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  • hi,james from EngVid

  • Hi, James from EngVid.

  • Let me put this down for a second, because I want to start our lesson.

  • On phrasal verbs.

  • I'm going to teach you how to use the preposition

  • in order to understand the complete meaning of the phrasal verb.

  • Ready?

  • Let's go to the board.

  • E! What you're doing?

  • You're going down?

  • Down. That seems to be a direction.

  • And that's the direction we're heading.

  • You're ready?

  • There are two ways to teach phrasal verbs

  • both in my mind devalued

  • It's just up to you.

  • Some teachers prefer to teach you

  • you know, one phrasal verb like "turn up", "turn down", "turn on"

  • and use all of the verbs with the prepositions.

  • I prefer to reverse it.

  • Hmm.

  • Each is valued.

  • For me, this is sort of a shorthand.

  • If you understand

  • what the preposition means

  • is easier to put a verb with it

  • and visualize in my mind, then it is to teach each separate one

  • Each separate one has many meanings and can take a longer time to learn.

  • This way I think you can learn faster by yourself

  • because most of you are studying by yourself.

  • So

  • Are you ready? Let's go to the board.

  • This is sort of a mind map.

  • It's a little cheap one.

  • But it still gives you the idea.

  • We've spread out the ideas for "down".

  • There are phrasal verbs here.

  • But what I'm focusing more on

  • is the actual preposition.

  • So let's take a look at it.

  • "Down".

  • "Down" has essentially four meanings

  • One is a

  • downward movement

  • you know what that is, right?

  • To go down.

  • Another is a

  • decreasing motion.

  • Similar to "down".

  • I can go down the stairs.

  • Or down in an elevator.

  • But it doesn't mean I'm decreasing.

  • But if a price goes from one dollar to fifty cents

  • not only it has a move down, there's a decrease on how much you pay.

  • Ok?

  • Stopping.

  • You're probably thinking

  • "down" means

  • well, to go down

  • and decrease

  • but think about it: once you go to the very bottom, or you decrease to zero

  • it stops.

  • Right? There is no more movement to happen.

  • And finally

  • when you can no longer go anywhere it's now at the end, right?

  • So you stop the movement

  • and when you can go no more, you're ended.

  • So if you look at this,

  • they all make sense

  • They're just different ways of looking at it.

  • To go down

  • means a decrease,

  • which means you eventually stop

  • and you'll reach the end.

  • Why am I explaining this to you?

  • Because that's why we, as English speakers think.

  • So when you hear things just like

  • heart's breaking down

  • you can't see you're understanding why we said it.

  • So let's start with the first one: downward movement.

  • Sit down!

hi,james from EngVid

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A2 初級 美國腔

"DOWN "英語中的短語動詞:close down,bring down,break down...... ("DOWN" Phrasal Verbs in English: close down, bring down, break down...)

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    梁信捷 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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