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Hello and welcome to this beginner's guide series to graphic design.
From what graphic design is, skills to be a graphic designer, design theory, education you need, equipment you need, to the graphic design portfolio and interview advice.
This series is for anyone at any level
so if you're interested in graphic design and considering becoming a graphic designer
join me as I discuss series of graphic design topics.
So the graphic part of graphic design is made up of visual elements
the building blocks of design, through the harness of artistic expression we choose these
visual elements and arrange them on a surface in a layout to convey an idea
the basic visual elements that combine to create graphic design include the following:
Line, colour, shape, texture, space, form and typography.
Whatever work you produce be it for a magazine a poster a website or advertisement these visual
elements will play a part in your design.
in this video I'm going to discuss the first key visual element and discuss
'Line' as a visual element in graphic design.
In this video I will also be referring to some visual diagrams
if you wish to follow along you can download the PDF document that
accompanies this series, link is in the description. So one of the most basic
visual elements of design is the line and it should not be underestimated as
simple as lines are they can be quite versatile and be used as crucial
elements of design. Lines can be straight, curved, thick, thin, solid or dashed.
Lines can be used to add structure to a composition t0 frame information and to
divide information. Used consideratly lines can add elegance to a composition
at hierarchy and draw the eye to a specific point.
With type lines can be used to emphasise and put stress on a word a phrase or paragraph.
Lines can be used to decorate, illustrate and represent information in inforgraphics
If we think about magazines, newspapers and maps
one of the most common visual elements is the line as it works very
well to structure information.
Here are some simple horizontal lines, here we have some strokes in various
sizes and below some alternatives. A line can be made of more than a single stroke
it can be made with many individual strokes and even dots. So here are some
simple examples of how lines may be used in design. For the sake of simplicity and
to focus on the structure
I have composed these examples in black and white
if you want to take a closer look at these you can find them in the
downloadable PDF, link is in the description. So the first example is
where line plays a role of building infographics
this is a simple tree diagram made of lines in different shades. If we zoom
into the visual icons they are also lines as illustrations
so overall a simple visual with another line below as an anchor point for the associated information.
Next is an example in typography.
Here lines are used to divide and draw emphasis to a particular word.
Next is an example where lines are used to create a border. In this example there
are two stroke lines that create this border a thin and a thick. The type of
stroke lines you use in relationship to other elements can define a look and
feel to your composition. In this case we have a boutique feel.
Notice here we also have a line that elegantly divides the type.
So next is an example where lines are used to predominantly structure a composition.
but at the same time decorate. This is a simple chapter index page
here we have a large dark line running vertically down the page and
smaller lines running horizontally across the page. The horizontal lines are
passing through the vertical and inverting in colour as they do so
creating a lose grid for the type element to exist.
You can see here where the lines are defining and positioning the type elements.
Next is an example where lines can be used for structure and decoration in a
minimal elegant way. Here lines make up the board elements that frame a quote
and a line is drawn vertically aligned left creating a base to carry the paragraph next to it.
These lines though in black and white could be used to add a bit of colour onto the page as well as structure.
So next is a general example of how lines can divide information.
Now newspapers can be very complex and busy media platforms with a lot of information being presented at any time.
Here we can see were lines play a role to divide and decorate information.
At the top we have lines to separate that section from the article section below.
In this section we also have small lines, details used to decorate.
Now a line does not necessarily have to be a solid stroke a line can be created
by contrast of colour or shape on a page.
In the article below we have a big picture. Now even though there is no particular stroke applied
the solid colour fill of the image creates a line around it.
Below this we have the main body of text, in this we have an infographic made with
lines and lines that break information out such as diagrams, quotes and footers
So the last example shows lines creating decoration, texture and structure on a page
in this example there are various types of lines going on here
first we can see the physical line used to create decoration with various stroke effects applied.
In this instance the lines also create another white line
through the middle of the page as negative space. Here we have three
columns of type where the third column is breaking alignment to fit in the
space creating an interesting and dynamic layout.
So there are lots of ways line can be used in design.
These are just a few examples. So when looking at graphic design
be sure to observe how line has been considered and used as a design element.
So that is the first visual element in graphic design.
Well I hope you enjoy this video, if you did hit the like button on my facebook page.
If you would like to see more videos like this in future hit the subscribe button
and you can also follow me on twitter at TastyTuts.
So the next key visual element is 'colour'. In the next video I'm going to talk
about a colour as a visual element in graphic design.
See you in the next video!
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平面設計師的入門指引 (Ep2/45 [Beginners guide to Graphic Design])

257 分類 收藏
Leo Guan 發佈於 2017 年 1 月 17 日
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