熟的青年,路易‧布萊葉接受了他的提議

  • Louis spends the next several years improving on Barbier's idea,

    路易花了許多年的時間修正巴比爾原本的點字版本

  • creating an organized alphabet fitting into a six dot standardized cell.

    創設了一套新的系統,運用六個整齊的洞,排列組合出26個字母

  • The system catches on.

    這套系統開始流行起來

  • Today, Braille is the universally accepted system of writing for the blind,

    直到今日,布萊葉發展的點字系統已經廣傳全世界

  • adapted for more than 130 languages.

    超過130種語言以他的系統為雛形,進行點字系統的設計

In a Moment of Vision...

當靈光乍現的時候...

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B2 中高級 中文 美國腔 TED-Ed 路易 拿破崙 軍隊 士兵 訊息

TED-Ed】(盲文是如何被髮明的|視覺時刻9-Jessica Oreck)。 (【TED-Ed】(How Braille was invented | Moments of Vision 9 - Jessica Oreck))

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    Amy.Lin 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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