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  • Hello, my name is Emmelda and welcome to my new lesson. A lot of English learners love

    大家好,我叫艾梅爾達,歡迎來到我的新課。很多英語學習者都喜歡

  • to learn new vocabulary as they think it will help them improve their English, which is

    學習新的詞彙,因為他們認為這將有助於提高他們的英語水平,這是

  • right, true. However, you need to have very strong foundation with your grammar as well.

    對,沒錯。但是,你的文法也需要有很強的基礎。

  • Am I correct? So we will be taking a grammar lesson today on nouns. So those learners who

    我說的對嗎?所以我們今天要上一節名詞的文法課。所以那些學習者

  • think... uh this is nouns I know, I know it all, I can handle it. No, hold on as we will

    認為... 呃,這是名詞我知道,我知道這一切,我可以處理它。不,等一下,我們會

  • be talking about collective and uncountable nouns. These two set of nouns are such that

    要講的是集體名詞和不可數名詞。這兩組名詞是這樣的。

  • a lot of people make mistakes, even the most advanced English speakers as well. So let's

    很多人都會犯錯誤,即使是最先進的英語使用者也是如此。所以,讓's

  • get started with the nouns.

    從名詞入手。

  • What are nouns? Nouns are names given to person, place, animal or thing or even an organization.

    什麼是名詞?名詞是對人、地、動物或事物甚至組織的稱呼。

  • Let me give you an example. John lives in the UK or the United Kingdom with his dog

    讓我舉個例子。約翰和他的狗一起住在英國或英國。

  • called Snoopy and he loves to play with his ball or a bat. Now here, John is a name of

    叫史努比,他喜歡玩他的球或蝙蝠。現在這裡,約翰是一個名字的

  • a person. UK is a name of a place. Snoopy is a name of a dog which is an animal. Ball

    一個人。英國是一個地名。Snoopy是一隻狗的名字,它是一種動物。球

  • is a name of a thing. So John, UK, Snoopy, ball or bat. One thing that you need to notice

    是一個事物的名稱。所以約翰、英國、史努比、球或球棒。你需要注意的一件事

  • if you are talking about a proper noun, that means a name given specifically to a person

    專名詞

  • or a place or an animal, you need to start that word, that name with a capital letter.

    或一個地方或一個動物,你需要用一個大寫字母來開始那個詞,那個名字。

  • Notice this, John.. J is in caps, Snoopy... S is in caps, UK it is an abbreviation; this

    注意這個,約翰...J是大寫的,史努比... ...S是大寫的,英國是縮寫;這個... ...

  • has to be in capital letters. So J,UK, S all start with a capital letter irrespective where

    必須是大寫字母。所以J,UK,S都是以大寫字母開頭的,不管在什麼地方

  • they are placed in a sentence, okay. So that is a proper noun. But you can't be talking

    他們放在一個句子裡,好吧。所以,這是一個合適的名詞。但你不能說

  • about John all the time. John lives in the UK. John loves his dog. John works here, John

    關於約翰所有的時間。約翰住在英國。約翰喜歡他的狗。約翰在這裡工作,約翰

  • does this? You need to replace these names or these nouns with other words. That is what

    這樣做嗎?你需要把這些名字或這些名詞換成其他詞語。這就是

  • we call pronouns. When you replace with a he or let's say you are talking about me.

    我們稱之為代詞。當你用他或者讓'說你在說我的時候,你就替換成了。

  • Hey Emmelda, looks nice, thank you and you say she wears a beautiful dress. You are replacing

    嘿,艾梅爾達,看起來不錯,謝謝你,你說她穿的衣服很漂亮。你在替換

  • the name Emmelda with she. He, she. The dog loves to lick his master. It is quite funny.

    艾梅爾達這個名字和她。他,她。這隻狗喜歡舔他的主人。這很有趣。

  • You are replacing the dog with an it. They like the movie or let's say my friends who

    你是用一個它來代替狗。他們喜歡的電影或讓我們'說我的朋友們誰

  • went to a theatre loved the movie. They loved the movie so much, they wanted to see it again.

    去影院愛的電影。他們非常喜歡這部電影,他們想再看一次。

  • They, you are replacing the friends with they. So he, she, it, they, them. They all are used

    他們,你是把朋友換成了他們。所以他,她,它,他們,他們。他們都是用的

  • to replace someone very specific and that is what you call as pronouns. You call such

    來代替某個非常具體的人,這就是你們所說的代詞。你把這種

  • words as pronouns. So noun and pronoun is very simple, I'm sure you would agree. So

    詞作為代詞。所以名詞和代詞是非常簡單的,我'相信你會同意。所以

  • let's started with the most tricky ones. Collective nouns, what are collective nouns?

    讓我們'從最棘手的開始。集體名詞,什麼是集體名詞?

