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  • Flattery has a bad name. It’s associated with saying something upbeat but untrue in

    諂媚有個壞名聲。諂媚就是為了達到膚淺的個人利益,說一些樂觀卻不真實的話語,

  • order to hoodwink its unsuspecting target for low personal gain. In Aesop's famous

    來蒙騙未察的諂媚對象。在有名的伊索寓言「狐狸與烏鴉」中,

  • fable, The Fox and the Crow, an ugly crow has found a piece of cheese and retired to

    醜烏鴉找到了一塊起司,飛回到樹枝上享用它

  • a branch to eat it. A sly fox, wanting it for himself, flatters the crow, calling it

    一隻狡猾的狐狸,為了得到這塊起司,諂媚了烏鴉,

  • beautiful and wondering whether its voice will be as sweet as its appearance. The crow

    說牠很漂亮,而且很好奇牠的聲音是不是也和牠的外表一樣甜美

  • lets out a horrific screeching sound and the cheese drops straight into the fox’s gaping

    烏鴉發出了可怕的尖銳叫聲,起司也直接落進狐狸張得開開的下顎,像是早就在嘲諷烏鴉一樣

  • expectant mocking jaw. But there’s another form of flattery with more valuable and ethical

    但是諂媚有另一個更可貴、更有道德野心的形式

  • ambitions. Parents of small children invariably discover its useswhich deserve to be

    小孩的父母親常常發現它的用途,這件事也值得被更多人知道

  • better known and practiced around all age groups. Let’s imagine that a child isn’t

    並且運用在各個年齡層,讓我們想像一個小孩

  • yet entirely kind to their brother, or good at drawing, or a perfect cook or helpful around

    還沒有好好對待兄弟,或者還不擅長畫畫,或者在家裡還不是個完美的廚師,又或者不是很有用處

  • the housebut the parent declares that they are so as to encourage and make more

    但是他的父母聲稱,他們都是如此會畫畫、煮飯等等,這樣才可以去鼓勵孩子,

  • concrete what is as yet only tentative and fragile in their ambivalent nature. The child

    使得對未來還是猶豫不決又脆弱的他們可以定型

  • is being helped to end up as some of the things he or she has already been described as being. In

    這個孩子就這樣被幫助了,最終成為一些他早就已經被父母描述而成的樣子

  • 1956, the Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer was invited to create a new capital city for

    1956年,巴西的建築師Oscar Niemeyer,受邀為國家建一座新的首都:巴西利亞

  • his nation: Brasilia. Brazil is a country of frenetic economic activity, of rainforest

    巴西是一個充滿經濟活動、雨林、亞馬遜村落、貧民窟、足球、沙灘

  • and Amazonian villages, favelas, soccer, beaches and intense disagreement about political priorities

    以及對擁有政治特權者有強烈不滿的國家

  • none of which is apparent from contemplation of the beautiful, serene, futuristic rational

    那些特質都和美麗、寧靜、未來主義感充斥的理性巴西利亞建築概念無關

  • architecture of Brasilia. One day, the buildings propose, Brazil will be a place where rationality

    有一天,建築群提出來,巴西會是一個充滿無比理性的地方

  • is powerful; where order and harmony reign; where elegance is normal. There will be no

    會是一個秩序和和諧統治的地方;會是一個視優雅為理所當然的地方

  • more corruption or chaos. In offices, efficient secretaries will type up judicious briefing

    也不會再有貪汙或混亂。在辦公室裏面,有效率的秘書將敲打出思緒清晰又簡明的筆記

  • notes; the filing systems will be perfectnothing will get lost, overlooked, neglected

    檔案系統將會是完美的系統-沒有東西會遺失、放任不管、忽略或放錯地方

  • or mislaid; negotiations will take place in an atmosphere of impersonal wisdom. The country

    爭論都會在一個充滿超脫個人的學識氛圍中進行

  • will be perfectly managed. Oscar Niemeyer’s capital is an essay in flattery. It hints

    國家將會被管理到滴水不漏。Oscar Niemeyer的首都是一個諂媚的短文

  • that certain desirable qualities which are as yet only very latent in Brazil could one day be central

    文章中暗示著某種渴望的品質,雖然這個品質還沒成形

  • to the country and its governing class. Shortly after the capital buildings were completed,

    但總有一天會是這個國家、統治階層的中心思想,首都建築群完工後不久

  • a journalist asked Niemeyer why he had designed a capital that was so dramatically unlike

    一個記者問Niemeyer,為什麼他設計了一個完全不像是這個國家想要呈現的樣貌的首都?

