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  • Hello there!

  • This is the Sounds American channel!

  • In this video well compare two consonant sounds:

  • /r/ and /l/,

  • as in the wordsprayandplay”.

  • In our previous videos, we learned how to make them.

  • Remember the videos for the /r/ sound,

  • as in the wordrun

  • and the /l/ sound,

  • as in the wordlet”?

  • The /r/ and the /l/ may not sound similar,

  • but they have some things in common.

  • Both of them are made with air passing through the mouth

  • around the sides of the tongue

  • like a liquid.

  • This is why theyre called theliquidconsonants.

  • Foreign speakers who don’t have these sounds in their native language

  • often can’t distinguish between the /r/ and the /l/

  • and may involuntarily distort or swap them in words.

  • A great way to practice the pronunciation of these two sounds

  • is to practice them in contrasting word pairs.

  • Before we begin,

  • let’s check how well you can differentiate between the /r/ and the /l/ sounds.

  • Youll see a pair of words on the screen and hear only one of them pronounced.

  • For example,

  • “p*ay”.

  • Can you guess what word you heard?

  • Let’s try a few more word pairs.

  • How did you do?

  • Don’t get discouraged if you didn’t get all the words right.

  • Youll improve after doing some pronunciation exercises

  • in a just minute.

  • Here are two key distinctions between the /r/ and the /l/:

  • First,

  • look at the position of the tip of the tongue.

  • For the /r/ sound,

  • the tip of the tongue is raised toward the alveolar ridge,

  • but it doesn’t touch it.

  • For the /l/ sound,

  • the tip of the tongue touches the alveolar ridge

  • behind your upper front teeth.

  • Second.

  • Look at the blade of the tongue:

  • For the /r/ sound,

  • the middle of the tongue is lowered,

  • and the back of the tongue is raised.

  • For the /l/ sound,

  • the back of the tongue is lowered.

  • Let’s pronounce these sounds one after the other:

  • /r/ - /l/

  • /r/ - /l/

  • /r/ - /l/

  • Now that youve reviewed how to make these consonants,

  • let’s practice pronouncing these sounds in some words.

  • This is the most important part of your training,

  • so try to go through as many words as possible.

  • Youll see a word on the screen and hear its pronunciation.

  • After that youll have a few seconds to pronounce the word.

  • Repeat each word after the speaker,

  • the first word will have the /r/ consonant sound,

  • and the second will have the /l/ consonant sound.

  • Let’s begin!

  • Youre done!

  • Congratulations!

  • To check how much youve improved, you can do the word pairs test again.

  • Click this link to go back and compare the results.

  • Youve just practiced two essential American sounds.

  • Once you get confident pronouncing them,

  • youll be able to take the next steps towards improving your American accent.

  • You can start working on the r-colored vowels,

  • which are quite hard to make

  • without first learning to pronounce the American /r/ consonant sound.

  • Youll also find it easier to master the dark /l/,

  • which is a variation of the /l/ consonant sound

  • that you practiced in this video.

  • Thanks for watching!

  • Let us know what you think in the comments!

  • Don't forget to subscribe to the Sounds American channel!

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B1 中級 美國腔

祈禱還是玩耍?雨還是巷?美式英語發音 (Pray or Play? Rain or Lane? American English Pronunciation)

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    pipus 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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