  • A lot of people get confused with collective nouns. Well, in basic English, collective

    很多人都會對集體名詞感到困惑。那麼,在基本的英語中,集體

  • nouns are words given to a group of people or a group of things or animals. Let's take

    名詞是給一群人或一群事物或動物的詞語。讓我們's拿

  • a look at a few examples. People, people we have team. A team of employees are working

    看一下幾個例子。人,人我們有團隊。一個團隊的員工在工作

  • on a project for an organization. Team of employees, team of students, team of members,

    在一個組織的項目上。員工團隊、學生團隊、成員團隊。

  • a team. Class, you have class

    一個團隊。同學們,你們有班級

  • of students studying a particular subject. Family, this is my family. A family may consist

    的學生學習某一科目。家庭,這就是我的家庭。一個家庭可以由

  • of more than 5 or 6 people. There are 5 or 6 people, but you consider them family. You

    的5、6個人以上。有5、6個人,但你認為他們是家人。你

  • don't say, families, no right. Unless you are talking about two different or three different

    不要'不要說,家庭,沒有權利。除非你說的是兩個不同或三個不同的。

  • families, right. So team, class, family. One thing that you want to note about collective

    家庭,對。所以團隊、班級、家庭。有一件事你要注意,關於集體

  • nouns is that you always use a singular verb when you are referring to one team or a class

    名詞是,當你指一個團隊或一個班級時,你總是使用單數動詞。

  • or a family. You do not say the team are going here. The team is going here. Irrespective

    還是一個家庭。你不說團隊要去這裡。球隊要去這裡。不管

  • of how many members the team has. You don't say, the class was or the class were listening

    的團隊有多少成員。你不說,全班人都在或全班人都在聽。

  • to a lecture, no. You would say the class was listening. So is, was you will use singular

    到講課,不。你會說班上的同學在聽課。所以是,是你會用單數

  • verbs for collective nouns. So a team of people or employees, a class of students, family.

    動詞為集體名詞。所以一個團隊的人或員工,一個班級的學生,家庭。

  • However, if you are talking about police or crew. Let's say something happened, there

    但是,如果你說的是警察或船員。比如說發生了什麼事,有。

  • was a crime. You would say, hey the police is coming. Yes the police is coming. The next

    是一種犯罪。你會說,嘿,警察來了。是的,警察來了。接下來

  • you are going to say, they are going to catch you. Now here you referring to a few people

    你要說的是,他們要抓你。現在你指的是幾個人

  • in the police department who is going to catch you. Although you use the police and is. But

    在警察部門誰來抓你。雖然你用警察和是。但是

  • in the next sentence if you are talking about specific people within this group, you will

    在下一句話中,如果你說的是這個群體中的具體人員,你將會

  • refer them in the plural form. Okay, so the police is coming, they will catch you. So

    用複數的形式稱呼他們好吧,所以警察來了,他們會抓住你。所以...

  • you understood the difference, you use the collective noun with a singular verb.

    你明白了區別,你用集體名詞與單數動詞。

  • Now, moving on to animals. A lot of people don't know these words for animals. Herd,

    現在,繼續說說動物。很多人不知道這些動物的詞語。群。

  • herd of zebras, herd of zebras. The herd of zebras is moving away to escape the lion's

    斑馬群,斑馬群。斑馬群為了躲避獅子'的攻擊,正在遠離。

  • angry roar. Zebras, a herd of zebras. An army of frogs. It is an army of frogs, you don't

    怒吼。斑馬,一群斑馬。一支青蛙的軍隊。這是一支青蛙的軍隊,你不'。

  • say a lot of frogs are going. You can say that, but if a lot of frogs are moving in

    說很多青蛙在走。你可以這麼說,但如果很多青蛙都在移動。

  • one direction together, you say an army of frogs. School of fish. You don't say, there

    一個方向一起,你說青蛙的軍隊。魚群。你不說,有

  • are so many fishes in the ocean. We say we have many schools of fish in the ocean or

    大海里有很多魚。我們說我們在海洋裡有很多魚群,或者說是

  • there is a school of fish in the pond. School of fish, it is a collective noun for an animal.

    池塘裡有一群魚。魚群,是一種動物的統稱名詞。

  • Moving on to things. We can say, do you say a grape, one grape, two grapes. But what if

    繼續說事情。我們可以說,你說一粒葡萄嗎,一粒葡萄,兩粒葡萄。但是如果

  • they come in a bunch. You say a bunch of grapes or a bunch of things. A bunch of grapes, a

    他們來了一堆。你說一串葡萄,還是一串東西。一串葡萄,一

  • clutch of eggs or a dozen of eggs. A dozen means 12 eggs, right. So when you club the

    一窩雞蛋或一打雞蛋。一打就是12個蛋,對吧。所以當你用俱樂部的

  • 12 eggs together, you say a dozen of eggs. Moving on to, a deck of cards. Yes it is cards

    12個雞蛋一起,你說一打雞蛋。繼續說到,一副牌。是的,是牌

  • and not cars. I'm talking about cards. So a deck of cards, a fleet of ship or aero planes.

