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  • In the aftermath of former Cuban President Fidel Castro’s death in 2016, the reaction

  • from world leaders has been mixed.

  • While President-elect Donald Trump celebrated Castro’s death, Canadian Prime Minister

  • Justin Trudeau had kind words about the late president, calling him a “larger than life

  • leader who served his people”.

  • Meanwhile President Barack Obama stayed neutral, only recognizing Castro’s “enormous impact”.

  • So what is the controversial legacy of Cuba’s fallen communist leader?

  • Well, in 1959 Fidel Castro established Cuba as the Western Hemisphere’s first communist

  • country, after overthrowing the US-backed military dictator Fulgencio Batista.

  • Castro was a self-declared Marxist-Leninist, and upon taking power, he abolished all private

  • enterprises, strictly limited the amount of land Cubans could own, and gave the state

  • sweeping control over housing and consumer goods.

  • Many rival powers called Castro a ‘tyrantand a ‘dictator’, as he shut down opposition

  • newspapers, jailed those who were critical of him and barred elections.

  • Castro’s firm grip on the economy left most Cubans trapped in poverty, and during his

  • nearly 50 years in power, thousands fled to the US.

  • But to many who stayed in Cuba, Castro was actually quite popular.

  • Pro-Castro street art was erected in Havana, and large crowds gathered for his long, unscripted

  • speeches.

  • Castro was celebrated for reducing illiteracy, bringing electricity to rural communities,

  • abolishing legal discrimination and building schools and medical facilities.

  • Castro’s reputation was also complicated abroad.

  • He was a friend to leftist movements in Africa, the Middle East and other parts of Latin America

  • as he supported them during the Cold War.

  • For instance in the 1970’s and 80’s, Castro deployed tens of thousands of troops to Angola

  • to fight South African Apartheid-era forces there.

  • Upon hearing of Cuba’s intervention, Nelson Mandela issued a statement from jail, praising

  • Castro for being leader from another continent to help Africans achieve their own freedom,

  • rather than try to take it away.

  • Mandela and Castro remained friends until Mandela’s death in 2013.

  • Castro supported similar movements in Mozambique, Ethiopia, Algeria, Yemen and Libya..

  • But Castro was a bitter rival to many Western Powers, predominantly the United States.

  • After embracing communism and aligning Cuba with the Soviet Union, US leaders labeled

  • him a tyrant and set out to remove him from power through the failed Bay of Pigs invasion

  • a trade embargo, and allegedly as many as 600 assassination attempts, according to one

  • Cuban counterintelligence officer.

  • During much of Castro’s reign subsidies from the Soviet Union kept Cuba’s economy

  • afloat.

  • So when the bloc collapsed in 1991, Cuba’s economy crumbled, and the flaws in Castro’s

  • soviet ideology became increasingly apparent.

  • In the last decade of his presidency, Castro stubbornly remained in power, even while his

  • reputation diminished both at home and abroad.

  • Finally in 2008, he stepped down, appointing his brother, Raul to lead the country.

  • In the end, Castro’s legacy, along with his achievements, is best described as mixed.

  • He was a skilled politician, admired for uplifting Cuba’s poor and supporting leftist movements

  • abroad.

  • But at the same time, Castro was obsessed with holding on to his power, costing him

  • diplomatic ties with the United States and, in many cases, damaging the welfare of the

  • Cuban people.

  • For nearly half a century, Fidel Castro was at the center of the United Statesunsavory

  • relationship with Cuba.

  • But ties between the US and Cuba stem back decades before Castro’s Communist Revolution.

  • So what is the history of their complicated relationship?

  • Find out in this video.

  • Castro took ownership of all U.S.-owned businesses in Cuba including oil refineries, factories,

  • and casinos.

  • In response, President Dwight D. Eisenhower ceased diplomatic relations and trade, later

  • expanded into a foreign embargo by John F. Kennedy.

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In the aftermath of former Cuban President Fidel Castro’s death in 2016, the reaction


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菲德爾-卡斯特羅:英雄還是惡棍? (Fidel Castro: Hero Or Villain?)

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    BH 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日