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  • Hi, guys. I'd like to share with you one of my pet peeves.

    哈囉各位。我想要跟大家分享我的一個 pet peeves

  • "Pet peeves" means something

    "Pet peeves" 指某件事

  • that other people do that make you angry. So, I am an ESL teacher, and I love teaching,

    其他人做了會惹你不高興。我是一位教導英語為第二種語言 (ESL) 的英文老師,我很喜歡教書

  • but something really pisses me off, something really makes me angry, and it is when people


  • do not say the "s" at the end of words. Now, I understand that this is at first a pronunciation

    沒有加 s 在字的後面。我瞭解一開始是發音問題

  • problem, so you guys are going to go to Emma's video that she made: "Words Ending in 's'".

    所以你們要去看 Emma 老師的影片「結尾為 s 的字彙」

  • So, this will teach you all about the pronunciation of the word "s" at the end of words.

    內容將會告訴你所有字尾為 s 的字彙發音

  • So, will give you...。

    所以 提供了

  • Type in "s pronunciation", and you've got that video right there. After

    搜尋 "s pronunciation",你就可以找到那部影片

  • you watch that video, there will be no excuse. So, please, try. Help me out.


  • And I'm going to tell you why it's so important. First example: Use the "s" is if you said

    我跟你說為什麼這個這麼重要。第一個例子:使用 s

  • to someone, for example: "I like cat" or "I like dog",

    如果你告訴某人:「I like cat」或「I like dog」

  • this means you want to say that you like dogs, cats, you think they're cute, you maybe have a couple pets. But guess what?

    而你想要說的意思是你喜歡狗 (you like dogs) 和貓 (you like cats),你認為他們很可愛,也許你也有幾隻寵物。但你猜猜看

  • If you say: "I like cat and I like dog", this means you like to eat them. So you don't want

    如果你說:"I like cat"、"I like dog",意思是說你喜歡吃貓肉狗肉。

  • someone to think that you like to eat dogs or cats, now, do you? So, it's crucial (very important)

    你可不想別人認為你喜歡吃狗肉貓肉吧?所以有沒有加 s 很關鍵 (非常重要)

  • that you always try to remember to put the "s". So, instead of saying:

    記得要加上 s。所以,與其說

  • "I like cat and I like dog", we're going to say: "I like cats and I like dogs."

    「我喜歡吃貓肉 (I like cat) 和我喜歡吃狗肉 (I like dog)」,應該說「我喜歡貓 (I like cats) 和我喜歡狗 (I like dogs)」

  • If it's an animal that you like, you're going to put the "s", with the exception of chicken...

    如果你想說你喜歡什麼動物,要記得加上 s 在後面,除了雞肉 (chicken)

  • You can like chickens. But if you like to eat it, you're not going to put the "s". So,

    你可以喜歡雞這個動物 (chickens)。但如果你喜歡吃牠,你就不能把 s 擺在字尾

  • for example: "My favourite food is chicken." So, I would say: "I like chicken." But if

    例如:「我最愛的食物是雞 (chicken)」我會改成這樣說:「我愛吃雞肉 (chicken)」

  • I like the animal: "Bawk, bawk, bawk", maybe a bit too much, I would say: "I like chickens."

    我喜歡的是「咕咕咕」(叫聲) 的動物,我會說「我喜歡雞 (I like chickens)」

  • So, be careful. You don't want to say to someone: "I like sheep",

    所以注意了。你不會想要跟別人說「我喜歡羊肉 (I like sheep)(sheep單複數同形)」

  • because that just... That's a different subject.


  • So, the first rule that you have to remember with this is we always use an "s" with countable

    第一個規則就是你一定要記得複數名詞後面要加 s

  • nouns. So, a "countable noun" means something that you can count in groups. For example:

    "countable noun" 是指可以數成一群的。例如

  • dogs, cats; one dog, two dogs, three dogs. You can count them. We have countable and


  • uncountable nouns in English. If you're not too sure, you can reference it on

    如果你不太確定,可以去 網站中查詢。

  • or you can look in a grammar book or a dictionary, and you will know if it's countable or uncountable.


