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  • Hello, this is Ray. Today I'm going to teach you how to think in English!

    哈囉我是阿滴,今天我要教你如何開始用英文思考!

  • Hey guys! It has been a while

    哈囉大家好久不見!

  • Welcome back to Ray's English channel. Let's have fun learning English together

    歡迎大家回到阿滴英文的頻道,跟我一起快樂學英文。

  • First I would like to apologize, because the last episode came out last June

    那首先呢要說個抱歉,因為我在去年的六月就已經 做了英文思考邏輯的「上集」

  • and I postponed the second half till now

    那這個下集呢,到現在才要推出把他完整的講完。

  • It's actually not that long, right? It's only been a half year, six months, 180 days, or 4320 hours. Yep

    其實也沒有多久嘛,就半年六個月180天4320個小時。嗯。

  • Now I'm finally here. I'll first go over the important points from last episode

    今天出來面對,我會先把上集講過的重點做一個整理,

  • then complete the whole content, to show my sincerity

    之後再把所有的內容補齊,以表示我的誠意。

  • Today we will cover three parts of thinking in English

    今天我們會講到英文思考的三個部分:

  • Single word reflex, chunking, and substitution drill

    單字反射、片語區塊、以及句構代換。

  • First I want to say that, thinking in English is not that difficult

    首先我要講的是,英文思考並不是一件困難的事,

  • Of course, to express a thorough and complex meaning is not easy

    當然如果你想要表達出來一個完整又複雜的意思, 那可能不太容易,

  • However, you only need to know a single word to start thinking in English

    不過呢英文思考只要從你知道一個單字開始,就可以做了。

  • So first, we're going to talk about single word reflex

    所以第一,就是單字反射。

  • The correspond English word immediately pops up in your mind when you see something

    你一看到一個東西就馬上反應出他的英文是什麼。

  • For example, in this room: a table, a computer, my sister, my new camera

    比如說這個房間裡面 a table, a computer, my sister, my new camera

  • this messy roomwhat are you talking about

    this messy room (哈哈哪有亂阿)

  • This is my sister's room, if you know what I mean

    This is my sister’s room, if you know what I mean。

  • Whenever you see a thing, you can quickly respond with its English name

    隨時隨地,只要看到東西就反射出他的英文名稱是什麼。

  • What if you see something that you don't know the English name of? Very simple

    如果看到一個你不確定英文是什麼的東西的話呢,非常簡單,

  • Take out your phone and look it up, you will learn it immediately

    就拿出來你的手機,隨手一查,就可以馬上學起來。

  • When doing this kind of practice, you can try making it a complete sentence

    在做這種練習的時候也可以讓他變成是一個完整的短句,

  • Such as, that's a dog, there's a dog, it's a dot, etc

    比如說,that’s a dog, there’s a dog, it’s a dog 等等。

  • Other than names, that is, nouns

    除了東西的名稱,就是名詞之外,

  • You can also think about movements, or verbs.

    你也可以想一下動作,也就是動詞。

  • So you can think about what you or others are doing

    所以你可以去思考一下,你或者是別人正在做的事情,

  • Like, I'm talking, she's filming,

    比如說 I’m talking, she’s filming,

  • you're watching, you're learning,

    you’re watching, you’re learning,

  • you're starting to fall in love with Ray. (Uh, no they're not)

    you’re starting to fall in love with Ray. (uh, no they’re not)

  • I know you are.

    I know you are.

  • After that, you can try adjectives, to describe situations or emotions

    再來你也可以試試看形容詞,用來描述狀況或者是情緒,

  • For example, I'm happy, it's funny, she's pretty, (uh huh)

    比如說 I’m happy, it’s funny, she’s pretty, (uh huh)

  • I'm lying (Hey! That's not even an adjective!) That's not an adjective

    I’m lying (欸!你那個根本不是形容詞吧) 那個根本不是形容詞 。

  • By reflecting English words like this and doing more practice

    像這樣子多方面的去反射性想英文,多這樣子練習的時候,

  • It's going to be unbelievably fluent when you actually use them

    當你真正需要說出來的時候,就會順暢到你不可置信。

  • The second one is chunking

    再來第二,片語區塊。

  • It's mentioned in linguistics, which means putting words in chunks

    這個語言學稱為 chunking,也就是「區塊化」。

  • In other words, "meaning" is now the basic unit of English, not "word"

    區塊化簡單來說就是把英文視為「意義單位」, 而不是「單字單位」。

  • For example, "as a matter of fact" is a unit of meaning

    舉個例子來說 as a matter of fact 這就是一個 意義單位「事實上」,

  • instead of five separate words

    而不是 as a matter of fact 這五個單字。

  • I don't think of the meanings of every single word when I use them. They have a meaning as a group

    我在使用這個單字的時候不會一個字一個字的去 思考,他對我來說是一個完整的意義區塊,

  • Thus when I want to say "事實上", I will naturally say "as a matter of fact"

    所以當我想要說「事實上」的時候,我就會 很自然的直接說 as a matter of fact。

  • Here's another example, "make yourself at home". If we analyze the phrase grammatically

