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  • When is the rubber band smaller? When it expands or when it contracts? I think when it expands.

  • Yeah, what do you think when is it smaller? When it expands or when it contracts? Do you

  • want to find out, then join me in this lesson because in this lesson we are learning contractions

  • in English. Come let's go.

  • So what are are English contractions? In English contractions are made by two words joining

  • them together, bringing them smaller into one word. Yes, that's what contractions are.

  • So let's start with the first one her. I'll read both of these sentences for you. She

  • will be here at 8. She'll be here at 8. Which sentence do you think sounds more natural.

  • This one Not really, I think this sentence sounds more natural. I'll speak it again fir

  • you, she'll be here at 8. But why? Because you'll often hear native speakers use these

  • contractions while they are talking. So do you also want to learn them? Let's look at

  • the next one. He is, try building into a contraction. He's or h'es which one do you think is correct?

  • I think this one is correct because you always put the apostrophe at the same place from

  • where you remove the letter. If you out the apostrophe here, it's pronounced as hies,

  • which is wrong and this is the correct word for which we will pronounce it as he's and

  • not hies. So your stress will be on the e. He's and what of you pronounce it as this,

  • his, will it be correct? No, it won't be correct. So the first rule that we have is, you always

  • put the apostrophe in place of the letter that you remove. Now let's again look at this

  • example. Let's say i remove this apostrophe, what's this word now? It's shell, is that

  • the word we want? No that's not the word we want. So the second thing that you must remember

  • while making contractions is you have to put the apostrophe and you should put it at the

  • correct place, at the place of the letter that you remove. Let's come here now. What's

  • this, she's a really nice person and she's helped me a lot. We are pronouncing it the

  • same way but do you think they are the same contractions? No. I'll show you what they

  • really are. She is a really nice person. Yes she is a really nice person. Here we are using

  • the present simple tense and this is a contraction for she and is. Let's look at the next one.

  • She's helped me a lot. We are pronouncing it the same way, but do you think it is same

  • as she is. No, this is she has helped me a lot and which tense is this. This is present

  • perfect tense. So you do you realize there is such a big grammatical difference with

  • the same contraction. The meaning changes but the pronunciation remains the same. Let's

  • look at another example. Try guessing the pronunciation for both of them and also the

  • meaning. Take a minute, pause the video and guess the meaning of each of these contractions.

  • I'll be right back. Welcome back, I hope you have done it by now. Let's look at this one.

  • He’d just come back. I'll reveal it to you. This is he had just come back and which tense

  • is this. This is past perfect tense. Let's look at the next one. He'd call if there was

  • something wrong. What about this one? He'd the pronunciation is the same but is the meaning

  • also same? No...This one is he would call and what is would, can you relate it to any

  • tense. No it's not a part of the tenses, it's a part of modals in English, yes. A modal

  • of possibility. We'll talk about that in other lessons. Let’s come back here now. Just

  • to remind you please be very careful about these contractions. If you make theses mistakes,

  • it's a big blunder. So find out which contraction means what. Sometimes they can have the same

  • pronunciation, same spelling, but the meaning can be entirely different. Now I'm going to

  • tell you how to use contractions in a sentence. So let's try to build contractions for that

  • is. Where do you think we should remove the letter and should put the apostrophe? I’ll

  • show you, we pronounce it as that’s but always with an apostrophe. Here because we

  • are removing the sound of i. So let's say you were having a pizza and there was one

  • slice which was left over. So how will you talk about that slice. You could say that's

  • an extra slice of pizza, that's how you can use it. Let's look at the next one, is not.

  • For this the contraction will be isn't. Yes isn't, is this a positive contraction? No,

  • it is a negative contraction. And how can we use it in a sentence? I'll give you an

  • example if a question, how can use a negative contraction in a question? So let's say you

  • were on a walk in the park and there comes this cute little dog wagging his tail coming

  • and licking your feet. If you see that dog what will you say, isn’t that a cute dog?

  • That's how you can use his contraction in a question. Let's look at the next one. Where

  • do you think we will put the apostrophe, it will be, we'll pronounce it as, don't, okay.

  • But we'll surely have an apostrophe. If we don’t have any apostrophe, then your word

  • goes absolutely wrong, in terms of spelling. So don't forget to add an apostrophe. Whenever

  • somebody disturbs me, I always reply, don't disturb me and I'm sure that's your reply

  • too. So that’s where you could use this. Let's look at the next one, you will, this

  • will be pronounced as you'll, you'll. Yes this one will be pronounced as you'll, but

  • where should be the apostrophe? Because we are removing the sound of W, we'll put the

  • apostrophe here. You'll. So will you enjoy my next lesson. Of course you'll enjoy my

  • next lesson for sure. Let's look at the next one. I'm so you actually pronounce it, as

  • if it's I'm. I and M together, I'm without an a. So where should we have an apostrophe?

  • Right here. I'm. When you are thirsty or when you want to drink water, what do you say?

  • I’m very thirsty. With this we have learnt the placed where we should use contractions

  • and two important rules. Remember where you should put an apostrophe and never forget

  • an apostrophe, if you don't want she'll to become shell. And also be very careful about

  • she is, she has which are actually pronounced as she's. He had and he would which are also

  • pronounced and written as he'd.

  • I hope you really enjoyed this lesson. I'll come back to you again with another lesson

  • on pronunciation. Till then you take care and keep learning, bye.

When is the rubber band smaller? When it expands or when it contracts? I think when it expands.

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收縮詞 - 發音自然,像母語人士一樣說英語 - 英語發音課程。 (Contractions - Sound Natural & Speak English like Native Speaker – English pronunciation lesson.)

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    蔡育德 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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