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  • Hi again. Welcome back to I'm Adam. Nice to be here again. Today's lesson


  • is going to be very short and sweet, but to the point. Some of you have asked me about


  • this word: "get" -- because "get" has many different uses and some of you are a little


  • bit confused by how it's used with past participle and some other words very specifically.


  • So I'm not going to explain all the meanings of "get" today, I'm just going to focus on


  • two uses of "get". But if you want more explanation and other uses, please check your dictionary


  • because there are many ways to use the word "get".


  • Today's issue is specifically the past participle. So again, different ways of using the past participle:


  • "punished", so "to punish", past tense: "punished", past participle: "punished".

    「punished(處罰)」,「to punish」的過去式是「punished」,過去分詞是「punished」

  • "Hit", also irregular verb but it's "hit", past is "hit", past participle: "hit".


  • "Beat", "to beat", "beat", "beaten". And again, "ed", regular verbs. So let's start with this:

    「Beat」,「to beat」,過去式是「beat」,過去分詞是「beaten」。跟剛剛一樣的「ed」,代表規則動詞

  • what does it mean to get punished, to get hit, get beaten, get awarded when we use "get" with a past participle in this way?

    當「get」後面接過去分詞時,get punished、to get hit、get beaten、和get awarded是什麼意思呢?

  • Basically it means to be subjected to.


  • A simple way to understand this is basically to receive an action. Okay? So when somebody


  • gets punished, it means that someone else punishes them. It is used as a passive, but

    被處罰(gets punished)時,意思是有人處罰他們。這是一個被動型態(他們被怎麼樣),但是

  • many people use "get" instead of "be". The meaning is basically the same thing. "I did


  • something bad. I was punished.", "I did something bad. I got punished." The meaning is exactly

    了件壞事,所以我被處罰了(was punished)」、「我做了件壞事,所以我被處罰了(got punished)」。兩句意思是完全

  • the same. This of course will go to the past tense, in the past.

    一樣。這個當然是過去式,因為did something bad,所以是got punished

  • "I will get punished." Future: "will get". That goes, the "get" goes with a tense, the past participle stays what

    「我之後會被處罰」,未來式:「will get」。而「get」後面接的是過去分詞

  • it is because it is a passive voice. Now, you may ask me: why should I use "get" instead of "be"?


  • There's no reason. You can use either one. Okay? "I got hit by the ball accidentally",

    這沒有為什麼。兩個你都可以用。「我突然被球打到(got hit)」

  • means I received that action; the ball hit me. Again, same thing: "I was hit by a ball.",

    指的是我接受了一個動作;球打到我。一樣意思:「我被球打到(was hit)」

  • "The boy got beaten by his competitor.", "The boy was beaten by his competitor."

    「男孩被他的對手打倒(got beaten)」、「男孩被他的對手打倒(was beaten)」

  • Again, it's just a choice. "Get punished" versus "Be punished" is just more casual, "get".

    記得,這只是字的選擇。「Get punished」跟「Be punished」比起來只是比較隨性

  • "Get" is more casual than "be", more informal if you want to say it that way.


  • And again, with all of these. Now here, you're going to look at different verbs.


  • "Get started", okay? So we set up all the class, we're ready to start and I say:

    「Get started」,所以,當我們準備好上課的東西,要開始時,我會說:

  • "Okay, let's get started." What does that mean? It basically means to do.


  • So instead of saying "get started", I could say: "start". "Let's get started.", "Let's start." Exactly

    那如果我不用「get started」,我也可以說:「start(開始)」,「Let's get started.(我們開始吧!)」、「Let's start.(我們開始)」。全部意思都

  • the same way. Again, very informal way of saying it. I don't really know why it became this way.


  • Sometimes the English language, it changes, people start saying something,


  • other people start saying the same thing, it spreads and spreads, and of course, soon enough


  • everyone accepts it and it becomes a part of the language.


  • "Get going", okay? If we're going to be on time like we're making a plan to go for a trip.

    「Get going」,如果我們要在某個時間點完成某件事,像是我們在做旅行的計畫

  • So I say, "Okay, if we're going to be on time, we should get going." Basically means


  • we should go. It has more of a feeling of getting something, starting the action -- whatever


  • the action may be. Now here, you notice I have two adjectives.


  • "Get angry". When I drive a car - I'm a very calm person -, but when I drive, I get angry very quickly

    「Get angry」,我是一個非常沉穩的人;但是當我開車時,我非常容易生氣

  • because there're so many bad drivers around me. I'm the best driver in this city,


  • everybody else is a bad driver so I get very angry all the time. But,


  • the more I speak to you, the more hungry I get. I'm getting hungry right now just thinking about food.


  • What does this mean? This basically means "become". "I'm getting hungry" -- I'm

    這是什麼意思呢(get hungry)?指的是「become」、「我餓了(getting hungry)」-我

  • becoming hungry. "I got hungry last night so I went to eat a pizza." -- I became hungry

    餓了(becoming hungry)。「我昨天餓了(got hungry),所以我吃了塊披薩」。-我餓了(became hungry)

  • so I went to eat a pizza. Okay? Again, very, very informal, very casual. You usually wouldn't


  • see this too much in written English, but in spoken English you will hear these all the time.


  • It's very common, very accepted, very casual, very okay. Okay? So don't worry about using any of these.


  • Just understand that usually "get" replaces "be" and


  • here it replaces "become" or just we... Actually I'll give you another word here:


  • "colloquial", I hope I'm spelling this correctly. This is a "q", it's not a very


  • pretty "q" but... colloquial language means language of the people; street language. So


  • colloquial language uses all kinds of slang. It used to be slang, then it became accepted by many people,


  • then we start calling it "colloquial language". So it's okay; don't write with it so much.


  • But, if you want to see more examples of sentences using both of these or all of these -


  • excuse me -, I should say all of these types of sentences,


  • go to There's a quiz there you can fill out. And also, don't forget to

    可以到 。那邊有小測驗你可以試試看。同時,也不要忘記

  • subscribe to my YouTube channel, and I'll see you again really soon. Bye.


Hi again. Welcome back to I'm Adam. Nice to be here again. Today's lesson


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A2 初級 中文 處罰 過去式 用語 動詞 打到 接受

英文文法:活用GET (Basic English Vocabulary - GET)

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