字幕列表 影片播放 已審核 字幕已審核 列印所有字幕 列印翻譯字幕 列印英文字幕 I can't think of anymore human activity 我想不出任何人類活動 than conducting science experiments. 比做科學實驗來多 That's what we do as human beings. 這正是我們身為人類所做的事 and we do that more thoroughly and better than any other species on earth that we have yet encountered. 而目前為止, 我們做的比地球上任何物種還徹底 We explore our environment more than we are compelled to utter poetry when we're toddlers 當我們是嬰兒時, 我們探索我們的周遭環境比被迫讀詩來的多 We start doing that later. 我們之後才開始讀書認字 Before that happens every child is a scientist. 在那之前, 每個孩子都是科學家 Think about it! What the kids do? 想想看, 小孩子會怎麼做? Young kids, kids they can barely walk, what are they doing? 幼兒幾乎不會走路, 那他們做什麼呢? They are exploring their environment through experimentation. 他們透過試驗來探索環境 I don't care about your economic background, I don't care what town you born in, what city, what country, 我不在乎你的經濟背景, 也不在呼你出生於哪個鄉鎮, 城市, 什麼國家 if you are a child you are curious about your environment, 只要你是個兒童, 你對你會對你的周遭環境感到好奇 you are overturning rocks 你將石頭翻過來 you are plucking leaves off a trees, and petals off a flowers, and looking inside, 你拔掉樹葉, 還有花的花瓣, 探究內部構造 and you are doing things create disorder in the lives of the adults around you. 你在大人的生活製造混亂的同時 And so then, what the adults do? 那大人會怎麼做呢? They say, "Don't pluck the petals of the flowers. I just spent money on that. 他們會說, 不要拔掉花的花瓣. 那可是要錢的 Don't play with the egg. It might break. Don't …" Everything is a don't. 不要玩雞蛋, 會破掉. 不要..... 什麼事都說不行做 I'm often asked by parents 家長常問我 what advice can I give them to help get kids interested in science? 我能給他們什麼建議來使小孩對科學產生興趣? And I have only one bit of advice. 我只能給個較不客氣的建議 Get out of their way! Kids are born curious. Period. 別阻擋他們的去路! 小孩子天生就有好奇心 We spend the first year teaching them to walk and talk 我們花了第一年教他們走路和說話 and the rest of their lives telling them to shut up and sit down. 然後叫他們往後的日子別多問, 乖乖坐好 So... you get out of their way. 所以.... 遠離他們對事物的好奇心 And you know what you do? You put things in their midst that help them explore. Help them explore. 你知道你在做什麼嗎? 你把東西好端端地放在他們面前來協助他們探索 Why don't you get a pair of binoculars, just leave it there one day? 你為何不拿個望遠鏡, 將它放在那一天? Watch them pick it up. And watch them look around. They'll do all kind of things with it. 看著他們拿起它然後看看四周. 他們會用這個望遠鏡做任何事 For me at age 11, I had a pair of binoculars and looked up to the moon, 我11歲時, 我有個望遠鏡, 我仰望著月亮, and the moon wasn't just bigger, it was better. 那時的月亮不只是更大而且更好 There were mountains and valleys and craters and shadows. And it came alive. 那裡有山, 有山谷, 以及火山口和影子. 而它們活躍了起來 I was transformed by picking up a pair of binoculars and looking up. 我就是當時拿起一副望遠鏡, 抬頭仰望而改變了我 And so when i think of science I think of a truly human activity. 所以當我想到自然科學, 我想起那貨真價實的環境探索 Something fundamental to our DNA. 有些建立基礎在我們DNA中 Something that drives curiosity. 有些則驅動著好奇心 They go together. The act of being curious and the act of wanting to do the experiment. 聚集在一起時, 有好奇的行為和可望做實驗的行動 When you conduct science it is the natural world that is the ultimate decider of what is true and what is not. 當你在進行科學研究, 最終理所當然由你來決定什麼是對的, 什麼是錯的. You have to create what it is that you do best 你必須去創造自己做得最好的部分 that layers onto the formal training that may be behind it. 在高於正式訓練層級之上 I think the greatest of people that have ever been in society, 我認為曾在社會裡的那些傑出人物 They were never versions of someone else. They were themselves. 他們不曾仿造他人, 他們獨出一格 It's the great tragedy - People employed in ways that don't fully tap everything they do best in life. 很可悲的是-人們在人生中被利用在事物的一小部份且非他們所擅長 And so... I think the greatest of people in society carved niches 所以我認為社會中那些靈魂人物被擺在適當的位置 that represented the unique expression of their combinations of talents, 而代表著他們各自獨特的綜合天賦表現 and if everyone had the luxury of expressing the unique combinations of talents in this world, 如果世界上每個人有著獨特少有的才能表現 our society would be transformed over night. 我們的社會將一夕間改變.