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  • For nearly as long as civilization has been fighting wars, it has been making peace.

    打從文明開始戰爭時,它就一直在在創造和平

  • One of the earliest recorded peace treaties was engraved into a stone wall more than three

    其中最原始的和平協議之一就是在三千多年前被鑲進石頭牆上用以

  • thousand years ago, ending a war between the Egyptians and the ancient Hittite Empire.

    促進埃及以己古老的赫梯帝國間的戰爭的和平條約。

  • Peace negotiations have always been ritualistic, although traditions have changed over time.

    和平協商總是以一種形式性的方式存在,儘管我們的傳統多年來已隨時間改變。

  • In the early middle ages, before literacy, many peace treaties were sealed with a kiss.

    在中世紀早期,在識字普及前,許多的和平條約的約定是以一個吻的形式代替。

  • Today, such agreements usually require signed documentation, a handshake and a neutral third

    在現今社會裡,類似的合同是需要雙方簽署,握手,以及中立

  • party.

    團體的認證。

  • Often this third party is the United Nations, but in many instances it’s Norway.

    通常,代表中立團體的是聯合國,但是在許多案例裡, 挪威代表了這第三方團體。

  • In fact since the end of the cold war, the Scandinavian country has recognized its engagement

    事實上,自從冷戰結束後,斯堪地那維亞國家官方數據指出其參與了

  • in ten peace processes.

    十項和平進程。

  • However experts say this figure could be as high as 20, as such arrangements are often

    然而,許多專家說這數據可能高達20件,但是相關的安排通常有

  • bound to secrecy.

    保密條件。

  • Most recently, Norway was instrumental in brokering peace between the government of

    最近, 挪威曾致力於促進

  • Colombia and the FARC rebel group, although the measure was ultimately rejected in a referendum.

    哥倫比亞以及哥倫比亞革命軍 (哥革武)之間的和平,雖然這項措施最終在全民投票中被拒絕

  • So, why Norway?

    為什麼是挪威呢?

  • Well, Norway has a long history as a so-calledpeace nation”.

    挪威作為所謂的「和平國家」有悠久的歷史。

  • The relatively young country emerged out of a non-violent secession with Sweden in 1905

    由1905年瑞典的非暴力分裂而成的許多較新興的國家

  • and has since focused its foreign policy on global leadership, conflict resolution and

    創國以來將其外交政策專注於全球領導,解決衝突和

  • promoting international human rights, rather than wars or colonization.

    促進國際人權,而不是戰爭或殖民化。

  • The Norwegian government was able to boost these initiatives in the late 20th century,

    挪威政府在20世紀後期能夠推動這些提案,

  • as the discovery of oil in the 1970’s made it one of the wealthiest countries in Europe.

    全歸於挪威在20世紀70年代的石油探勘使它成為歐洲最富有的國家之一。

  • By the end of the 1990’s, Norway was funding more than 20 NGOs in nearly 100 countries,

    截至1990年代末,挪威金援100個國家的20多個非政府組織,

  • and an estimated one percent of its population

    估計其人口的百分之一

  • was taking part in peacekeeping missions around the world.

    都曾參與在世界各國維持和平的任務。

  • Meanwhile, Norway cemented its role as a neutral intermediary in major international conflicts.

    同時,挪威鞏固了其作為主要國際衝突中立中介的角色。

  • Throughout the 1990’s, the country brokered peace deals in Europe, Central America, Africa

    在整個20世紀90年代,該國在各地持續促進和平協議,例如在歐洲,中美洲,非洲

  • and the Middle East, beginning with the Oslo Accords in 1993.

    和中東,以1993年的“奧斯陸協定”為首例

  • This was a series of meetings between Israel and Palestine,

    這是有關於推動以色列和巴勒斯坦之間和平的一系列會議

  • which had been in violent conflict for decades.

    以緩和在兩國中持續幾十年的戰爭

  • Norway was uniquely qualified to broker peace as it had friendly diplomatic relations with

    挪威是具有獨特資格的經濟和平,因為它有友好的外交關係

  • both Israeli and Palestinian leaders.

    以色列和巴勒斯坦領導人

  • The Oslo Accords was the first time Israel and Palestine formally recognized each other,

    奧斯陸協議是以色列和巴勒斯坦第一次正式相互認可,

  • and although the accords weren’t a peace treaty in a formal sense, they paved the way

    儘管這些協定在形式上不是一項和平條約,但是它們為了

  • for a final agreement to be signed in 1998.

    在1998年簽訂的最終協議而鋪路

  • However Norway’s role in these and other peace treaties is not without controversy.

    然而,挪威在這些和其他和平條約中的作用並不是沒有爭議。

  • For nearly 70 years Norway been a close ally to the US and other Western powers through

    近70年來,挪威通過加入北約,參加了所有主要軍事行動,

  • its membership to NATO, taking part in all of its major military operations.

    成為美國和其他西方列強的密切盟友。

  • This has led to many to question whether the country is truly an impartial mediator, as

    這導致許多人質疑該國是否真正是一個公正的調解人

  • it has made a commitment to defend NATO countries.

    它已承諾捍衛北約國家。

  • Although Norway’s impartiality has been called into question, the country still upholds

    雖然挪威的公正性受到質疑,但該國仍然堅持

  • its reputation as the world’s peace broker.

    其作為世界和平仲裁人的聲譽。

  • In fact, when discussing matters of diplomacy, many people reference the so-calledNorwegian

    事實上,在討論外交事務時,很多人都提到所謂的「挪威

  • model”, which combines facilitation of peace treaties with long term humanitarian aid.

    模式」,就是促進和平條約的同時結合提供長期人道主義援助。

  • Even the Nobel Peace Prize is awarded in Norway, after the winner is chosen by members of the

    甚至諾貝爾和平獎會在挪威頒獎當在贏家被

  • Norwegian parliament.

    挪威議會選中。

  • There’s no doubt Norway’s non-violent history, combined with its active role in

    理所當然,挪威的非暴力歷史,加上扮演積極的角色以

  • mediating conflicts, has cemented its identity as the world’s peace mediator.

    調解衝突,已經鞏固了其作為世界和平調解者的身份。

  • Norway plays an active role in the United Nations and NATO, and the country has one

    挪威在聯合國和北約發揮積極作用,該國在

  • of the fastest growing economies in Europe.

    歐洲的經濟體快速成長。

  • So how powerful is Norway?

    那麼挪威有多強大呢?

  • Find out in this video.

    此視頻會為大家解答

  • This is partially due to Norway being the largest per capita producer of oil outside

    大致上可說挪威是最大的石油生產國出了

  • the Middle East, accounting for roughly a quarter of the country's $4 billion GDP.

    中東以外,約佔國內生產總值40億美元的四分之一。

  • Thanks for watching Seeker Daily!

    感謝您觀看Seeker Daily!

  • Don’t forget to like and subscribe for new videos from us every day.

    不要忘記每天都幫我們按讚和訂閱我們的新影片。

For nearly as long as civilization has been fighting wars, it has been making peace.

打從文明開始戰爭時,它就一直在在創造和平

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 挪威 條約 北約 巴勒斯坦 協議 中立

北歐國家祕密商談世界和平問題 (The Nordic Country Secretly Negotiating World Peace)

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    Kristi Yang 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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