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  • This is the VHS for "An Extremely Goofy Movie".


  • It's the follow-up to the cult classic A Goofy Movie and it's one of my favorite animated films.


  • Now, there's a moment in this movie where Bobby Zimmeruski, Max's stoner friend

    好,電影裡有一幕是 Bobby Zimmeruski,麥斯的好朋友

  • You know, the one that chugs Cheese Whiz?


  • He says, "Do you ever wonder why we're always like... wearing gloves?”


  • That's a damn good question, Bobby! Let's figure this out.


  • Does the question, "Why do Animated characters wear gloves?", come up a lot for you?


  • John: The question rarely comes up, but when it does, there are a number of answers to it.


  • That's John Canemaker, he's an animation historian and professor at NYU.

    他是 John Canemaker,紐約大學的動畫史學者和教授

  • The most basic theory is that gloves saved time.


  • John: Animation of any kind, even with computers, is a very work-intensive or labor intensive process.


  • "Pardon me. I've always wondered how they were made."


  • At the dawn of animation, everything was hand-drawn over and over and over again.


  • And certain techniques to make the process more efficient shaped the style of the cartoons.


  • John: Felix the Cat, for example, was a very boxy-looking character.


  • As Felix was becoming more popular, the animator Bill Nolan decided to remove his snout and make him more circular overall.

    隨著菲力貓越來越受歡迎,動畫師 Bill Nolan 決定擦去他的鼻子,讓他整體看起來更圓滑

  • John: And that designwhat they call "the rubber hose and circle design",


  • very spaghetti-like arms of the characters, proceed to the design of Mickey Mouse as well.


  • This rubber hose and circle aesthetic allowed animators to quickly draw arms, legs, and hands


  • without spending too much time developing realistic details of the character's bodylike elbows and knees.

    而不需花太多時間來了解角色身體的實際細節—— 像是手肘和膝蓋

  • A round edge was much faster to draw than an angle, and that certainly applied to hands, with all those fingers and knuckles.


  • But hands posed another a problem for animators in the age of fuzzy black and white film.


  • John: Characters were in black and white films difficult to see against their black bodies.


  • Take a look at Mickey Mouse. In 1927's "Plane Crazy" he had black hands and feet, just like Felix.

    來看一下米老鼠,在 1927 年的「飛機迷」他的手腳都是黑的,就像菲力貓

  • He gained shoes by 1928's Steamboat Willie, and in 1929 he's wearing gloves in "The Opry House".

    1928 年的「蒸氣船威利」他多了雙鞋子,1929 年「The Opry House」他戴上了手套

  • The rubber hose style of animation is in full effect here. Every character is exaggerated, round, and simple.


  • And like many of the glove-wearing cartoon characters of his time,


  • Mickey Mouse is a non-human doing very human things.


  • In his 1968 biography, "The Disney Version",

    在他 1968 年的傳記「The Disney Version」中

  • Walt Disney addresses this very issue.


  • He says, "We didn't want him to have mouse hands,


  • because he was supposed to be more human. So we gave him gloves.”


  • So in addition to saving time and providing color contrast, gloves bring non-human things to life, making their grand gestures stand out.


  • These 1935 tea kettles from Van Beuren Studio have them. This movie camera does too.

    1935 年范.布勞恩工作室的茶壺戴著手套。這臺電影攝影機也有

  • When Pinocchio is a puppet, he wears gloves. But when he becomes a boy, they disappear. They're no longer needed.


  • But there's another, less practical influence behind cartoon characters' white gloves.


  • The Opry House is a film about Mickey putting on a big vaudeville show.

    「The Opry House」是一部講述米老鼠演出雜耍秀的電影

  • That film and many of the animations that predated it were inextricably linked to vaudeville performance and the blackface minstrel shows of the time.


  • In fact, early animators often performed on vaudeville stages.

    都無可避免的與當時的雜耍表演和黑臉秀 (吟遊詩人) 連結

  • Nicholas Sammond writes in Birth of An Industry that early animated characters like


  • Felix the Cat, Bimbo, Bosko, and Mickey Mouse "weren't just like Minstrels, they were Minstrels."

    Nicholas Sammond 在「Birth of An Industry」中寫到,早期動畫角色像是

  • Both the cartoons and the stage characters were portrayed as mischievous and rebellious yet good natured.


  • They wore loose clothes, had painted faces, andthey wore white gloves.


  • In the 1930s vaudeville and blackface minstrelsy declined. White gloves were no longer associated with vaudeville to a new generation of viewers.


  • Instead, they were just part of the cartoon style people came to expect.

    在 1930 年代雜耍和吟遊詩人逐漸沒落。對新一代的觀眾而言,白手套不再與雜耍連結

  • John: There's also The Band Concert, do you know that film?


  • It's from 1935.


  • John: One of the characters is Clarabelle Cow and she plays the flute

    它是 1935 的片子

  • and her glove gets stuck in the flute [chuckles] so, really strange without the glove on it.


  • Sixty years later Goofy takes off his gloves before getting in a pool and it's frankly, really disturbing.

    結果她的手套卡在笛子裡 (笑),所以不戴手套真的很奇怪

  • Now what's really bothering me is why Daffy Duck and many other animated birds don't wear gloves.

    60 年後高飛進游泳池之前拿下手套,真的非常讓人不舒服

  • We might never know.


  • Daffy: Look, let's not split hairs. Why do you even wear gloves?


  • Bugs Bunny: Because, I've always worn them. It's who I am. Why do you wear that thing around your neck?


  • Touché Bugs Bunny. Touché.


This is the VHS for "An Extremely Goofy Movie".


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B2 中高級 中文 美國腔 Vox 手套 動畫 角色 米老鼠 卡通

有沒有想過...為什麼很多卡通人物都戴手套? (Why cartoon characters wear gloves)

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    韓澐 發佈於 2017 年 03 月 22 日