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  • Hi guys, today I'm going to be talking about how to build up your confidence in

    哈囉大家好,今天我要跟大家談談如何建立自信於

  • speaking English if you've learnt it as a foreign language. Coming from someone who's learnt English

    說英文這件事上,如果英文是你的外語的話。對於學習英文的

  • as a foreign language, I know it's not easy and you constantly doubt yourself

    人而言,我知道這件事不容易,而且會讓你持續懷疑自己

  • especially if you feel like your level of English is still not where you want it to be.

    尤其是當你覺得你的英文程度不如自己所願時

  • And I've struggled with it for a while, whilst I built up my confidence to speak English,

    當我在建立說英文的自信時,我也曾為此掙扎了好一陣子

  • but nowadays I find that I can communicate and I can speak to other native speakers of English

    但是,現在我發現我已經可以和英文母語人士溝通

  • without feeling too intimidated. I still would feel intimidated if I had to go and have

    也不會覺得太過膽怯。我仍然會有點害怕,如果我需要去和

  • a conversation with the Queen or Prime Minister, but I think that, overall,

    女皇或首相說話,但我認為

  • on day-to-day life, day-to-day situations I feel very confident speaking English

    對於日常生活的情況,我已經對說英文很有自信

  • The only times where I struggle still is talking on the phone, because although

    我仍然會感到比較緊張的情況是透過電話說話,因為雖然

  • I understand everything and I know that people understand me, I still feel that

    我能懂所有內容,而且我也知道對方聽得懂我講的,但我仍會感受到

  • pressure that I can't see the person that I'm talking to.

    壓力,因為我無法看到我正在說話的這個人

  • So I'm hoping to give you some tips and maybe kind of point you in the right direction

    所以我希望能提供大家一些訣竅,也許能給予一些正確的方向

  • of helping you build your own confidence and to feel like you've got this,

    幫忙大家建立說英文的自信心,並讓你覺得你可以做得到

  • that you don't have to be scared, you don't have to be afraid.

    你不必恐懼、也不必再害怕

  • Just by sharing some of my experiences and things that have helped me.

    藉由分享我的一些經驗希望可以幫助你們

  • So if you don't know anything about me and you just stumbled upon this video,

    如果你完全不知道我這個人,只是不小心點開這支影片

  • my name is Ysis, I'm originally from Brazil and I live in the UK, I've been living here for the last

    我的名字是 Ysis,我來自巴西,現居英國,我已經住在英國

  • nearly seven years now and I learnt English as a foreign language in Brazil,

    快要7年了,我在巴西時開始學英文

  • so when I came here I already knew I'd say ninety percent of the English

    所以當我來到英國時,當時的我已經會了

  • that I know now, but I've spoken about my story and my background on previous videos before,

    現在會的英文的九成。因為我在先前的影片已經提過我的故事和背景

  • so I won't bore you with the details again. I'll just leave my English Language playlist here

    所以我不會再重述這些讓你感到無聊的細節。我在這邊放上我的影片播放清單

  • for you to go and have a look at my previous videos, and they have helped a lot of people out there

    供你們回顧我之前的影片,而這些影片也已經幫助了許多人

  • which I'm really happy about, so I'm hoping to make some more videos

    我真的覺得很高興,所以我希望在拍更多的影片

  • which will be even more helpful to you all.

    能帶給你們更多的幫助

  • My first kind of general tip to help build your confidence to make you

    我的第一個秘訣幫助你建立自信,讓你在

  • feel more comfortable speaking English as a foreign language is to remember

    講英文時感到很自在,就是記住

  • that everybody is going to make mistakes in every language, either it be English

    每個人在講每種語言時都會犯錯,不管是英文

  • Spanish, Portuguese. If you're a native

    西班牙文或葡萄牙文。無論你是母語

  • speaker, if you're a foreign speaker, if you are

    人士、外語人士

  • student, if you are teacher, even if you're

    學生,或是老師,即使你

  • the most professional speaker of a

    對某一個語言極其專業

  • language, you will still make mistakes,

    你仍然會犯錯

  • and so you're not gonna be the only

    所以你不會是唯一那個

  • person in that conversation in that

    會在對話時,在面對

  • situation making mistakes. Making grammar

    不同情況時犯錯的人。犯了文法

  • mistakes, making speaking mistakes,

    錯誤、犯下口說錯誤

  • making kind of like pronunciation

    或犯下發音這類的

  • mistakes. I make mistakes all the time,

    錯誤。我總是在犯錯

  • and if they were to stop me from feeling

    如果這些錯誤讓我覺得不再

  • confidence and carrying on a

    自信,不再想要

  • conversation, I would never have become

    在任何對談,那我永遠不會

  • fluent in English, and that is something

    讓我的英文更流利,所以這是

  • that I think I had to accept before I

    在持續前進前,要先自己去接受的一點

  • moved on and decidedYou know what?