  • So, rule number one is that every countable noun will have to have an "s" if it's plural.

    所以規則一就是每個可數名詞作複數使用時,必須加上 s

  • If you look at my example... Now, I hear this all the time. I will ask someone:


  • "Wow. Cool shoes. How much were they?"


  • "40 dollar." And, let me see, 40 dollar, 40 dollar, what?

    「40 dollar (dollar為美元的單數)」我思考一下,40 dollar是什麼?

  • Because "dollars" are countable, you have to put the "s". So, it's not: "40 dollar",

    因為 "dollars" 是可數的,所以你必須在後面加上 s。所以不是用 "40 dollar"

  • it's "40 dollars". So: "I have 5 dollars." Now, if you only have one of something that's

    而是 "40 dollars" 才對。因此用法是「我有5美元 (5 dollars)」。如果你只有一個可數的東西

  • countable, that's okay, you don't need the "s". So, for example: "I have one dog."

    那也可以,你就不需要加上 s 了。例如:「我有一隻狗 (one dog)」

  • I don't put the "s". If you have one of something that's countable, you don't need the "s",

    不需要加 s 在後面。如果你擁有的東西是可數的而且只有一個,就不需要加上 s 了

  • but as soon as you have two, you need to put the "s".

    但只要你有 2 個,你就需要加上 s

  • The other words that we're going to look at are more of a grammar-based thing, but that's


  • cool. "There were several", maybe this is a new word for you. "Several" means the same

    「這裡有許多 (several)」,對某些人是新單字,"several" 的意思

  • as "a lot" or "many". It means more than one. So, for example, if you say: "There was...

    跟 "a lot" 或 "many" 一樣。代表超過 1 個數量。舉例來說:如果你說「這裡有

  • There were several dog", this doesn't make sense; because this means more than one, I

    「這裡有許多隻小狗 (dog)」,這不具任何意義;因為此處指多過一隻

  • have to write the "s". I say: "There were several dogs."

    所以必須加上 s,講為:「這裡有許多隻小狗 (dogs)」

  • "I have a lot of cat".

    「我有許多貓 (I have a lot of cat)」

  • So, if you told me that you have a lot of cat, I think that you're

    如果你告訴我 "I have a lot of cat"

  • going to invite me to eat the cat that you have, because you have a large portion of


  • cat for me to eat. I have never eaten cat. I probably would, but I don't think you would


  • like me to eat your cat, so you have to say: "I have a lot of cats." Meow. Crazy cat ladies,

    你跟我一樣想吃你的貓,所以你要改說 "I have a lot of cats"。瘋狂的貓女士們

  • hello.


  • Next one, I hear people say: "Oh, my city has many tree." Huh, okay. Well, "many", which

    下一個,有人會說:"Oh, my city has many tree.",many 代表的意思

  • means the same as "a lot" or "several", again, you need the "s". So, you have to say... Not

    跟 "a lot" 或 "several" 相同,所以你需要加上 s,改成說,不是

  • "tress". "My city has many trees."

    "tress (拚錯)",應改為「我的城市有很多樹 (trees)。」

  • One more that's even more confusing for you guys is "too many". Now, "many", and "a lot",

    另外可能更讓你們感到困惑的用詞是 "too many"。"many" 和 "a lot"

  • and "several" are always positive things. Okay? But "too many" is always a bad thing

    還有 "several" 都是正向的。但 "too many" 則是指不好的事

  • or a negative thing. So, if you like trees and cats and dogs, you can use "many". But

    或負面的。因此如果你喜歡樹木、貓和狗,你可以用 "many"。但是

  • if you don't like the countable noun, you have to say "too many". So, for example, I

    如果你不喜歡一個可數的東西,你可以用 "too many" 這個詞。例如:

  • can say: "She has too many brothers."

