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- [Voiceover] This is a mummy of a young man
named Herakleides.
He died in Egypt in the first century A.D.
when he was about 20 years old.
Mummification was developed by the ancient Egyptians
to preserve the body for the afterlife.
Typically, all internal organs were removed
before mummification with the exception of the heart.
But in this case the heart was removed
and the lungs were left intact.
Next, the body was covered with salt
and left for about 40 days,
until all moisture was eliminated.
Perfumed oils and plant resins were rubbed on the body.
Thick layers of resin were applied to glue the strips of
linen that were wrapped around the body.
The mummy was placed on a wooden board
and more wrappings bound them together.
A mysterious pouch, perhaps of religious significance
was placed on the chest.
A mummified ibis, a wading bird with a slender,
down curved bill, was placed on the abdomen.
Ibis mummies commonly served as votive offerings
to the gods, but this is an unusual case
of a bird being mummified with a deceased human.
Long linen strips further secured the wrappings.
A portrait panel of Herakleides was placed over the face.
A large linen cloth was wrapped around the mummy.
The shroud was painted red with an imported
lead-based pigment.
This treatment is rare,
very few red shroud mummies are known to exist.
Egyptian symbols of protection and rebirth
were painted on the outer cloth with pigments and gold.
Finally, Herakleides name was written in Greek at the feet.
Thanks to this remarkable mummification process,
Herakleides body is with us today.
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木乃伊製作過程 (The Mummification Process)

1887 分類 收藏
April Lu 發佈於 2016 年 10 月 18 日    Arnold Hsu 翻譯    Mandy Lin 審核
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