    並下決心跟自己說:「你知道嗎?

  • even though I'm making some mistakes, it

    即使我犯錯,這

  • doesn't mean that I have a bad level of

    不代表我的英文程度很差

  • English, it doesn't mean that I can't

    這也不代表我不會

  • speak English.

    講英文。」

  • It just means that i will get over these

    這只是說明了我要在未來去克服這些

  • mistakes and the people that I'm talking

    錯誤,而跟我對話的這些人

  • to, they still understand me, and they will.

    他們還是能理解我的意思,以後也會

  • I think you have to remember as

    我認為大家必須記住

  • well that people are not as critical and

    人們其實並沒有對你的英文這麼地挑剔和

  • judgmental of your own english as you are.

    愛批評,跟我們自己相比的話

  • That was a huge problem for me. I'm a big

    這對我來說是一個大問題。因為我自身是一個超級

  • perfectionist, so it was a big issue for

    完美主義者,所以對我來說是一件很嚴重的事情

  • me when I knew had made a mistake. When I

    當我知道我犯了錯。當我

  • knew that I didn't know something, I felt

    瞭解到我不知道某些東西,我會覺得

  • as though people were judging me just as

    人們將會嚴厲地批評我

  • harshly as I judged myself.

    就像我在批評我自己那樣

  • So just remember that the majority of people are

    所以記得大部分的人

  • not going to judge you for your mistakes.

    不會像你自己一樣批評你的錯誤

  • Also if you make YouTube videos, and you

    同樣的如果你製作 YouTube 影片,而你

  • put yourself out there, and you're

    把自己變成了公眾人物,你

  • worried that people are mocking you or

    會擔心人們嘲笑你或

  • that they are talking about your accent

    談論你的口音

  • as being funny or weird, or that they

    很好笑、很奇怪,或者他們

  • don't think you know enough English,

    不覺得你懂得足夠多的英文

  • just remember that you're the only person

    所以記得你才是那個唯一一個

  • that has the right to analyze your level

    有資格評斷你的英文程度的人

  • of English, that other people's

    其他人

  • perception of your English doesn't

    對你英文的瞭解,不是

  • matter as much as long as you're happy,

    最重要的,重點是你要開心

  • that you're progressing, that you're

    你正在進步,你

  • doing well that you're being understood,

    做的很棒,而且別人也可以聽懂意思

  • and that's all that matters.

    這才是最重要的

  • I get a lot of lovely comments from you

    我收到許多來自大家的暖心留言

  • guys on my english videos, complimenting

    在我的英文學習影片下,稱讚

  • me on the level of my English and my accent, and all

    我的英文水平和我的口音之類的

  • of these things which are all really

    這些真的

  • nice to hear and really important to me,

    都很棒,而且對我來說很重要

  • because I put a lot of effort and time

    因為我付出了很多的努力和時間在這上面

  • and money into learning English as a

    也花了金錢去學習英文

  • foreign language and becoming fluent, so

    讓我變得更加流利,所以

  • it means a lot to me when people say

    這些留言對我來說意義重大,當人們說

  • your English is really good. And, but I

    你的英文很好。但我

  • also get a few comments from people here

    也有收到一些留言

  • on YouTube saying that my English is

    在 YouTube 上說我的英文

  • nothing special, that my accent is

    一點也不突出、我的口音很

  • rubbish, that... you know, just people

    糟糕,還有其他等等的批評,人們

  • criticizing basically the way that I speak.

    基本上就是批評我說話的方式。

  • I know it's their opinion and

    我知道這只是他們的評論,

  • they're entitled to it, but it doesn't

    他們也有權利表達,只是這不

  • mean that I have to agree with them, and

    表示我必須去同意他們的意見

  • it doesn't mean that their opinion is

    這也不代表他們的意見是

  • the truth, or that it's more important than

    真實的,或者是比我

  • what I think about myself. So, don't let

    對我自己的看法更重要。所以不要

  • the fear of being judged knock you down

    讓害怕被批評的恐懼擊倒你

  • and feel like you can't progress with

    並且覺得你無法在更精進於

  • your English level, if you know what I

    你的英文水準,如果你知道我想

  • mean. My second tip is to stop treating

    傳達的意思。我的第 2 個訣竅是停止把

  • yourself as a student, and that's

    自己當成學生,這也是

  • something that I still do till this day,

    我直到現在都在執行的一件事

  • and I've got to kind of like... stop myself

    我有時要阻止我自己

  • when I'm doing it because it's really

    這樣做,因為這樣真的

  • counterproductive, and what I mean by

    會產生學習的反效果,我說的意思是

  • this is that sometimes when I'm talking

    當你在講話

  • to someone about something that I don't

    向別人說一些你不是

  • have a great knowledge of, I kind of give

    很懂的事情,我有時候會先

  • people a bit of a disclaimer, and I say

    打預防針,說:

  • oh English is not my first language, and...