    而不是汽車。我'說的是卡。所以一副卡牌,一支船隊或航空飛機。

  • So these are the collective nouns for things. Bunch of grapes, clutch of eggs, deck of cards,

    所以這些都是事物的集體名詞。一串葡萄,一叢雞蛋,一副牌。

  • fleet of ships of aero planes. Moving on to the last type of noun which is

    艦隊的航空飛機。接著說說最後一類名詞,它是

  • the uncountable noun. I don't mean last type of nouns I'm talking about only for this lesson.

    的不可數名詞。我不'不是指最後一種名詞我'說的只是本課。

  • So uncountable nouns, what do you mean uncountable nouns. Uncountable nouns are those nouns that

    那麼不可數名詞,什麼叫不可數名詞。不可數名詞是指那些名詞。

  • you cannot measure, you cannot count. For example, liquids. Can you say one water, two

    你無法測量,你無法計算。比如說,液體。你能說一個水,兩個

  • water, three water? Do you say give me a water? Or do you say give me a glass of water? Do

    水,三杯水?你是說給我一杯水?還是你說給我一杯水?你是

  • you say there is so little water in the pond or do you say there is no less water in the

    你說池塘裡的水太少了,還是說池塘裡的水沒有少?

  • pond. So it is uncountable. You cannot count liquids; you cannot count milk by drops. You

    塘。所以它是不可數的。你不能數液體,你不能數牛奶的滴數。你

  • have to say a packet of milk or a bottle of milk. Liquids, very basic. But how about something

    不得不說一包牛奶或一瓶牛奶。液體,很基礎。但是,怎麼樣的東西

  • complex? How about when you are talking about advice. Do you say don't give me so many advices.

    複雜嗎?不如說你在說建議的時候。你說別'給我這麼多建議嗎。

  • That is incorrect. Don't give me so much advice. It is advice and not advices. Information,

    這是不正確的。不要給我這麼多建議。是建議而不是意見。是資訊。

  • the information in the manual is quite clear and easy to understand. You don't say the

    手冊中的資訊是相當清楚和容易理解的。你不說

  • informations in the manual are quite clear. Information always comes with is. Similarly

    手冊中的資訊相當清楚。資訊總是伴隨著是。同樣

  • intelligence. You don't say how many intelligent you are. You say how much intelligent you

    智慧。你不說你有多少聰明。你說你有多少聰明的

  • are. For example when we talk about animals. The animal's level of intelligence is lower

    是。比如當我們談到動物的時候。動物'的智力水準較低。

  • than that of humans. You are measuring like a height. You are not saying it is lesser.

    比人類的。你是像測量高度一樣。你不是說它比人少。

  • Or you are not saying it is 50% lower, no. It is lower than humans. Lastly, garbage.

    或者你不是說它低50%,不是。是比人類低。最後,垃圾。

  • You don't say let's get rid of the garbages. Like one dustbin or two dustbins. You would

    你不說讓'擺脫車庫。比如一個垃圾桶或者兩個垃圾桶。你會

  • use a collective noun or uncountable noun for garbage. So it is very simple. Lot of

    用一個集體名詞或不可計數的名詞來表示垃圾。所以很簡單。大量的

  • advanced learners make mistakes in these words. Advices, informations, instructions. It is

    高級學習者在這些詞中犯錯。忠告、告知、訓示。它是

  • not instructions, it is instruction. Give me the instruction, I'll give you an instruction.

    不是訓示,是指令。給我指令,我就給你指令。

  • That's all intelligence and garbage. I hope you understood the lesson on nouns. I hope

    那都是情報和垃圾。我希望你能理解名詞的教訓。我希望

  • you found this lesson extremely helpful especially if you are a beginner level student. I will

    你覺得這堂課非常有幫助,特別是如果你是一個初級水準的學生。我將

  • be coming back with a new lesson until then, stay healthy, have fun, be beautiful and keep

    將來會有新的課程,直到那時,保持健康,有樂趣,美麗和保持

  • learning English, goodbye.

    學習英語,再見。

Hello, my name is Emmelda and welcome to my new lesson. A lot of English learners love

大家好,我叫艾梅爾達,歡迎來到我的新課。很多英語學習者都喜歡

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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 名詞 約翰 團隊 大寫 動物 青蛙

別再用錯了!集合名詞和不可數名詞! (Learning Nouns ( Collective & Uncountable Nouns) - Basic English Grammar Lessons)

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    秋梅 發佈於 2016 年 10 月 12 日
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