    再舉個例子,make yourself at home, 如果我們要用文法來分析的話

  • "make" is a causative verb, left out the subject "you", "yourself" is a reflexive pronoun, "at home" is an adverb phrase

    make 是使役動詞省略了主詞 you、 yourself 是反身代名詞、at home 是副詞片語。

  • You get it? I'm not going to explain it again

    有聽懂嗎,我沒有打算說第二次。

  • However, we don't think about the complex grammar structure when we talk

    不過這麼複雜的文法結構我們在講話的時候不會刻意的去想,

  • Because "make yourself at home" is a meaning chunk

    因為 make yourself at home 他就是一個意義區塊,

  • Which means "不用客氣、不用拘束", so we use them intuitively

    意思就是「不用客氣、不用拘束」,所以會 非常直覺性的一起使用。

  • Therefore, use chunks instead of memorizing word by word

    所以與其是一個單字一個單字的背誦,不如是 一個區塊一個區塊的使用。

  • So when you hear a common usage next time, try learning them as a whole

    所以下一次聽到一個常用的用法的話 不如把它一次全部打包帶回家背起來。

  • While phrasal chunks may sound like a great idea, there are still drawbacks

    片語區塊聽起來當然好像不錯,不過還是有缺點的,

  • First, when you only know the Chinese words, you can't figure out the corresponding English chunk

    第一,當你只知道中文的時候,你會不知道 正確相對應的英文區塊是什麼。

  • Second, even if you find it, the chunk can only express one meaning

    第二,就算你真的找到了,這一個區塊也只能一次 表達一個意思,無法有彈性地創造出其他的意義。

  • instead of flexibly create other meanings

    所以第三,就是句構代換。

  • So the third one is, substitution drill

    也就是了解了基本的文法架構之後呢, 代換不同的內容來創造不同的語意。

  • Which is substituting different content after understanding the basic grammar structure

    英文是一個詞性很明確,各詞性該擺在哪一個位置 也很規律的語言。

  • to create different meanings

    所以呢,了解基本的文法架構,可以讓你不斷的 延伸句子,或者是可以讓你透過代換來創造出新的句子。

  • English has a clear part of speech, and its positions often follow the same pattern

    一個最簡單的例子就是 I want to 加上動詞,

  • As a result, understand the basic grammar structure lets you extend a sentence

    那這個在文法上面叫做不定詞,不過你不需要 知道這個,你只需要知道,I want to 加上動詞,

  • or create new sentences by substitution

    所以比如說 I want to talk to you, I want to teach you English, I want to make you improve 等等。

  • One simple example is that "I want to" plus a verb

    再來除了單詞單詞的代換之外,你可以代換的是子句,

  • This is called infinitives in grammar, but you don't need to know that

    比如說 how to think in English 這個就是一個子句 作為是名詞,所以他可以放在任何受詞的位置,

  • So for example, I want to talk to you, I want to teach you English, I want to make you improve, etc

    所以你看喔,I need to learn this 就可以代換成 I need to learn how to think in English。

  • Except for substituting words, you can also substitute clauses

    再進一步你可以試著用連接詞把兩個完整的句子連接在一起,

  • For example, "how to think in English" is a clause as a noun, so it can be put in any objective's position

    比如說 I’m already thinking in English, but I’ll need to work on it more。

  • Now look at this, "I need to learn this" can be substituted as "I need to learn how to think in English"

    這種方式可以最多變化、最彈性的創造出不同的 語意,但是呢,前提就是你需要了解一些基本的結構跟文法。

  • You can even try using conjunctions to link two complete sentences together

    所以重點就是,了解文法結構之後呢,代換進去 適合的單字或者是片語。

  • For example, "I'm already thinking in English, but I'll need to work on it more"

    所以這個就是今天整理給大家,英文思考的三個方法

  • This is the most flexible way to create different meanings

    第一,單字反射、第二,片語區塊、第三,句構代換。

  • but some basic knowledge of grammar structures are needed beforehand

    不過講了這麼多,實際上 what it all comes down to 就是你願不願意花時間去做英文思考,

  • So the point is, after knowing grammar structures, substitute the appropriate words or phrases

    沒有任何人可以幫你思考,只有你自己可以做得出來。

  • These are the three ways of how to think in English

    So, after all this, start thinking in English today.

  • First, single word reflex. Second, chunking. Third, substitutional drill

    Just do it.

  • However, what it all comes down to is that whether you want to spend time thinking in English or not

    如果你喜歡這個影片,請幫我按個讚。

  • There no one but yourself can help you think

    如果你想要每個禮拜繼續跟我有趣的學英文的話, 不要忘記要訂閱我的頻道,在上面這個按鈕。

  • So, after all this, start thinking in English today

    那除了 YouTube 之外呢,我也有 Facebook 跟 Instagram,那你都可以用 Ray Du English 來去搜尋到我。

  • Just do it

    那這邊的話是更多的影片,這裡的話是我的網站, 如果有興趣的話可以去看一看。

  • If you like this video, give us a thumbup

    And that is a wrap for today, thank you guys for watching as always, and I’ll catch you guys next time! See ya! (See ya~)

  • If you want to have fun learning English with me, don't forget to subscribe

    布噜布噜布噜 布噜布噜布噜

  • Other than YouTube, you can also search "Ray Du English" to find us on Facebook and Instagram

    因為 make yourself at home 他就是一個魚.....

  • Here are more videos, and this is my website, go take a look if you are interested

    于~~~芋頭,他是一個芋頭。

  • And that is a wrap for today, thank you guys for watching as always, watching as always, and I’ll catch you guys next time! See ya! (See ya~)

    Do it! (Do it!) Think in English!

  • bluhbluhbluh...bluhbluhbluh...

    THINK! IN! ENGLISH!

  • Because "make yourself at home" is a fi...

  • fi~~~shit's a fish

  • Do it! (Do it!) Think in English!

  • THINK! IN! ENGLISH!

Hello, this is Ray. Today I'm going to teach you how to think in English!

哈囉我是阿滴,今天我要教你如何開始用英文思考!

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 中文 美國腔 阿滴英文 區塊 單字 片語 思考 文法

換個英語腦訓練英文思考 // How to Think in English (換個英語腦訓練英文思考 // How to Think in English)

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    Leon Chen 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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