    英文不是我的母語,而且...

  • you know, if I make a few mistakes here

    你知道的,所以如果我在這裡犯錯

  • and there... and although that does lighten

    和那裡犯錯...,雖然這可以緩和

  • up the mood of the conversation,

    對話的氣氛

  • it already brings my own confidence down,

    但這已經讓我的自信心大為降低

  • because I feel like the person that I'm

    因為我覺得跟你對話的這個人

  • talking to is that a higher level than me

    英文比你高一層級

  • If I just believed in myself,

    我所做的是相信我自己

  • that conversation would have flowed a lot

    這樣對話就可以處在一個相對

  • more equally. It's not so much about how

    更平等的狀態。重點的不是

  • the person feels, it is about how I feel

    對方怎麼想,而是關於我自己怎麼想

  • towards the person that I'm talking to.

    在跟我對話的這個人

  • So, I mean general day-to-day

    所以我的意思是日常的

  • conversations it's fine to be humbling

    生活對話,可以謙虛地

  • to say: oh I don't know this or I don't

    說:「我不知道這是什麼或我不太

  • know much about that or my English is

    了解這個,或我的英文

  • not very good in that particular field

    在某個領域不是很懂。」

  • but I think it's kind of like a way to

    但我認為這個方式

  • bring your own confidence down, is not a

    會讓你的自信下降,並不是

  • good thing to do. Don't kind of discard

    好的方式。不要丟棄

  • your own level of English just because

    你自身的英文能力,只因為

  • you're a student and you're a foreign

    你是個學生或你是個外國

  • speaker. My third tip is to not play it

    人。我第 3 個秘訣是不要打

  • safe.

    安全牌

  • Try your best to use those words that you're

    試著去多用那些字彙,是你

  • not confident about, because they are the

    不太確定如何使用的,因為它們正是

  • ones that are going to give you the

    未來可以帶給你

  • confidence that you need. Get stuck into

    自信的那部分。你需要的是把自己

  • the difficult conversations. Don't shy

    放入困難的對話當中。不要刻意

  • away from them

    逃避它們

  • You'll have plenty of everyday basic

    你將擁有許多每日的基本

  • conversations with things like "how you

    對話,內容像是「妳近來如何?」

  • doing?" and "what's your day been like?" and

    「你今天過得如何?」

  • "what's the weather like?" and "what's your

    「今天天氣怎樣?」、「你的名字

  • name?" and "where are you from?" You need to

    是什麼?」,「你來自哪裡?」等等。你需要去

  • step up and get out of that kind of

    提升你的水平,並走出你的

  • comfort zone and going to questions

    舒適圈,然後開始去討論

  • there are a little bit trickier. To me it

    有一點難處理的問題。對我來說

  • was talking about things that I knew

    是去講一些我可以用

  • really well in Portuguese but I wasn't

    葡萄牙文高談闊論的事情,但我不太

  • confident I knew enough of my vocabulary

    有自信自己的字彙夠不夠能用英文來討論

  • in English. Things like talking about law,

    像跟法律有關的

  • which is my background and talking about

    也就是我的背景,或是

  • politics and something that I'm really

    政治,和一些我真的

  • interested in. I used to shy away from

    很有興趣的事。我以前會躲避

  • those conversations, because I thought my

    這類談話,因為我認為我的

  • level of English wasn't good enough to

    英文程度沒有好到可以去

  • carry on a conversation on that topic.

    談論這類主題

  • But now I find that if I just push

    但現在我發現只要我激勵

  • myself and I fight... just dive into the

    自己,然後不要想太多地去投入

  • deep end and ask a question on that

    更深的對話,問一些問題

  • topic, and just see how I go, that, I feel

    關於那個主題,然後看看我是怎麼表現的,我覺得

  • a lot more confident. I know that i've

    更多地自信。我知道我

  • already had seven years living in the UK,

    在英國已經住了7年

  • which has obviously boosted my

    很明顯地這增強了我的

  • confidence a lot, and boosted my fluency

    自信心,也加強了我的流利度

  • a lot, but I'm giving tips based on the

    但我給出的這些秘訣是基於

  • the things that I think helped me the

    一些我認為最能幫助我

  • most to feel confident. My next tip is

    感到自信的部分。我的下一個祕訣是

  • to pay a great deal of attention to the

    投入很多的專注力在

  • questions that you're being asked,

    你被問的問題上

  • because often the answers to these

    因為通常這些問題的答案

  • questions will be in the questions themselves.