  • the country it was meant to represent. ‘It won’t be one day,’ said Niemeyerwith

    Niemeyer帶著一個歪歪的微笑說:「那是不可能會發生的事」

  • a wry smile. Brazilians continue to wait for that day. And the finest buildings of Brasilia continue

    巴西人繼續等待著那天到來。巴西利亞最好的建築也繼續鼓舞人心

  • to inspire. We need flattery because we so badly need to be guided to develop beyond

    我們需要諂媚,因為我們總是渴望被引導去發展我們現在還沒辦法勝任的事情

  • what we are right now. We need other people’s belief in us to bolster our capacities for

    我們需要其他人對我們的信賴,才可以去支撐我們去改變、成長的空間

  • reform and growth. We need a chance to grow into the person we have flatteringly been

    我們需要一個機會,才可以去成為一個我們因諂媚而被描述而成的樣子

  • described as already being. Consider a painting by Velázquez, The Surrender of Breda. There’s

    讓我們想想Velázquez的一個畫作「The Surrender of Breda」

  • been a battle between Spain and the Netherlands. Spain has won. The picture shows the Spanish

    這曾是西班牙和荷蘭之間的戰爭。西班牙打贏了。

  • general, Spinola receiving the key to the city of Breda from the representative of the

    畫作呈現了西班牙將軍Spinola,從戰敗的荷蘭軍隊代表Justin of Nassau手上,接收了Breda城市的鑰匙

  • defeated Dutch forces, Justin of Nassau. What’s striking is how cordial everything is. Historians

    這張畫作醒目的地方是,每件事情都如此誠懇

  • report that both sides behaved extremely well. There was no recrimination or wanton bloodshed.

    歷史學家說明,兩方陣營都表現得極好。畫中沒有責罵和流血衝突

  • The painting is a memorial to unusually noble conduct. But it’s not a comprehensive or

    這張畫作是一個罕見高尚舉止的紀念。但是它對於戰爭和突圍並不是一個令人理解或準確的紀錄

  • accurate account of war or sieges; just as Brasilia is not a completely accurate presentation

    就像是巴西利亞並不全然是一個對巴西而言準確的呈現一樣

  • of what Brazil is like. Instead, each of these works presents an ideal in the hope of generating

    取而代之的是,每個作品都呈現了一個理想,期望去實現後續的真實

  • a subsequent reality. We should learn to be gentler on flattery and the energy it can

    我們應該學會更溫和地看待諂媚,以及它可以給我們的能量,

  • lend us to move towards greater generosity, intelligence and wisdom. We should use its

    使我們可以朝向更偉大的寬容、聰明、智慧前進。我們應該利用它

  • benign power in order to bring about a world where well more often be able simply to

    好的方面的力量,才可以創造一個使我們可以更常輕易誇讚他人的世界

  • praise one another, and no longer merely just to flatter.

    而不再僅僅是諂媚他人

  • We believe in making the world a more emotionally intelligent place

    我們相信可以使世界成為一個情感更為理性的地方

  • and to that end we have now also published some extraordinary books.

    而為了完成這個目的,我們同時發行了一些特別的書籍

  • As well as other merchandise that reinforces some of the other themes illustrated in our videos.

    就如同其他產品一般,都是強調其他在我們影片中所說明的主題

  • Please click on the link below to see more.

    請點擊下方連結做詳細觀看

Flattery has a bad name. It’s associated with saying something upbeat but untrue in

諂媚有個壞名聲。諂媚就是為了達到膚淺的個人利益,說一些樂觀卻不真實的話語,

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阿諛諂媚,其實很重要? (The Importance of Flattery)

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    韓澐 發佈於 2017 年 07 月 10 日
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