    我可以說:「她有太多哥哥了 (She has too many brothers.)」

  • So, maybe you know somebody that has 10 brothers,

    也許你知道某個人有 10 個兄弟

  • and you don't like the brothers, you can say:


  • "Mm, she's got too many brothers. I don't like that."


  • Maybe you know someone that has 15 children, you can say:

    也許你知道一些人有 15 個小孩,則可以說

  • "Oh my god, well,


  • in my opinion, she just has too many kids." Now, the word "children" is countable, so

    就我看來,她的小孩太多了 (kids)」,「小孩 (children)」這個字是可數的

  • it's plural, so you don't need to worry about the "s", but "kids" is countable. So:

    本身是複數,不需要擔心是否加 s,但「小孩 (kids)」是可數的

  • "She has too many brothers", "too many kids". When it's "too many", it's something you don't

    「她有太多的兄弟 (brothers)、太多的小孩 (kids)」,當你形容這個事物「太多 (too many)」時,代表你不喜歡這樣事物

  • like. But these ones are something that you like or you think are okay. So, as far as

    但其他這些 (several、a lot、many) 則是一些你喜歡或覺得可以的事物

  • the grammar sense goes, if you can remember "several", "a lot", and "many", you're going

    只要懂得文法,你會記得 "several"、"a lot"、"many" 這些字後面

  • to remember to put the "s".

    要加上 s

  • There's one more group of words that I think are confusing, but that's cool. We have in


  • English: "no one", "nobody", "anyone", "anybody", "everyone", and "everybody". Now, to help

    英文中有:"no one、no body、anyone、anybody、everyone、everybody"

  • you guys out: "no one" and "nobody" mean exactly the same. Okay? "Anyone", "anybody", they're

    幫你們搞清楚一件事,"no one" 和 "no body" 意思一模一樣。"anyone" 和 "anybody" 兩者意思

  • the same. It doesn't matter. But when you use these words, you always need to make sure


  • that your verb is going to be singular. So, for example, I can say:


  • "No one" or "Nobody likes", okay?

    「沒有人( No one 或 Nobody) 喜歡 (likes)」

  • Because this is a singular, we need to put an "s" on our verb.

    因為這 (Nobody) 是單數的,所以動詞後面要加 s

  • "Nobody likes taxes." Hmm. Taxes are terrible. "Everybody" or "Everyone has"... We can't say:

    「沒有人喜歡 (likes) 課稅」。課稅很糟糕。「每一個人 (Everybody或Everyone) 都有(has)」,我們不能用

  • "Everyone have". We have to say: "Everyone has a brain."

    「每一個人都有 (have)」。我們要用「每一個人都有 (has) 一顆腦袋。」

  • Sometimes I wonder about this, but I know,


  • physically, everyone has a brain. Okay? I can't say: "Nobody like taxes." I have to

    身體上,每個人只有一顆腦袋。我不能說成:「沒有人喜歡 (like) 課稅。」我必須

  • say: "Nobody likes". So, if you have: "no-", "any-", or "every-", "one" or "body", you

    說:「沒有人喜歡 (likes)」。所以你有「no-, any-, every-」搭上「one 或 body」這個字彙

  • always have to make sure that your verb is a singular, takes a singular noun.


  • Go check out Emma's lesson, and remember: Anytime that you have a countable noun that's

    去看看 Emma 所教的課,並記住「使用超過單個數量的可數名詞時

  • more than one, please do Ronnie a big favour, and please say the "s".

    幫我一個忙,請記得加上 s

  • Later.


Hi, guys. I'd like to share with you one of my pet peeves.

哈囉各位。我想要跟大家分享我的一個 pet peeves

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單字即點即查 點擊單字可以查詢單字解釋

A2 初級 中文 美國腔 單數 名詞 字彙 複數 小孩 動詞

別再犯這些常見的錯誤 (Don't make this common mistake. Use the S)

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    HQQ 發佈於 2017 年 11 月 15 日