    就是問題本身

  • If you're talking to someone

    如果你跟某個人

  • for the first time and they're asking

    第一次說話的時候,他們問

  • your questions about yourself, about your

    你一些關於你的問題,關於你的

  • work about general things,

    工作,或一些事情

  • and you're kind of like having a mild panic attack,

    你會覺得有些輕微的恐慌

  • because you're thinking, "oh my god what

    因為你在想著,天啊

  • if i don't know the answer to what

    如果我不知道他們問我問題的答案怎麼辦

  • they're asking me, especially if it's

    尤其如果是在

  • something important like a job interview

    一些重要的事情像是工作面試

  • Just a really great attention to the

    其實就是要非常專注在

  • questions, and you'll be able to find

    那些問題,然後你就可以去找到

  • usually a little bit of the answer or a

    通常是跟答案有點相近或

  • clue of what the answer is with within

    跟答案有關的線索在問題裡面

  • the question. And to keep this short and

    為了讓這個影片簡單明瞭

  • sweet, I'm going to move onto my last tip,

    接著講到最後一個祕訣

  • because i don't want to bore you any longer,

    因為我不想讓大家覺得無聊

  • this video is going to be too long otherwise.

    否則這個影片可能會時間太長

  • And so my last tip is to

    所以我的最後秘訣是

  • not worry too much about grammar, and

    不要太在意你的文法,然後

  • I've touched on this probably on all of

    這個重點我在過去我所有的

  • my previous English tips videos, because

    英文教學影片中都有題到,因為

  • I think it

    我認為這

  • so important to remind ourselves as

    是很重要的,去提醒我們自己,作為

  • students of english as a foreign

    一個學習英語的外國人

  • language, that grammar is important for

    文法非常重要

  • building up your vocabulary, for building

    可以累積你的字彙,也可以建立

  • up your language in your head but

    你腦中的外語知識,但是

  • grammar is not the most important thing

    文法並不是最重要的

  • of a conversation in English. I think a

    當你在用英文對話的時候。我認為

  • good understanding good listening skills

    有好的理解力、好的聽力技巧

  • good pronunciation, all of these things

    好的發音,這些都跟

  • go hand in hand with grammar. If you get

    文法息息相關。當你

  • too stuck on your grammar and wanting to

    太過專注在文法上面,並想去

  • get every single sentence perfectly,

    讓每個句子變得很完美

  • you're not going to flow in a

    那你永遠無法很流暢地

  • conversation. You're going to doubt

    用英文溝通。你會時常懷疑

  • yourself a lot, you're going to think

    你自己,你會想到

  • that people are not understanding you

    人們無法理解你的英文

  • because you kind of like misplaced or

    只因為你有點錯置字詞或

  • mispronounced something. I still

    讀錯發音。我依舊會

  • struggled a lot with the in on at, and

    搞不太清楚 in, on, at 的用法,並且

  • make a lot of mistakes when it comes to

    犯許多的錯誤。當要用到

  • these three.

    這三個字時

  • It's just a block on my brain that

    這是我腦袋裡的一個阻礙

  • prevents me from learning. They used to

    阻饒我的學習。這幾個字以前

  • kind of like give myself such a hard

    常常給我許多的苦頭

  • time for not knowing those three

    因為不知道如何把這幾個字用得

  • perfectly

    完美

  • Nowadays, I know I've probably made about

    到目前為止我大概犯了

  • 20 mistakes in this video with regards

    20 個錯誤在這個影片中,有關

  • to in on and at, and with regards to other

    in, on 和 at,或者是其他

  • things as well, but I'm sure that the

    文法錯誤,但我確信

  • majority of you have been able to

    大部分的人可以

  • understand me, and even thought that I

    聽懂我所表達的,甚至覺得我的

  • have a good level of English, even though

    英文程度不錯,雖然

  • I know I made those mistakes.

    我知道我會犯這些錯誤

  • So don't get stuck on your grammar thinking that

    所以不要陷在文法裏頭

  • that is the most important or the one

    把它看成是最重要的或者是

  • thing that you've got to get right in.

    你一定要把它用的很準確

  • Most everyday situations you're not

    大部分你每天會碰到的情況,不會

  • going to need perfect grammar to feel

    需要用到完美的文法,你就可以覺得

  • confident and be understood in English

    很有自信,而且別人也可以理解你的英文

  • So that wraps up my tips on building up

    所以那就總結了我去建立

  • your confidence and speaking English as

    講英文的自信的秘訣啦

  • a foreign language. I hope this video was

    希望這支影片可以

  • helpful to you, and if it was make sure

    對你們有幫助,並且記得

  • to give this video a thumbs up so that I

    給這支影片一個讚,這樣我

  • know you guys have found in these videos

    才知道大家從這些影片裡

  • helpful. And don't forget to subscribe to

    獲得幫助。而且別忘了訂閱

  • my channel so that you don't miss my

    我的頻道,這樣才不會錯過我

  • future videos. And if you have any tips,

    未來發布的影片。如果你們有任何的訣竅

  • or suggestions of topics that you would

    或關於主題的建議